Difference between pages "Training in Philippines" and "Living conditions and volunteer lifestyles in China"

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The goal of pre-service training is to provide you with the language, cross-cultural, community entry, safety and security, and personal and health management skills necessary to work effectively and live successfully at your site.
 
  
As management changes in all Peace Corps posts at least once every 5 years, it should be noted that Pre-Service Training changes methods and policies to better suit the percieved needs of the trainees. Batch 265 (Official swear-in date, June 1, 2006) used the training model shown below:
+
==Communications==
 +
===Mail===
 +
Mail takes a minimum of 10 days to arrive in China from the
 +
United States. Some mail may not arrive (fortunately, this is rare)
 +
or may arrive after having been opened. Advise your family and
 +
friends to number their letters and to include “Airmail” on their
 +
envelopes.
  
Pre-service training has three phases. Phase 1 is a one-week orientation, in which you will learn about the Peace Corps’ role in the Philippines, receive administrative and medical information, and be introduced to Peace Corps policies. Phase 2, which lasts nine weeks, includes community entry/technical skills, language, cross-cultural, safety and security, and personal and health management sessions and activities. This phase takes place both at the hub site and cluster sites in the community. Phase 3 is held three months after you have been at your site. This training focuses on enhancing your capacity to carry out the technical aspects of your role based on your assigned sector and the goals and objectives of your project plan.
+
Your address for the first two months (i.e., during pre-service
 +
training) will be:
  
The training for Batch 266 (Official swear-in August 2007) is similar to that stated above, but Phases 2 and 3 have been merged into one 3 month training.
+
“Your Name”
  
===Technical Training ===
+
U.S.-China Friendship Volunteers
  
Community entry/technical training will help facilitate your entry into your community and serve as a Volunteer in the Philippines. You will be engaged in a variety of community entry activities such as peer and community interviewing, community walks, field observations, mapping, shadowing, and conducting community meetings. You will also visit your site of assignment to get an idea what it is really like to be a Volunteer there. Your training in this component will culminate with your application of community entry tools in planning, implementing, and evaluating a small community activity or project. You will be supported and evaluated by the training staff throughout training to build the confidence and skills you need to undertake your project activities and to be a productive member of your community.
+
Sichuan University – Mail Box 278
  
===Language Training ===
+
No. 29 Wang Jiang Road
  
As a Peace Corps Volunteer, you will find that language skills are the key to personal and professional satisfaction during your service. These skills are critical to your job performance, they help you integrate into your community, and they can ease your personal adaptation to the new surroundings. You must successfully meet minimum language requirements to complete training and become a Volunteer. Experienced Filipino language/cultural facilitators teach formal language classes six days a week in small groups of three to four people.
+
Chengdu, Sichuan 610064
  
Your language training will incorporate a community-based approach. In addition to classroom time, you will be given assignments to work on outside of the classroom and with your host family. The goal is to get you to a point of basic social communication skills so that you can practice and develop language skills further once you are at your site. Prior to being sworn in as a Volunteer, you will work on strategies to continue language studies during service.
+
China (PRC)
  
===Cross-Cultural Training ===
+
You should limit the number of packages sent to the above
 +
address during pre-service training. Do not have packages sent
 +
that will be difficult for you to move to your site or expensive for
 +
you to mail within China. Wait until you know what your
 +
permanent site address will be and then have your packages sent
 +
directly there. Trainees will be responsible for picking up their
 +
own packages at the PC office. Packages received during training
 +
will not be forwarded to your permanent site.
  
As part of your pre-service training, you will live with a Filipino host family. This experience is designed to ease your transition to life at your site. Families go through an orientation conducted by Peace Corps staff to explain the purpose of pre-service training and to assist them in helping you adapt to living in the Philippines. Many Volunteers form strong and lasting friendships with their host families.  
+
===Telephones===
 +
Communicating by telephone in China is relatively easy and
 +
inexpensive. Each Volunteer must have a telephone, either a landline
 +
in his/her apartment or a cell phone, and the basic cost for a
 +
phone line is included in the monthly living allowance. Longdistance
 +
telephone service is generally good, with connections
 +
available to most parts of the world without major delays. If you
 +
are calling from outside a major city, it may take longer for access to an open line. Overseas operators speak and understand basic
 +
English and should have little difficulty placing a call. AT&T,
 +
MCI, and Sprint direct-dial operators can be reached from
 +
Chengdu and from many other sites by dialing a local number.
 +
Domestic direct-dial long-distance calls are also very easy. Calls
 +
to China can be placed inexpensively using calling cards, often for
 +
about 2 cents a minute. Most Volunteers also use local cards that
 +
are widely available and cost about 10 cents a minute. Many
 +
Volunteers use Skype or other VOIP options to make and receive
 +
calls from inside and outside China.
  
 +
===Computer, Internet, and Email Access===
 +
All Peace Corps/China Volunteers will have access to email and
 +
the Internet, although connections can be weak or sporadic.
 +
Although some Volunteers will have access from home, others use
 +
department offices or Internet cafes near their school's campus. It
 +
is the responsibility of the Volunteer to set up and pay for any
 +
Internet service. Funds are provided in the living allowance for
 +
limited Internet usage. If you decide to bring a computer or any
 +
other expensive electronic equipment, we strongly recommend
 +
you purchase personal property insurance.
  
 +
==Housing and Site Location ==
  
Cross-cultural training will help you improve your communication skills and understand your role as a facilitator of development. You will be exposed to topics such as community mobilization, conflict resolution, gender and development, nonformal and adult education strategies, and political structures.  
+
Volunteer sites in China are located from within Chengdu, where
 +
the Peace Corps office is located, to up to 1,200 kilometers (744
 +
miles) away. Many Volunteers live on the campus of the
 +
college/university to which they are assigned and the school
 +
provides housing. All sites have hot water heaters for showering.
 +
However, in the winter, there is an occasional water shortage
 +
when water may not be available for hours at a time. Electricity is
 +
fairly constant, but power failures do occur, especially in winter.
 +
Volunteers live in local faculty housing or in apartments. These
 +
residences have a living room, bedroom, bathroom, kitchen, and
 +
sometimes a study.
  
===Health Training ===
+
==Living and Leave Allowances and Money Management==  
  
During pre-service training, you will be given basic medical training and information. You are expected to practice preventive healthcare and to take responsibility for your own health by adhering to all medical policies. Trainees are required to attend all medical sessions. The topics include preventive health measures and minor and major medical issues that you might encounter while in the Philippines.  Nutrition, mental health, safety and security, setting up a safe living compound, and how to avoid HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are also covered.  
+
All Volunteers will receive a living allowance that is designed to
 +
allow them to live modestly by the standards of the people they
 +
serve, yet not in a manner that would endanger their health or
 +
safety. The current monthly living allowance is 1,410 Yuan
 +
(equivalent to about $220). The allowance is intended to cover the
 +
purchase of food, replacement clothing, local entertainment and
 +
travel, phone line connection, and other incidental expenses.
  
===Safety Training ===
+
You also receive the equivalent of $24 per month for leave
 +
allowance, which is paid on the same schedule as the living
 +
allowance. You will be separately reimbursed for official travel
 +
(Peace Corps conferences, medical checkups, etc.). As a Peace
 +
Corps Volunteer, you are not allowed to accept any other paying
 +
positions during your term, nor can you accept bonus payments or
 +
expensive gifts from schools or other amounts from individuals or
 +
institutions. Any secondary projects, such as tutoring or giving
 +
lectures, must be done without compensation.
  
During the safety and security training sessions, you will learn how to develop a personal safety and security plan for yourself. Information will also be provided to help you adopt a lifestyle that reduces risk in your home, at work, and during your travels. You will learn appropriate, effective strategies for coping with unwanted attention and about your individual responsibility for promoting safety throughout your Peace Corps service. There will be special sessions and training on the post’s emergency action plan so that you become familiar with the various standard operating procedures that have been put in place to help ensure your personal safety and security.  
+
If you need to receive money from the U.S. while in China, a debit
 +
card tied to a U.S. account is the easiest way. Amounts can be
 +
deposited into the account in the U.S. and you can then withdraw
 +
the funds directly in local currency at your site. Credit cards are
 +
rarely accepted in most parts of China, but can be of use for travel
 +
while on leave.
  
+
==Food and Diet==
  
===Additional Trainings During Volunteer Service ===
+
Chinese food varies greatly from the Cantonese-style food that is
 +
typically found in major cities in the United States. Sichuan,
 +
Chongqing, and Guizhou dishes are much spicier and may take
 +
some getting used to, though mild dishes are also available. Gansu
 +
dishes are milder.
  
In its commitment to institutionalize quality training, the Peace Corps has implemented a training system that provides Volunteers with continual opportunities to examine their commitment to Peace Corps service while increasing their technical, language, and cross-cultural skills. During service, there are usually three training events. The titles and objectives for those events are as follows:
+
The staple in Sichuan, Chongqing, and Guizhou is rice. Pork is
 +
also served at almost every meal. Although vegetables abound,
 +
eating in restaurants can be difficult for vegetarians because meat
 +
is often mixed in with dishes featuring tofu or vegetables. The
 +
staple in Gansu is noodles, and beef and mutton are the major
 +
meats. Sichuan and Chongqing dishes also tend to be oily.
  
* In-service training: Provides an opportunity for Volunteers to upgrade their technical, language, and project development and management skills while sharing their experiences and reaffirming their commitment after having served for a few months.  
+
Cooking your own food is cheaper and healthier than eating in
* Mid-service training: Provides an opportunity for Volunteers to review the successes and challenges of their service and the project plan, and provides additional skills training and support.
+
restaurants. Every Volunteer in China has access to a kitchen with
* Close of service conference: Prepares Volunteers for the future after Peace Corps service and reviews their respective projects and personal experiences.  The number, length, and design of these trainings are adapted to country-specific needs and conditions. The key to the training system is that training events are integrated and interrelated, from the pre-departure orientation through the end of your service, and are planned, implemented, and evaluated cooperatively by the training staff, Peace Corps staff, and Volunteers.  
+
a refrigerator and a stovetop.
  
 +
==Transportation==
  
[[Category:Philippines]]
+
Daily travel in many parts of China, including many, but not all,
[[Category:Training|Philippines]]
+
of the areas where Volunteers serve, is often by bicycle. Although
 +
Peace Corps/China does not provide bicycles, many Volunteers
 +
use them as their regular means of transportation. The Peace
 +
Corps requires each Volunteer to wear a bicycle helmet and will
 +
issue one if needed. You are not allowed to drive any motorized
 +
vehicle during your service in China or when you travel to other
 +
countries where there is a Peace Corps program. You are not
 +
allowed to ride on the back of motorcycles or other motorized
 +
vehicles.
 +
 
 +
Buses and minibuses are also a common form of transportation,
 +
and bus service is available within and among all cities and small
 +
towns. Bus transportation, due to the poor condition of some
 +
roads, lack of regular vehicle maintenance, and schedule changes,
 +
is not always reliable, so contingency planning is important. Taxi
 +
service via cars is available in every city.
 +
 
 +
Long-distance travel occurs by air or by train. Although there is
 +
regular air service to most cities in China, official travel is almost
 +
always by train. Train service is reliable and there are sleeper car
 +
options for overnight trips.
 +
 
 +
==Geography and Climate==
 +
 
 +
China is subject to extremes in weather, from bitterly cold to
 +
unbearably hot. All Volunteer sites are cold in the winter, and
 +
several weeks of sustained temperatures in the 25- to 38-degree
 +
Fahrenheit range can be uncomfortable for Americans used to
 +
central heating. Although some heat is provided, rooms will be
 +
cooler than some people prefer. Also, Chinese generally believe
 +
that artificial heat and closed-in areas are unhealthy. Be prepared
 +
to wear several layers of clothing, especially when away from
 +
your residence (including when you are teaching because
 +
classrooms are unheated). Summers in western China, on the other hand, can be hot and humid, with temperatures reaching into the
 +
90s for many days. Most Volunteers’ apartments have air
 +
conditioners and some classrooms have electric fans, but the heat
 +
can be challenging for some people.
 +
 
 +
==Social Activities==
 +
 
 +
The Chinese are generally friendly and pleasant people, but it is
 +
sometimes difficult for foreigners to integrate into Chinese
 +
society. Until fairly recently, social contact between Chinese and
 +
most foreigners was limited to business relationships. Despite the
 +
increased opportunities for interaction, because of markedly
 +
different expectations about friendship roles, it can be challenging
 +
to become friends with a Chinese person in a way that Americans
 +
typically define friendship. Intimate relationships between
 +
Chinese and foreigners, depending on the nature of the
 +
relationship, the location, and the parties involved, can be
 +
sensitive and potentially controversial.
 +
 
 +
Life in western China is generally much slower than life in the
 +
United States. Current Volunteers recommend taking the initiative
 +
in joining activities outside of work, such as learning Chinese
 +
calligraphy, kung fu, mah-jongg, or the board game Go (weiqi);
 +
joining a sports club; or inviting friends and colleagues to go out
 +
for karaoke. Your Volunteer experience will be much richer and
 +
fulfilling if you readily look for cultural-sharing opportunities at
 +
your site.
 +
 
 +
==Professionalism, Dress, and Behavior==
 +
 
 +
Great importance is likely to be attached to neatness and proper
 +
dress, particularly in professional fields. Volunteers should dress
 +
suitably both on and off the job and respect host country and
 +
community attitudes toward personal appearance. Based on
 +
accepted norms for teachers in China, Peace Corps/China has
 +
adopted a dress and appearance code for Volunteers, which is
 +
required during pre-service training, teaching time, office hours,
 +
important social activities, and while visiting the Peace Corps
 +
office in Chengdu. When participating in athletic activities, you
 +
are encouraged to wear modest sports clothes.
 +
 
 +
Appropriate dress includes collared shirts (not T-shirts) and pants
 +
for men (short-sleeve shirts are recommended for summer);
 +
blouses, knee-length skirts, dresses, or dress slacks for women;
 +
and sturdy sandals or closed shoes (not rubber thongs). To meet
 +
Chinese expectations, teachers must dress conservatively. No hats
 +
should be worn during sessions or while teaching; no earrings for
 +
men and only one earring in each lobe for women; no body
 +
piercings for men or women; and any tattoos must be kept covered
 +
at all times. Male teachers are expected to have neat hair. Thus,
 +
short haircuts that are neat and well-kept are required.
 +
Short shorts, revealing or tight clothing, military-style clothing,
 +
spaghetti straps, or flip-flops should not be worn. Walking shorts
 +
(knee length) or culottes, clean jeans and T-shirts, and sandals are
 +
acceptable casual dress
 +
 
 +
===Use of Alcohol===
 +
Peace Corps/China has a policy regarding the use of alcohol by
 +
Volunteers and staff. That policy requires moderation in
 +
consumption and holds Volunteers and staff responsible for
 +
behavior that could harm the reputation of the Peace Corps,
 +
disrespect local cultural traditions, or compromise the personal
 +
health and safety of Volunteers or staff. Should you have personal
 +
concerns about the issue of alcohol use and your interest in being
 +
assigned as a Volunteer to China, please feel free to discuss this
 +
with your recruiter, the China country desk officer, or a Peace
 +
Corps medical staff member.
 +
===Websites and Blogs===
 +
Volunteers and trainees who create their own websites, or post
 +
information to websites that have been created and maintained by
 +
others, should be reminded that (unless password-protected) any
 +
information posted on the Internet can probably be accessed by
 +
the general public, even if that is not intended. They are
 +
responsible for discussing the content in advance with the country
 +
director to ensure that the material is suitable and complies with
 +
general guidelines, as well as any country-specific guidance.
 +
Volunteers and trainees are responsible for ensuring that their IT
 +
use meets Peace Corps general guidelines.
 +
===Photographs===
 +
Volunteers are required to take extreme care in taking, or avoid
 +
taking, photographs of what are clearly or could be perceived as
 +
sensitive areas, including, but not limited to, military installations,
 +
government buildings, police stations, airports, and airplanes.
 +
If you are unsure, it is safer to refrain from taking the photograph.
 +
 
 +
==Personal Safety ==
 +
 
 +
More detailed information about the Peace Corps’ approach to
 +
safety is contained in the “Health Care and Safety” chapter, but it
 +
is an important issue and cannot be overemphasized. As stated in
 +
the Volunteer Handbook, becoming a Peace Corps Volunteer
 +
entails certain safety risks. Living and traveling in an unfamiliar
 +
environment (oftentimes alone), having a limited understanding of
 +
local language and culture, and being perceived as well-off are
 +
some of the factors that can put a Volunteer at risk. Many
 +
Volunteers experience varying degrees of unwanted attention and
 +
harassment. Petty thefts and burglaries are not uncommon, and
 +
incidents of physical and sexual assault do occur, although most
 +
China Volunteers complete their two years of service without
 +
incident. The Peace Corps has established procedures and policies
 +
designed to help you reduce your risks and enhance your safety
 +
and security. These procedures and policies, in addition to safety
 +
training, will be provided once you arrive in China. Using these
 +
tools, you are expected to take responsibility for your safety and
 +
well-being.
 +
 
 +
Each staff member at the Peace Corps is committed to providing
 +
Volunteers with the support they need to successfully meet the
 +
challenges they will face to have a safe, healthy, and productive
 +
service. We encourage Volunteers and families to look at our
 +
safety and security information on the Peace Corps website at
 +
www.peacecorps.gov/safety.
 +
 
 +
Information on these pages gives messages on Volunteer health
 +
and Volunteer safety. There is a section titled “Safety and Security
 +
—Our Partnership.” Among topics addressed are the risks of serving as a Volunteer, posts’ safety support systems, and
 +
emergency planning and communications.
 +
 
 +
==Rewards and Frustrations==
 +
 
 +
Serving as a Peace Corps Volunteer may be the most rewarding
 +
thing you do in your life, and living in China is likely to be an
 +
extraordinary experience. But many Westerners find that they
 +
have to adjust to living in China, and that day-to-day life here presents some challenges.
 +
Not feeling accepted by Chinese is a common experience. Staring,
 +
name-calling (e.g., waiguoren or laowai), and seemingly impolite
 +
shouts of “Hello!” followed by giggling are all things you may
 +
face on a daily basis. This is by no means considered acceptable
 +
behavior by most Chinese, but at times it may seem that way.
 +
 
 +
Although staring is unnerving to most Americans, it is not meant
 +
to be offensive. In China, it is OK to stare intensely at anything or
 +
anyone. This can be a source of frustration and even friction as
 +
you begin to feel more integrated into Chinese culture. You may
 +
always stand out in a crowd, so you will have little of the
 +
anonymity you might enjoy in other places where you are
 +
unknown. You might be asked very personal questions (e.g., about
 +
your age, weight, or income) by Chinese, but that is a way for
 +
them to show a friendly interest in you. The American desire for
 +
privacy is not always understood and, therefore, not often
 +
honored. At some campuses, officials have keys to on-campus
 +
housing and may feel free to enter your apartment to check on
 +
things while you are out.
 +
 
 +
Casual dating is not common and is discouraged. High school
 +
students are forbidden to have a boyfriend or girlfriend, and
 +
relationships between college students are everyone’s business.
 +
Serious dating is noticed because of the general lack of privacy.
 +
Because gaining a bad reputation in China can destroy a young
 +
woman's relationship with her family, a Westerner who wants to
 +
date a Chinese must realize that such dating is a delicate matter for
 +
the Chinese person involved.
 +
 
 +
Volunteers may become frustrated with aspects of Chinese cities,
 +
such as a seeming lack of traffic regulations, restrooms, and other public facilities that do not meet expected standards of cleanliness,
 +
and a general lack of building and equipment maintenance.
 +
 
 +
[[Category:China]]

Revision as of 09:08, 8 December 2015

Country Resources

Communications

Mail

Mail takes a minimum of 10 days to arrive in China from the United States. Some mail may not arrive (fortunately, this is rare) or may arrive after having been opened. Advise your family and friends to number their letters and to include “Airmail” on their envelopes.

Your address for the first two months (i.e., during pre-service training) will be:

“Your Name”

U.S.-China Friendship Volunteers

Sichuan University – Mail Box 278

No. 29 Wang Jiang Road

Chengdu, Sichuan 610064

China (PRC)

You should limit the number of packages sent to the above address during pre-service training. Do not have packages sent that will be difficult for you to move to your site or expensive for you to mail within China. Wait until you know what your permanent site address will be and then have your packages sent directly there. Trainees will be responsible for picking up their own packages at the PC office. Packages received during training will not be forwarded to your permanent site.

Telephones

Communicating by telephone in China is relatively easy and inexpensive. Each Volunteer must have a telephone, either a landline in his/her apartment or a cell phone, and the basic cost for a phone line is included in the monthly living allowance. Longdistance telephone service is generally good, with connections available to most parts of the world without major delays. If you are calling from outside a major city, it may take longer for access to an open line. Overseas operators speak and understand basic English and should have little difficulty placing a call. AT&T, MCI, and Sprint direct-dial operators can be reached from Chengdu and from many other sites by dialing a local number. Domestic direct-dial long-distance calls are also very easy. Calls to China can be placed inexpensively using calling cards, often for about 2 cents a minute. Most Volunteers also use local cards that are widely available and cost about 10 cents a minute. Many Volunteers use Skype or other VOIP options to make and receive calls from inside and outside China.

Computer, Internet, and Email Access

All Peace Corps/China Volunteers will have access to email and the Internet, although connections can be weak or sporadic. Although some Volunteers will have access from home, others use department offices or Internet cafes near their school's campus. It is the responsibility of the Volunteer to set up and pay for any Internet service. Funds are provided in the living allowance for limited Internet usage. If you decide to bring a computer or any other expensive electronic equipment, we strongly recommend you purchase personal property insurance.

Housing and Site Location

Volunteer sites in China are located from within Chengdu, where the Peace Corps office is located, to up to 1,200 kilometers (744 miles) away. Many Volunteers live on the campus of the college/university to which they are assigned and the school provides housing. All sites have hot water heaters for showering. However, in the winter, there is an occasional water shortage when water may not be available for hours at a time. Electricity is fairly constant, but power failures do occur, especially in winter. Volunteers live in local faculty housing or in apartments. These residences have a living room, bedroom, bathroom, kitchen, and sometimes a study.

Living and Leave Allowances and Money Management

All Volunteers will receive a living allowance that is designed to allow them to live modestly by the standards of the people they serve, yet not in a manner that would endanger their health or safety. The current monthly living allowance is 1,410 Yuan (equivalent to about $220). The allowance is intended to cover the purchase of food, replacement clothing, local entertainment and travel, phone line connection, and other incidental expenses.

You also receive the equivalent of $24 per month for leave allowance, which is paid on the same schedule as the living allowance. You will be separately reimbursed for official travel (Peace Corps conferences, medical checkups, etc.). As a Peace Corps Volunteer, you are not allowed to accept any other paying positions during your term, nor can you accept bonus payments or expensive gifts from schools or other amounts from individuals or institutions. Any secondary projects, such as tutoring or giving lectures, must be done without compensation.

If you need to receive money from the U.S. while in China, a debit card tied to a U.S. account is the easiest way. Amounts can be deposited into the account in the U.S. and you can then withdraw the funds directly in local currency at your site. Credit cards are rarely accepted in most parts of China, but can be of use for travel while on leave.

Food and Diet

Chinese food varies greatly from the Cantonese-style food that is typically found in major cities in the United States. Sichuan, Chongqing, and Guizhou dishes are much spicier and may take some getting used to, though mild dishes are also available. Gansu dishes are milder.

The staple in Sichuan, Chongqing, and Guizhou is rice. Pork is also served at almost every meal. Although vegetables abound, eating in restaurants can be difficult for vegetarians because meat is often mixed in with dishes featuring tofu or vegetables. The staple in Gansu is noodles, and beef and mutton are the major meats. Sichuan and Chongqing dishes also tend to be oily.

Cooking your own food is cheaper and healthier than eating in restaurants. Every Volunteer in China has access to a kitchen with a refrigerator and a stovetop.

Transportation

Daily travel in many parts of China, including many, but not all, of the areas where Volunteers serve, is often by bicycle. Although Peace Corps/China does not provide bicycles, many Volunteers use them as their regular means of transportation. The Peace Corps requires each Volunteer to wear a bicycle helmet and will issue one if needed. You are not allowed to drive any motorized vehicle during your service in China or when you travel to other countries where there is a Peace Corps program. You are not allowed to ride on the back of motorcycles or other motorized vehicles.

Buses and minibuses are also a common form of transportation, and bus service is available within and among all cities and small towns. Bus transportation, due to the poor condition of some roads, lack of regular vehicle maintenance, and schedule changes, is not always reliable, so contingency planning is important. Taxi service via cars is available in every city.

Long-distance travel occurs by air or by train. Although there is regular air service to most cities in China, official travel is almost always by train. Train service is reliable and there are sleeper car options for overnight trips.

Geography and Climate

China is subject to extremes in weather, from bitterly cold to unbearably hot. All Volunteer sites are cold in the winter, and several weeks of sustained temperatures in the 25- to 38-degree Fahrenheit range can be uncomfortable for Americans used to central heating. Although some heat is provided, rooms will be cooler than some people prefer. Also, Chinese generally believe that artificial heat and closed-in areas are unhealthy. Be prepared to wear several layers of clothing, especially when away from your residence (including when you are teaching because classrooms are unheated). Summers in western China, on the other hand, can be hot and humid, with temperatures reaching into the 90s for many days. Most Volunteers’ apartments have air conditioners and some classrooms have electric fans, but the heat can be challenging for some people.

Social Activities

The Chinese are generally friendly and pleasant people, but it is sometimes difficult for foreigners to integrate into Chinese society. Until fairly recently, social contact between Chinese and most foreigners was limited to business relationships. Despite the increased opportunities for interaction, because of markedly different expectations about friendship roles, it can be challenging to become friends with a Chinese person in a way that Americans typically define friendship. Intimate relationships between Chinese and foreigners, depending on the nature of the relationship, the location, and the parties involved, can be sensitive and potentially controversial.

Life in western China is generally much slower than life in the United States. Current Volunteers recommend taking the initiative in joining activities outside of work, such as learning Chinese calligraphy, kung fu, mah-jongg, or the board game Go (weiqi); joining a sports club; or inviting friends and colleagues to go out for karaoke. Your Volunteer experience will be much richer and fulfilling if you readily look for cultural-sharing opportunities at your site.

Professionalism, Dress, and Behavior

Great importance is likely to be attached to neatness and proper dress, particularly in professional fields. Volunteers should dress suitably both on and off the job and respect host country and community attitudes toward personal appearance. Based on accepted norms for teachers in China, Peace Corps/China has adopted a dress and appearance code for Volunteers, which is required during pre-service training, teaching time, office hours, important social activities, and while visiting the Peace Corps office in Chengdu. When participating in athletic activities, you are encouraged to wear modest sports clothes.

Appropriate dress includes collared shirts (not T-shirts) and pants for men (short-sleeve shirts are recommended for summer); blouses, knee-length skirts, dresses, or dress slacks for women; and sturdy sandals or closed shoes (not rubber thongs). To meet Chinese expectations, teachers must dress conservatively. No hats should be worn during sessions or while teaching; no earrings for men and only one earring in each lobe for women; no body piercings for men or women; and any tattoos must be kept covered at all times. Male teachers are expected to have neat hair. Thus, short haircuts that are neat and well-kept are required. Short shorts, revealing or tight clothing, military-style clothing, spaghetti straps, or flip-flops should not be worn. Walking shorts (knee length) or culottes, clean jeans and T-shirts, and sandals are acceptable casual dress

Use of Alcohol

Peace Corps/China has a policy regarding the use of alcohol by Volunteers and staff. That policy requires moderation in consumption and holds Volunteers and staff responsible for behavior that could harm the reputation of the Peace Corps, disrespect local cultural traditions, or compromise the personal health and safety of Volunteers or staff. Should you have personal concerns about the issue of alcohol use and your interest in being assigned as a Volunteer to China, please feel free to discuss this with your recruiter, the China country desk officer, or a Peace Corps medical staff member.

Websites and Blogs

Volunteers and trainees who create their own websites, or post information to websites that have been created and maintained by others, should be reminded that (unless password-protected) any information posted on the Internet can probably be accessed by the general public, even if that is not intended. They are responsible for discussing the content in advance with the country director to ensure that the material is suitable and complies with general guidelines, as well as any country-specific guidance. Volunteers and trainees are responsible for ensuring that their IT use meets Peace Corps general guidelines.

Photographs

Volunteers are required to take extreme care in taking, or avoid taking, photographs of what are clearly or could be perceived as sensitive areas, including, but not limited to, military installations, government buildings, police stations, airports, and airplanes. If you are unsure, it is safer to refrain from taking the photograph.

Personal Safety

More detailed information about the Peace Corps’ approach to safety is contained in the “Health Care and Safety” chapter, but it is an important issue and cannot be overemphasized. As stated in the Volunteer Handbook, becoming a Peace Corps Volunteer entails certain safety risks. Living and traveling in an unfamiliar environment (oftentimes alone), having a limited understanding of local language and culture, and being perceived as well-off are some of the factors that can put a Volunteer at risk. Many Volunteers experience varying degrees of unwanted attention and harassment. Petty thefts and burglaries are not uncommon, and incidents of physical and sexual assault do occur, although most China Volunteers complete their two years of service without incident. The Peace Corps has established procedures and policies designed to help you reduce your risks and enhance your safety and security. These procedures and policies, in addition to safety training, will be provided once you arrive in China. Using these tools, you are expected to take responsibility for your safety and well-being.

Each staff member at the Peace Corps is committed to providing Volunteers with the support they need to successfully meet the challenges they will face to have a safe, healthy, and productive service. We encourage Volunteers and families to look at our safety and security information on the Peace Corps website at www.peacecorps.gov/safety.

Information on these pages gives messages on Volunteer health and Volunteer safety. There is a section titled “Safety and Security —Our Partnership.” Among topics addressed are the risks of serving as a Volunteer, posts’ safety support systems, and emergency planning and communications.

Rewards and Frustrations

Serving as a Peace Corps Volunteer may be the most rewarding thing you do in your life, and living in China is likely to be an extraordinary experience. But many Westerners find that they have to adjust to living in China, and that day-to-day life here presents some challenges. Not feeling accepted by Chinese is a common experience. Staring, name-calling (e.g., waiguoren or laowai), and seemingly impolite shouts of “Hello!” followed by giggling are all things you may face on a daily basis. This is by no means considered acceptable behavior by most Chinese, but at times it may seem that way.

Although staring is unnerving to most Americans, it is not meant to be offensive. In China, it is OK to stare intensely at anything or anyone. This can be a source of frustration and even friction as you begin to feel more integrated into Chinese culture. You may always stand out in a crowd, so you will have little of the anonymity you might enjoy in other places where you are unknown. You might be asked very personal questions (e.g., about your age, weight, or income) by Chinese, but that is a way for them to show a friendly interest in you. The American desire for privacy is not always understood and, therefore, not often honored. At some campuses, officials have keys to on-campus housing and may feel free to enter your apartment to check on things while you are out.

Casual dating is not common and is discouraged. High school students are forbidden to have a boyfriend or girlfriend, and relationships between college students are everyone’s business. Serious dating is noticed because of the general lack of privacy. Because gaining a bad reputation in China can destroy a young woman's relationship with her family, a Westerner who wants to date a Chinese must realize that such dating is a delicate matter for the Chinese person involved.

Volunteers may become frustrated with aspects of Chinese cities, such as a seeming lack of traffic regulations, restrooms, and other public facilities that do not meet expected standards of cleanliness, and a general lack of building and equipment maintenance.