Difference between pages "Inter-America and Pacific" and "File:State Flag of Texas.svg"

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Since the Peace Corps’ inception in 1961, more
than 73,000 Volunteers have served in the Inter-
America and Pacific (IAP) region. They have served
in more than 32 countries in the Inter-Americas and
14 countries in the Pacific Islands. At the end of fiscal
year (FY) 2006, 2,501 Volunteers were working in 23
posts in all six of the agency’s sectors: agriculture, business
development, education, the environment, health
and HIV/AIDS, and youth. Additional countries in the
Pacific and South America continue to be interested
in establishing Peace Corps programs.
The region is committed to ensuring the safety
and security of all Volunteers. All IAP posts have
trained safety and security coordinators. In addition,
three regional Peace Corps safety and security officers,
stationed in El Salvador, Fiji, and Peru, help posts
assess risks and ensure appropriate training for staff
and Volunteers. Each post has an emergency action
plan, which is tested and revised at least once every
year. Headquarters staff is trained to review posts’
emergency plans and to support field staff in crisis
Peace Corps Volunteers and their counterparts
have become active, productive participants in the
President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR),
the five-year, multi-billion-dollar initiative to combat
the global HIV/AIDS pandemic. For example,
in Guyana, Volunteers are focusing on community
mobilization strategies to prevent HIV/AIDS and to
improve access to existing services. They help reach out
to vulnerable groups, including orphans and vulnerable
children, by working with the Ministry of Health
and local nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) on
national programs focused on prevention and care.
They also work with health centers and communities
to help facilitate community health assessments,
design and implement health education projects,
and train health center staff and community leaders.
Volunteers are working with health centers and NGOs
to help Guyana address the HIV/AIDS pandemic as
well as other diseases, such as tuberculosis, malaria,
and dengue fever. Other Volunteers worked to mobilize
communities to attend health education outreach sessions,
encouraging community members to be tested at HIV/AIDS testing facilities. These testing facilities
will help lower mother-to-child transmission of
In FY 2006, Peace Corps programs in the
Dominican Republic, Eastern Caribbean, and Panama
received PEPFAR funding to carry out technical assistance
to community-based organizations, offer small
assistance grants, and organize behavioral change and
monitoring and reporting workshops for HIV/AIDS
prevention and education.
Many Volunteers in the IAP region work in traditional
sectors, such as water and sanitation. For
example, Volunteers in Bolivia improve sanitary conditions
by designing and constructing water systems that
provide potable water to rural communities. They also
help organize water boards to take over maintenance
of these systems to ensure sustainability.
In Honduras, Volunteers promote sustainable
production techniques to improve soil conservation
as well as to increase the diversity of crops, enhancing
food security and family incomes. To improve family
nutrition and income, Volunteers introduce improved
vegetable and small animal production methods to
women working in agriculture.
In Mexico, Volunteers are now assigned to
work with SEMARNAT, Mexico’s Ministry for the
Environment and Natural Resources. Volunteers
focus on issues related to combating deforestation,
forest fires, and soil erosion; promoting conservation
of biodiversity and natural habitats; and improving
management of national parks and wildlife reserves.
In many IAP countries, Peace Corps’ traditional
sectors are melding with some of the newer cross-cutting
areas such as youth development and technology.
Many programs target youth to develop life skills,
leadership skills, and employability. In the Dominican
Republic, for instance, Volunteers engage young
people in activities ranging from business education
to strategic planning to technical assistance. In rural
communities, Volunteers work with farmers’ markets
and agricultural cooperatives to introduce e-marketing
and website development.
In Samoa, the education project includes a focus
on information and communication technology.
Volunteers work with teachers and counterparts in computer studies, helping them update curricula and
lesson plans for years 9–13 and providing assistance
to teachers to access materials and resources for their
classes. Volunteers also help teach computer skills to
youth and help teachers establish computer labs.
In Vanuatu, Fiji, and other Pacific posts, Volunteers
are working with marine protected areas and other
marine conservation projects. Volunteers in Vanuatu
partnered with a U.S. conservation foundation to
promote costal resource ecotourism.
Volunteers have left a significant legacy of service
to countries in the IAP region. Since the agency’s
inception in 1961, Peace Corps Volunteers have served
continuously in the Eastern Caribbean island of St.
Lucia. The Peace Corps has also partnered with other
countries for more than 40 years and will continue to
work to the benefit of people throughout the Inter-
Americas and the Pacific.
==External Links==
[http://www.peacecorps.gov/multimedia/pdf/policies/peacecorps_cbj_2008.pdf Congressional Budget Justification 2008] Peace Corps website (PDF, 47MB)

Revision as of 15:20, 1 September 2009