Difference between pages "Health care and safety in Guatemala" and "Kiribati"

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{{Health_care_and_safety_by_country}}
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{{CountryboxAlternative
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|Countryname= Kiribati
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|CountryCode = kr
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|status= [[In-ACTIVE]]
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|Flag= Flag_of_Kiribati.svg
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|Welcomebooklink = http://www.peacecorps.gov/welcomebooks/kiwb441.pdf
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|Region= [[Pacific Islands]]
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|CountryDirector= [[Michael  Koffman]]
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|Sectors= [[Education]]<br> [[Health]]
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|ProgramDates= [[1967]] - [[Present]]
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|CurrentlyServing= 18
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|TotalVolunteers= 489
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|Languages= [[I-Kiribati]], [[English]]
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|Map= Kr-map.gif
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}}
  
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Peace Corps/Kiribati began operations in 1973 with one Volunteer. Peace
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Corps/Solomon Islands administered the program fielding fewer than 10 Volunteers in
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various projects but focusing on education assignments. In 1979, the Republic of Kiribati gained independence and 12 health and water sanitation Volunteers arrived in addition to the education Volunteers. The first country director was assigned to Kiribati in 1988.
  
  
The Peace Corps’ highest priority is maintaining the health and safety of every Volunteer. Peace Corps medical programs emphasize the preventive, rather than the curative approach to disease. Peace Corps/Guatemala maintains a medical office with two full-time American nurses who take care of Volunteers’ primary healthcare needs. A Guatemalan physician is available for consultation several hours each working day. Additional medical services, such as laboratories and specialized physicians, are also available in Guatemala City at local, American-standard hospitals. If you become seriously ill, you may be hospitalized here or transported to a facility in the United States.
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==Peace Corps History==
  
===Health Issues in Guatemala===
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''Main article: [[History of the Peace Corps in Kiribati]]''
  
Outside of major cities, the healthcare infrastructure is based mainly on rural clinics, supported by some hospitals. There are excellent air ambulance facilities in case of emergencies. The role of clinics, other than diagnosing endemic health problems and coordinating the training of midwives, is to refer complicated cases to service providers in the larger cities. Maladies associated with poverty such as malnutrition, water- and fecal-borne disease (including cholera), tuberculosis, and parasitic infestations are fairly common. Malaria, dengue fever and Chagas disease are also present. Most health problems in Guatemala can be avoided by consistently using preventive measures.  
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The Peace Corps presence in what would become the Republic of Kiribati began with the placement of a single Volunteer in 1973. Until 1988 the program was administered from the Peace Corps office in the Solomon Islands. During the early years, the number of Volunteers remained under 10 per year and assignments included a wide variety of projects. The first major expansion occurred in 1979 when the Republic of Kiribati was formed. Twelve health and water sanitation Volunteers began their service that year. Until 1987 Volunteers numbered between 12 and 18, and programming concentrated on education assignments. With the arrival of the first country director in 1988, the Peace Corps established an independently administered post on Tarawa, the capital of the Republic of Kiribati. From 1990 until 1997 about 15 to 20 Volunteers worked as teacher trainers, focusing on outer island primary schools.
  
===Helping You Stay Healthy===
 
  
The Peace Corps will provide you with all the necessary inoculations, medications, and information to stay healthy upon your arrival in Guatemala. You will receive nine training sessions devoted exclusively to health and safety, and be given a medical handbook and other references. During training, you will receive a medical kit with supplies to take care of mild illnesses and first-aid needs. The contents of the kit are listed later in this booklet.
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==Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyles==
  
During training, you will have access to basic first-aid supplies and many over-the-counter medications through the medical officers. However, during this time, you will be responsible for your own supply of prescription drugs and any other specific medical supplies you require, as we will not order these items during training. Please bring a three-month supply of any prescription drugs you use, since they may not be available here and it may take several months for new shipments to arrive.
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''Main article: [[Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyles in Kiribati]]''
  
You will have physical examinations, including lab work, at mid-service and at the end of your service. If you develop a serious medical problem during your service, the medical officer in Guatemala will consult with the Office of Medical Services in Washington, D.C. If it is determined that your condition cannot be treated in Guatemala, you may be sent to the U.S. for further evaluation and care.  
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All Volunteers in Kiribati are required to live with a host family during training. Volunteers are also assigned a host family, with whom they will live for the entire two years of service. This includes Volunteers living in South Tarawa. Understandably, many Volunteers have difficulty adjusting to this because it means giving up the independent living to which they are accustomed. Household rules, especially for women, are likely to be completely different and feel very restrictive compared to life in the United States. Yet, in most instances, the rewards are great. Living with a family makes it easier to learn the language, offers a much greater understanding of the culture, and ensures a safer and more secure environment for the Volunteer. Much of a Volunteer’s life in Kiribati will be based on interactions with his or her host family, which provide an entrance into the community. Correction: Most volunteers did NOT live with host families during their service and had their own housing, at least in the late 90's and early 2000s.
  
===Maintaining Your Health===
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Volunteers in Kiribati are placed on all of the islands in the Gilbert group. The greatest need is on the outer islands, and that is where almost all Volunteers are assigned. Most of the houses on the outer islands are made from local materials.
  
As a Volunteer, you must accept a certain amount of responsibility for your own health. Proper precautions will significantly reduce your risk of serious illness or injury.  
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Houses have stick walls supported by larger posts in the ground and a thatched roof. Windows have no glass and are cut from sticks. There is usually a socializing buia (a raised platform) next to the house. All houses also have a roki (bathroom), which is either inside the house or nearby. The roki will have a water-sealed pit latrine. Bathing consists of dipping a cup in a bucket and pouring it over you. Clothes are washed by hand in buckets. Water is drawn from a nearby well. Volunteers sleep under mosquito nets. Peace Corps/ Kiribati provides heavy-duty wire fencing (referred to as security wire) to be installed in the Volunteers’ housing.
  
The old adage, “An ounce of prevention …” becomes extremely important in rural areas where medical diagnostic and treatment facilities are not up to the standards of the United States. The most important of your responsibilities in Guatemala include taking preventive measures for the following:
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==Training==
  
* If you are assigned to a malarial area, follow your prophylaxis treatment. Failure to take malaria prophylaxis may result in termination of service.
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''Main article: [[Training in Kiribati]]''
* In all bites from warm-blooded animals, you should assume the animal is rabid, inform the medical officer, and come into the office for rabies prophylaxis.
 
* Always use a condom during sex and adhere to other safe-sex practices.
 
* Do not wait until a medical problem becomes critical before seeking treatment.
 
* Do not drink water that has not been purified.
 
* Do not eat fruits or vegetables that have not been properly cleaned or cooked.
 
  
It is critical for your health that you promptly report to the medical office or other designated facility for scheduled immunizations, lab work, or other specialist appointments, and that you let your medical officer know immediately of significant illness and injuries.  
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Your first stop after leaving your home will be staging, where you will receive last-minute information about service in Kiribati and have the chance to rethink your commitment to Peace Corps service. Your flight to Kiribati may involve a one-night stopover in Fiji. Don’t unpack; you are not there yet! Once you arrive in Kiribati, you will begin the nine-and-one-half-week pre-service training program. One purpose of this training is to help trainees make an informed commitment before they are sworn-in as Peace Corps Volunteers.
  
Many health problems that afflict Volunteers worldwide are entirely preventable if proper food and water precautions are taken. These problems include food poisoning, amebiasis, giardiasis, hepatitis A, dysentery, and typhoid fever. Your medical officer will discuss specific standards for water and food preparation for Guatemala during pre-service training.  
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Week one takes place on South Tarawa, where you may stay in a modest local hotel. The week includes an initial orientation to Kiribati and Peace Corps staff, along with completion of some preliminary medical and administrative paperwork. There will also be language, cross-cultural, and project overview sessions. During week two, you will visit a current Volunteer at his or her site on an outer island to gain a realistic perspective of Volunteer life and work. This will help you take full advantage of the learning opportunities presented during training. The rest of the training occurs on North Tarawa, where you will be dispersed in small groups to villages away from the training center and live with a host family. Language and cross-cultural instructors accompany each small group and will live and work with you in the community. They will be staying with other host families. Your host family will provide you with lodging and food throughout training. You will come to the training center about once a week as a group for technical, medical, and core training (which covers safety and security, administration, and Peace Corps policies).  
  
Abstinence is the only certain choice for prevention of HIV/ AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). You are taking risks if you choose to be sexually active. To lessen risk, use a condom every time you have sex. Whether your partner is a host-country citizen, a fellow Volunteer, or anyone else, do not assume this person is free of HIV/AIDS or other STDs. You will receive more information from your medical officer about this important issue.
 
  
Volunteers are expected to adhere to an effective means of birth control to prevent unplanned pregnancies. Your medical officer can help you decide on the most appropriate method to suit your individual needs. Contraceptive methods are available without charge from the medical officer.
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==Your Health Care and Safety==
  
===Women’s Health Information===
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''Main article: [[Health Care and Safety in Kiribati]]''
  
Pregnancy is a health condition that is treated in the same manner as other Volunteer health conditions requiring medical attention, but may also have programmatic ramifications.  The Peace Corps is responsible for determining the medical risk and the availability of appropriate medical care if the Volunteer remains in-country. Given the circumstances under which Volunteers live and work in Peace Corps countries, it is rare that the Peace Corps medical and programmatic standards for continued service can be met. The majority of Volunteers who become pregnant are medically separated.  
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The Peace Corps’ highest priority is maintaining the good health and safety of every Volunteer. Peace Corps medical programs emphasize the preventive, rather than the curative, approach to disease. The Peace Corps in Kiribati maintains a clinic with a full-time medical officer, who takes care of Volunteers’ primary healthcare needs. Additional limited medical services, such as evaluation and treatments, are also available in Kiribati at Tungaru Central Hospital. If you become seriously ill, you will be transported to an American-standard medical facility in the region, to Australia, or to the United States.
  
===Your Peace Corps Medical Kit===
 
  
The Peace Corps medical officer provides Volunteers with a medical kit that contains basic items necessary to prevent and treat illnesses that might occur during service. Kit items can be periodically restocked at your Peace Corps medical office.
 
  
====Medical Kit Contents====
 
  
American Red Cross First Aid and Personal Safety Manual <br>
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==Diversity and Cross-Cultural Issues==
Ace bandage  <br>
 
Acetaminophen: 325&nbsp;mg tablets  <br>
 
Adhesive tape  <br>
 
Antacid tablets  <br>
 
Anti-fungal cream  <br>
 
Antiseptic antimicrobial skin cleaner (Hibiclens)  <br>
 
Bacitracin/Neomycin/Polymycin B ointment  <br>
 
Band-Aids  <br>
 
Bismuth Subsalicylate tablets  <br>
 
Butterfly closures  <br>
 
Cepacol lozenges  <br>
 
Condoms  <br>
 
Dental floss  <br>
 
Diphenhydramine HCL (Benadryl): 25&nbsp;mg tablets  <br>
 
Gloves, non-sterile, disposable, 1 pair  <br>
 
Hydrocortisone Cream 1%, 30&nbsp;mg tube  <br>
 
Ibuprofen: 400&nbsp;mg tablets  <br>
 
Insect repellant stick  <br>
 
Iodine tablets (Water purification tablets)  <br>
 
Lip balm  <br>
 
Oral rehydration salts  <br>
 
Oral thermometer (Fahrenheit)  <br>
 
Pseudephedrine HCL (Sudafed): 30&nbsp;mg tablets  <br>
 
Robitussin-DM lozenges  <br>
 
Scissors  <br>
 
Sterile gauze pads  <br>
 
Sunscreen Cream 28 SPF  <br>
 
Tetrahydrozaline eye drops (Visine)  <br>
 
Tweezers  <br>
 
Whistle  <br>
 
  
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''Main article: [[Diversity and Cross-Cultural Issues in Kiribati]]''
  
===Before You Leave: A Medical Checklist===
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In Kiribati, as in other Peace Corps host countries, Volunteers’ behavior, lifestyles, background, and beliefs will be judged in a cultural context very different from our own. Certain personal perspectives or characteristics commonly accepted in the United States may be quite uncommon, unacceptable, or even repressed.
  
If there has been any change in your health—physical, mental, or dental—since the time you submitted your examination reports to the Peace Corps, you must immediately notify the Office of Medical Services. Failure to disclose new illnesses, injuries, allergies, or pregnancy can endanger your health and may jeopardize your eligibility to serve.  
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Outside of Tarawa, residents of the outer islands have had relatively little direct exposure to other cultures, races, religions, and lifestyles. What is viewed as “typical” cultural behavior or norms may be a narrow and selective interpretation, such as the perception in some countries that all Americans are rich and have blond hair and blue eyes. The people of Kiribati are justly known for their generous hospitality to foreigners; however, members of the community in which you will live may display a range of reactions to differences that you present.  
  
If your dental exam was done more than a year ago, or if your physical exam is more than two years old, contact the Office of Medical Services to find out whether you need to update your records.
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* Possible Issues for Female Volunteers
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* Possible Issues for Volunteers of Color
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* Possible Issues for Senior Volunteers
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* Possible Issues for Gay, Lesbian, or Bisexual Volunteers
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* Possible Religious Issues for Volunteers
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* Possible Issues for Volunteers with Disabilities
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* Possible Issues for Married Volunteers
  
If your dentist or Peace Corps dental consultant has recommended that you undergo dental treatment or repair, you must complete that work and make sure your dentist sends requested confirmation reports or X-rays to the Office of Medical Services.
 
  
If you wish to avoid taking duplicate vaccinations, you should contact your physician’s office, obtain a copy of your immunization record, and bring it to your pre-departure orientation. If you have any immunizations prior to Peace Corps service, the Peace Corps cannot reimburse you for the cost. The Peace Corps will provide all the immunizations necessary for your overseas assignment, either at your predeparture orientation or shortly after you arrive in Guatemala.  You do not need to begin taking malaria medication prior to departure.
 
  
Bring a three-month supply of any prescription or over-thecounter medication you use on a regular basis, including birth-control pills. Although the Peace Corps cannot reimburse you for this three-month supply, we will order refills during your service.
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==Frequently Asked questions==
  
While awaiting shipment—which can take several months— you will be dependent on your own medication supplyThe Peace Corps will not pay for herbal or non-prescribed medications, such as St. John’s Wort, glucosamine, or antioxidant supplements.  
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{{Volunteersurvey2008
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|H1r=  2
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|H1s=  84.5
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|H2r=  42
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|H2s= 81.6
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|H3r=  35
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|H3s=  84.3
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|H4r=  30
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|H4s=  106
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|H5r=  1
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|H5s=  65.5
 +
|H6r=  13
 +
|H6s=  96.3
 +
}}
  
You are encouraged to bring copies of medical prescriptions signed by your physician. This is not a requirement, although it might come in handy if you are questioned in transit about your on-hand three-month supply of prescription drugs.
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''Main article: [[FAQs about Peace Corps in Kiribati]]''
  
If you wear eyeglasses, bring two pairs with you—a pair and a spare. If a pair breaks, the Peace Corps will replace it, using the information your doctor in the United States provided on the eyeglasses form during your examination. To reduce the risk of developing a serious infection or other eye disease, we discourage you from using contact lenses during your Peace Corps service. Most Peace Corps countries do not have appropriate water and sanitation to support eye care with the use of contact lenses. The Peace Corps will not supply or replace contact lenses or associated solutions unless their use has been recommended by an ophthalmologist for a specific medical condition and the Peace Corps’ Office of Medical Services has given approval.
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* How much luggage am I allowed to bring to Kiribati?
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* What is the electric current in Kiribati?
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* How much money should I bring?
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* When can I take vacation and have people visit me?
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* Will my belongings be covered by insurance?
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* Do I need an international driver’s license?
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* How can my family contact me in an emergency?
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* Can I call home from Kiribati?
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* Should I bring a cellular phone with me?
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* Will there be e-mail and Internet access? Should I bring my computer?
  
If you are eligible for Medicare, over 50 years of age, or have a health condition that may restrict your future participation in healthcare plans, you may wish to consult an insurance specialist about unique coverage needs before your departure.
 
  
The Peace Corps will provide all necessary healthcare from the time you leave for your pre-departure orientation until you complete your service. When you finish, you will be entitled to the post-service healthcare benefits described in the Peace Corps Volunteer Handbook. You may wish to consider keeping an existing health plan in effect during your service if you think age and/or preexisting conditions might prevent you from reenrolling in your current plan when you return home.
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==Packing List==
  
===Safety and Security—Our Partnership===
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''Main article: [[Packing List for Kiribati]]''
  
Serving as a Volunteer overseas entails certain safety and security risks. Living and traveling in an unfamiliar environment, a limited understanding of the local language and culture, and the perception of being a wealthy American are some of the factors that can put a Volunteer at risk. Property thefts and burglaries are not uncommon. Incidents of physical and sexual assault do occur, although almost all Volunteers complete their two years of service without serious personal safety problems. In addition, more than 84 percent of Volunteers surveyed in the 2004 Peace Corps Volunteer Survey say they would join the Peace Corps again.  
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This list has been compiled by Volunteers serving in Kiribati and is based on their experiences. Use it as an informal guide in making your own list, bearing in mind that experience is individual. There is no perfect list! You obviously cannot bring everything we mention, so consider those items that make the most sense to you personally and professionally. You can always have things sent to you later. As you decide what to bring, keep in mind that you have an 80-pound weight restriction on baggage as far as Peace Corps’ official reimbursement. Air Pacific, which you will take for the last leg of your trip has a 20 kg. (44 lbs.) checked baggage allowance and doesn’t allow large carry-on items. If you are charged extra, Peace Corps/Kiribati will reimburse you, but only up to your 80-pound Peace Corps’ limit. Remember, you can get almost everything you need in Kiribati.
  
The Peace Corps approaches safety and security as a partnership with you. This Welcome Book contains sections on: Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyle; Peace Corps Training; and Your Health Care and Safety. All of these sections include important safety and security information.
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* General Clothing
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* Men
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* Women
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* Shoes
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* Personal Hygiene and Toiletry Items
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* Kitchen
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* Educational Materials
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* Miscellaneous
  
The Peace Corps makes every effort to give Volunteers the tools they need to function in the safest and most secure way possible, because working to maximize the safety and security of Volunteers is our highest priority. Not only do we provide you with training and tools to prepare for the unexpected, but we teach you to identify and manage the risks you may encounter.
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==Peace Corps News==
  
===Factors that Contribute to Volunteer Risk===
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Current events relating to Peace Corps are also available by [[News | country of service]] or [[News by state|your home state]]
  
There are several factors that can heighten a Volunteer’s risk, many of which are within the Volunteer’s control.  
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''The following is automatic RSS feed of Peace Corps news for this country.''<br><rss title=on desc=off>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&ned=us&scoring=n&q=%22peace+corps%22+%22kiribati%22&output=rss|charset=UTF-8|short|date=M d</rss>
  
Based on information gathered from incident reports worldwide in 2004, the following factors stand out as risk characteristics for assaults. Assaults consist of personal crimes committed against Volunteers, and do not include property crimes (such as vandalism or theft).  
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<br>'''[http://peacecorpsjournals.com PEACE CORPS JOURNALS]'''<br>''( As of {{CURRENTDAYNAME}} {{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} {{CURRENTDAY}}, {{CURRENTYEAR}} )''<rss title=off desc=off>http://peacecorpsjournals.com/rss/kr/blog/50.xml|charset=UTF-8|short|max=10</rss>
  
* Location: Most crimes occurred when Volunteers were in public areas (e.g., street, park, beach, public buildings). Specifically, 43 percent of assaults took place when Volunteers were away from their sites.
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==Country Fund==
* Time of day: Assaults usually took place on the weekend during the evening between 5:00 p.m. and 2:00 a.m.— with most assaults occurring around 1:00 a.m.
 
* Absence of others: Assaults ususally occurred when the Volunteer was unaccompanied. In 82 percent of the sexual assaults the Volunteer was unaccompannied and in 55 percent of physical assaults the Volunteer was unaccompanied.
 
* Relationship to assailant: In most assaults, the Volunteer did not know the assailant.
 
* Consumption of alcohol: Forty percent of all assaults involved alcohol consumption by Volunteers and/or assailants.
 
  
===Summary Strategies to Reduce Risk===
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Contributions to the [https://www.peacecorps.gov/index.cfm?shell=resources.donors.contribute.projDetail&projdesc=441-CFD Kiribati Country Fund] will support Volunteer and community projects that will take place in Kiribati. These projects include water and sanitation, agricultural development, and youth programs.
  
Before and during service, your training will address these areas of concern so that you can reduce the risks you face.
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==See also==
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* [[Volunteers who served in Kiribati]]
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* [[List of resources for Kiribati]]
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* [[Pre-Departure Checklist]]
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* [[Inspector General Reports]]
  
For example, here are some strategies Volunteers employ:  
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==External links==
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* [http://www.peacecorpsjournals.com/kr.html Peace Corps Journals - Kiribati]
  
<u>Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of theft: </u>
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[[Category:Kiribati]] [[Category:The Pacific Islands]]
 
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[[Category:Country]]
* Know the environment and choose safe routes/times for travel 
 
* Avoid high-crime areas per Peace Corps guidance
 
* Know the vocabulary to get help in an emergency
 
* Carry valuables in different pockets/places
 
* Carry a “dummy” wallet as a decoy Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of burglary:
 
* Live with a local family or on a family compound
 
* Put strong locks on doors and keep valuables in a lock box or trunk
 
* Leave irreplaceable objects at home in the U.S.
 
* Follow Peace Corps guidelines on maintaining home security Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of assault:
 
* Make local friends
 
* Make sure your appearance is respectful of local customs; don’t draw negative attention to yourself by wearing inappropriate clothing
 
* Get to know local officials, police, and neighbors
 
* Travel with someone whenever possible
 
* Avoid known high crime areas
 
* Limit alcohol consumption
 
 
 
===Support from Staff===
 
 
 
In March 2003, the Peace Corps created the Office of Safety and Security with its mission to “foster improved communication, coordination, oversight, and accountability of all Peace Corps’ safety and security efforts.” The new office is led by an Associate Director for Safety and Security who reports to the Peace Corps Director and includes the following divisions: Volunteer Safety and Overseas Security; Information and Personnel Security; Emergency Preparedness, Plans, Training and Exercise; and Crime Statistics and Analysis.
 
 
 
The major responsibilities of the Volunteer Safety and Overseas Security Division are to coordinate the office’s overseas operations and direct the Peace Corps’ safety and security officers who are located in various regions around the world that have Peace Corps programs. The safety and security officers conduct security assessments; review safety trainings; train trainers and managers; train Volunteer safety wardens, local guards, and staff; develop security incident response procedures; and provide crisis management support.
 
 
 
If a trainee or Volunteer is the victim of a safety incident, Peace Corps staff is prepared to provide support. All Peace Corps posts have procedures in place to respond to incidents of crime committed against Volunteers. The first priority for all posts in the aftermath of an incident is to ensure that the Volunteer is safe and receiving medical treatment as needed.  After assuring the safety of the Volunteer, Peace Corps staff provide support by reassessing the Volunteer’s work site and housing arrangements and making any adjustments, as needed. In some cases, the nature of the incident may necessitate a site or housing transfer. Peace Corps staff will also assist Volunteers with preserving their rights to pursue legal sanctions against the perpetrators of the crime. It is very important that Volunteers report incidents as they occur, not only to protect their peer Volunteers, but also to preserve the future right to prosecute. Should Volunteers decide later in the process that they want to proceed with the prosecution of their assailant, this option may no longer exist if the evidence of the event has not been preserved at the time of the incident.
 
 
 
The country-specific data chart below shows the incidence rates and the average number of incidents of the major types of safety incidents reported by Peace Corps Volunteers/ trainees in Guatemala as compared to all other Inter America and Pacific programs as a whole, from 2000–2004.  It is presented to you in a somewhat technical manner for statistical accuracy.
 
 
 
To fully appreciate the collected data below, an explanation of the graph is provided as follows:
 
 
 
The incidence rate for each type of crime is the number of crime events relative to the Volunteer/trainee population.  It is expressed on the chart as a ratio of crime to Volunteer and trainee years (or V/T years, which is a measure of 12 full months of V/T service) to allow for a statistically valid way to compare crime data across countries. An “incident” is a specific offense, per Peace Corps' classification of offenses, and may involve one or more Volunteer/trainee victims. For example, if two Volunteers are robbed at the same time and place, this is classified as one robbery incident.
 
 
 
The chart is separated into eight crime categories. These include vandalism (malicious defacement or damage of property); theft (taking without force or illegal entry); burglary (forcible entry of a residence); robbery (taking something by force); minor physical assault (attacking without a weapon with minor injuries); minor sexual assault (fondling, groping, etc.); aggravated assault (attacking with a weapon, and/or without a weapon when serious injury results); and rape (sexual intercourse without consent).
 
 
 
When anticipating Peace Corps Volunteer service, you should review all of the safety and security information provided to you, including the strategies to reduce risk. Throughout your training and Volunteer service, you will be expected to successfully complete all training competencies in a variety of areas including safety and security. Once in-country, use the tools and information shared with you to remain as safe and secure as possible.
 
 
 
===What If You Become a Victim of a Violent Crime?===
 
 
 
Few Peace Corps Volunteers are victims of violent crimes. The Peace Corps will give you information and training in how to be safe. But, just as in the U.S., crime happens, and Volunteers can become victims. When this happens, the investigative team of the Office of Inspector General (OIG) is charged with helping pursue prosecution of those who perpetrate a violent crime against a Volunteer. If you become a victim of a violent crime, the decision to prosecute or not to prosecute is entirely yours, and one of the tasks of the OIG is to make sure that you are fully informed of your options and help you through the process and procedures involved in going forward with prosecution should you wish to do so.  If you decide to prosecute, we are here to assist you in every way we can.
 
 
 
Crimes that occur overseas, of course, are investigated and prosecuted by local authorities in local courts. Our role is to coordinate the investigation and evidence collection with the regional security officers (RSOs) at the U.S. embassy, local police, and local prosecutors and others to ensure that your rights are protected to the fullest extent possible under the laws of the country. OIG investigative staff has extensive experience in criminal investigation, in working sensitively with victims, and as advocates for victims. We also, may, in certain limited circumstances, arrange for the retention of a local lawyer to assist the local public prosecutor in making the case against the individual who perpetrated the violent crime.
 
 
 
If you do become a victim of a violent crime, first, make sure you are in a safe place and with people you trust and second, contact the country director or the Peace Corps medical officer. Immediate reporting is important to the preservation of evidence and the chances of apprehending the suspect.  Country directors and medical officers are required to report all violent crimes to the Inspector General and the RSO. This information is protected from unauthorized further disclosure by the Privacy Act. Reporting the crime also helps prevent your further victimization and protects your fellow Volunteers.
 
 
 
In conjunction with the RSO, the OIG does a preliminary investigation of all violent crimes against Volunteers regardless of whether the crime has been reported to local authorities or of the decision you may ultimately make to prosecute. If you are a victim of a crime, our staff will work with you through final disposition of the case. OIG staff is available 24 hours-a-day, 7 days-a-week. We may be contacted through our 24-hour violent crime hotline via telephone at 202.692.2911, or by e-mail at violentcrimehotline@peacecorps.gov.
 
 
 
===Security Issues in Guatemala===
 
 
 
When it comes to your safety and security in the Peace Corps, you have to be willing to adapt your behavior and lifestyle to minimize the potential for being a target of crime. As with anywhere in the world, crime does exist in Guatemala.  You can reduce your risk of becoming a target for crime by avoiding situations that make you feel uncomfortable and by taking advanced precautions. Crime at the village or town level is less frequent than in the large cities; people know each other and generally will not steal from their neighbors.  Tourist attractions, especially in large towns, are the favorite work sites for pickpockets. The following are safety concerns in Guatemala of which you should be aware:
 
 
 
* The percentage of the population that is armed is high due to the carryover from the civil war that ended in 1996.
 
* The desire for lucrative drug trafficking routes has led to an increase in drug-related violence, and by association, police action to combat it. Avoid appearing to endorse drugs or drug culture.
 
* In villages and small towns, citizens frequently take the law into their own hands, dispensing summary justice.  If you are even suspected of posing a threat to public safety, the consequences can be potentially dangerous.
 
* Try to keep non-essential travel to a minimum.
 
* Do not resist robbers. Nothing you own is worth being injured or killed over.
 
* Avoid being out after dark.
 
 
 
===Staying Safe: Don’t Be a Target for Crime ===
 
 
 
You must be prepared to take on the responsibility for your own safety. Only you can make yourself less of a target,
 
 
 
ensure that your house is secure, and develop relations in your community that will make you an unlikely victim of crime. In coming to Guatemala, do what you would do if you moved to a large city in the United States: be cautious, check things out, ask a lot of questions, learn about your neighborhood, know where the more risky locations are, use common sense, and be aware. You can reduce your vulnerability to crime by integrating into your community, learning the local language, acting responsibly, and abiding by the Peace Corps’ policies and procedures. Serving safely and effectively in Guatemala may require that you accept some restrictions to your current lifestyle.
 
 
 
Volunteers are normally more at risk of crime while in large cities; in smaller towns, your new “family,” friends, and colleagues look out for “their” Volunteers. While whistles and exclamations are fairly common on the street, this behavior can be reduced if you dress conservatively, avoid eye contact, and don’t respond to such negative and unwanted attention. In general, keep your money out of sight—use an undergarment money pouch, such as the kind that hangs around your neck and stays hidden under your shirt or inside your coat. Do not keep your money in outside pockets of backpacks, in coat pockets, or in fanny packs. If you walk at night, you should always be with a companion.
 
 
 
Preparing for the Unexpected: Safety Training and Volunteer Support in Guatemala
 
 
 
The Peace Corps’ approach to safety is a five-pronged plan to help you stay safe during your two-year service and includes the following: information sharing; Volunteer training; site selection criteria; a detailed emergency action plan; and protocols for addressing safety and security incidents.  Guatemala’s in-country safety program is outlined below.
 
 
 
The Peace Corps/Guatemala office will keep Volunteers informed of any issues that may impact Volunteer safety through information sharing. Regular updates will be offered in Volunteer newsletters and in memoranda from the country director. In the event of a critical situation or emergency, Volunteers will be contacted through the emergency communication network.
 
 
 
Volunteer training will include sessions to prepare you for specific safety and security issues in Guatemala. This training will prepare you to adopt a culturally appropriate lifestyle and exercise judgment that promotes safety and reduces risk in your home, at work, and while traveling. Safety training is offered throughout your two-year service and is integrated into the language, cross-cultural, health, and other components of training.
 
 
 
Certain site selection criteria are used to determine safe housing for Volunteers before their arrival. Peace Corps staff work closely with host communities and counterpart agencies to help prepare them for the Volunteer’s arrival and to establish expectations of their respective role in supporting the Volunteer. Each site is inspected before the Volunteer’s arrival to ensure placement in appropriate, safe, and secure housing and work sites. Site selection criteria are based in part on any relevant site history; access to medical, banking, postal, and other essential services; availability of communications, transportation, and markets; different housing options and living arrangements; and other support needs.
 
 
 
You will also learn about the country’s detailed emergency action plan, in the event of civil or political unrest or a natural disaster. When you arrive at your site, you will complete and submit a site locator form with your address, contact information, and a map to your house. If there is a security threat, Volunteers in Guatemala will gather at pre-determined locations until the situation resolves itself or the Peace Corps decides to evacuate.
 
 
 
Finally, in order to be fully responsive to the needs of Volunteers, it is imperative that Volunteers immediately report any security incident to the Peace Corps medical officer and/or the on-call Peace Corps/Guatemala duty officer. The Peace Corps has established protocols for addressing safety and security incidents in a timely and appropriate manner.  In addition to responding to the needs of the Volunteer, the Peace Corps collects and evaluates safety and security data to track trends and develop strategies to minimize risks to future Volunteers.
 
 
 
[[Category:Guatemala]]
 
[[Category:Health and Safety]]
 

Revision as of 19:24, 6 November 2010


US Peace Corps
Country name is::Kiribati


Status: In-ACTIVE
Staging: {{#ask:Country staging date::+country name is::Kiribati[[Staging date::>2016-08-28]]

mainlabel=- ?staging date= ?staging city= format=list sort=Staging date

}}


American Overseas Staff (FY2010): {{#ask:2010_pcstaff_salary::+country name is::Kiribati

mainlabel=- ?Grade_staff= ?Lastname_staff= ?Firstname_staff= ?Middlename_staff= ?Initial_staff= ?Salary_staff=$ format=list sort=Grade_staff

}}


Latest Early Termination Rates (FOIA 11-058): {{#ask:Country_early_termination_rate::+country name is::Kiribati

mainlabel=- ?2005_early_termination=2005 ?2006_early_termination=2006 ?2007_early_termination=2007 ?2008_early_termination=2008 format=list

}}


Peace Corps Journals - Kiribati File:Feedicon.gif

250px
Peace Corps Welcome Book
Region:

Pacific Islands

Country Director:

Michael Koffman

Sectors:

Education
Health

Program Dates:

1967 - Present

Current Volunteers:

18

Total Volunteers:

489

Languages Spoken:

I-Kiribati, English

Flag:

150px

__SHOWFACTBOX__

Peace Corps/Kiribati began operations in 1973 with one Volunteer. Peace Corps/Solomon Islands administered the program fielding fewer than 10 Volunteers in various projects but focusing on education assignments. In 1979, the Republic of Kiribati gained independence and 12 health and water sanitation Volunteers arrived in addition to the education Volunteers. The first country director was assigned to Kiribati in 1988.


Peace Corps History

Main article: History of the Peace Corps in Kiribati

The Peace Corps presence in what would become the Republic of Kiribati began with the placement of a single Volunteer in 1973. Until 1988 the program was administered from the Peace Corps office in the Solomon Islands. During the early years, the number of Volunteers remained under 10 per year and assignments included a wide variety of projects. The first major expansion occurred in 1979 when the Republic of Kiribati was formed. Twelve health and water sanitation Volunteers began their service that year. Until 1987 Volunteers numbered between 12 and 18, and programming concentrated on education assignments. With the arrival of the first country director in 1988, the Peace Corps established an independently administered post on Tarawa, the capital of the Republic of Kiribati. From 1990 until 1997 about 15 to 20 Volunteers worked as teacher trainers, focusing on outer island primary schools.


Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyles

Main article: Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyles in Kiribati

All Volunteers in Kiribati are required to live with a host family during training. Volunteers are also assigned a host family, with whom they will live for the entire two years of service. This includes Volunteers living in South Tarawa. Understandably, many Volunteers have difficulty adjusting to this because it means giving up the independent living to which they are accustomed. Household rules, especially for women, are likely to be completely different and feel very restrictive compared to life in the United States. Yet, in most instances, the rewards are great. Living with a family makes it easier to learn the language, offers a much greater understanding of the culture, and ensures a safer and more secure environment for the Volunteer. Much of a Volunteer’s life in Kiribati will be based on interactions with his or her host family, which provide an entrance into the community. Correction: Most volunteers did NOT live with host families during their service and had their own housing, at least in the late 90's and early 2000s.

Volunteers in Kiribati are placed on all of the islands in the Gilbert group. The greatest need is on the outer islands, and that is where almost all Volunteers are assigned. Most of the houses on the outer islands are made from local materials.

Houses have stick walls supported by larger posts in the ground and a thatched roof. Windows have no glass and are cut from sticks. There is usually a socializing buia (a raised platform) next to the house. All houses also have a roki (bathroom), which is either inside the house or nearby. The roki will have a water-sealed pit latrine. Bathing consists of dipping a cup in a bucket and pouring it over you. Clothes are washed by hand in buckets. Water is drawn from a nearby well. Volunteers sleep under mosquito nets. Peace Corps/ Kiribati provides heavy-duty wire fencing (referred to as security wire) to be installed in the Volunteers’ housing.

Training

Main article: Training in Kiribati

Your first stop after leaving your home will be staging, where you will receive last-minute information about service in Kiribati and have the chance to rethink your commitment to Peace Corps service. Your flight to Kiribati may involve a one-night stopover in Fiji. Don’t unpack; you are not there yet! Once you arrive in Kiribati, you will begin the nine-and-one-half-week pre-service training program. One purpose of this training is to help trainees make an informed commitment before they are sworn-in as Peace Corps Volunteers.

Week one takes place on South Tarawa, where you may stay in a modest local hotel. The week includes an initial orientation to Kiribati and Peace Corps staff, along with completion of some preliminary medical and administrative paperwork. There will also be language, cross-cultural, and project overview sessions. During week two, you will visit a current Volunteer at his or her site on an outer island to gain a realistic perspective of Volunteer life and work. This will help you take full advantage of the learning opportunities presented during training. The rest of the training occurs on North Tarawa, where you will be dispersed in small groups to villages away from the training center and live with a host family. Language and cross-cultural instructors accompany each small group and will live and work with you in the community. They will be staying with other host families. Your host family will provide you with lodging and food throughout training. You will come to the training center about once a week as a group for technical, medical, and core training (which covers safety and security, administration, and Peace Corps policies).


Your Health Care and Safety

Main article: Health Care and Safety in Kiribati

The Peace Corps’ highest priority is maintaining the good health and safety of every Volunteer. Peace Corps medical programs emphasize the preventive, rather than the curative, approach to disease. The Peace Corps in Kiribati maintains a clinic with a full-time medical officer, who takes care of Volunteers’ primary healthcare needs. Additional limited medical services, such as evaluation and treatments, are also available in Kiribati at Tungaru Central Hospital. If you become seriously ill, you will be transported to an American-standard medical facility in the region, to Australia, or to the United States.



Diversity and Cross-Cultural Issues

Main article: Diversity and Cross-Cultural Issues in Kiribati

In Kiribati, as in other Peace Corps host countries, Volunteers’ behavior, lifestyles, background, and beliefs will be judged in a cultural context very different from our own. Certain personal perspectives or characteristics commonly accepted in the United States may be quite uncommon, unacceptable, or even repressed.

Outside of Tarawa, residents of the outer islands have had relatively little direct exposure to other cultures, races, religions, and lifestyles. What is viewed as “typical” cultural behavior or norms may be a narrow and selective interpretation, such as the perception in some countries that all Americans are rich and have blond hair and blue eyes. The people of Kiribati are justly known for their generous hospitality to foreigners; however, members of the community in which you will live may display a range of reactions to differences that you present.

  • Possible Issues for Female Volunteers
  • Possible Issues for Volunteers of Color
  • Possible Issues for Senior Volunteers
  • Possible Issues for Gay, Lesbian, or Bisexual Volunteers
  • Possible Religious Issues for Volunteers
  • Possible Issues for Volunteers with Disabilities
  • Possible Issues for Married Volunteers


Frequently Asked questions

Kiribati
2008 Volunteer Survey Results

How personally rewarding is your overall Peace Corps service?|}} Rank:
2008 H1r::2|}}
Score:
2008 H1s::84.5|}}
Today would you make the same decision to join the Peace Corps?|}} Rank:
2008 H2r::42|}}
Score:
2008 H2s::81.6|}}
Would you recommend Peace Corps service to others you think are qualified?|}} Rank:
2008 H3r::35|}}
Score:
2008 H3s::84.3|}}
Do you intend to complete your Peace Corps service?|}} Rank:
2008 H4r::30|}}
Score:
2008 H4s::106|}}
How well do your Peace Corps experiences match the expectations you had before you became a Volunteer?|}} Rank:
2008 H5r::1|}}
Score:
2008 H5s::65.5|}}
Would your host country benefit the most if the Peace Corps program were---?|}} Rank:
2008 H6r::13|}}
Score:
2008 H6s::96.3|}}
2008BVS::Kiribati


Main article: FAQs about Peace Corps in Kiribati

  • How much luggage am I allowed to bring to Kiribati?
  • What is the electric current in Kiribati?
  • How much money should I bring?
  • When can I take vacation and have people visit me?
  • Will my belongings be covered by insurance?
  • Do I need an international driver’s license?
  • How can my family contact me in an emergency?
  • Can I call home from Kiribati?
  • Should I bring a cellular phone with me?
  • Will there be e-mail and Internet access? Should I bring my computer?


Packing List

Main article: Packing List for Kiribati

This list has been compiled by Volunteers serving in Kiribati and is based on their experiences. Use it as an informal guide in making your own list, bearing in mind that experience is individual. There is no perfect list! You obviously cannot bring everything we mention, so consider those items that make the most sense to you personally and professionally. You can always have things sent to you later. As you decide what to bring, keep in mind that you have an 80-pound weight restriction on baggage as far as Peace Corps’ official reimbursement. Air Pacific, which you will take for the last leg of your trip has a 20 kg. (44 lbs.) checked baggage allowance and doesn’t allow large carry-on items. If you are charged extra, Peace Corps/Kiribati will reimburse you, but only up to your 80-pound Peace Corps’ limit. Remember, you can get almost everything you need in Kiribati.

  • General Clothing
  • Men
  • Women
  • Shoes
  • Personal Hygiene and Toiletry Items
  • Kitchen
  • Educational Materials
  • Miscellaneous

Peace Corps News

Current events relating to Peace Corps are also available by country of service or your home state

The following is automatic RSS feed of Peace Corps news for this country.
<rss title=on desc=off>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&ned=us&scoring=n&q=%22peace+corps%22+%22kiribati%22&output=rss%7Ccharset=UTF-8%7Cshort%7Cdate=M d</rss>


PEACE CORPS JOURNALS
( As of Sunday August 28, 2016 )<rss title=off desc=off>http://peacecorpsjournals.com/rss/kr/blog/50.xml%7Ccharset=UTF-8%7Cshort%7Cmax=10</rss>

Country Fund

Contributions to the Kiribati Country Fund will support Volunteer and community projects that will take place in Kiribati. These projects include water and sanitation, agricultural development, and youth programs.

See also

External links