Difference between pages "History of the Peace Corps in Ukraine" and "History of the Peace Corps in Bolivia"

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{{History of the Peace Corps by country}}
 
{{History of the Peace Corps by country}}
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The Peace Corps initially entered Bolivia in 1962 with a group of health Volunteers. The program continued to grow over the next nine years, with Volunteers working in public health, agriculture, and community development in rural communities and in education in both urban and rural areas.
  
The opening of Peace Corps programs in the Newly Independent States corresponded with the beginning of the end of decades of mistrust and hostility between the United States and the former communist governments in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. In the decade that Peace Corps Volunteers have worked in Ukraine, they and their Ukrainian counterparts have faced and overcome a wide range of challenges. Suspicions harbored for years are difficult to overcome. Ambiguity and economic instability have been the norm in Ukraine during the difficult transition to integration with the West. Working and living in a country that is simultaneously deconstructing and reconstructing can often be confusing and frustrating. The Peace Corps has always prided itself on its ability to provide flexible and adaptable Volunteers, and the program in Ukraine truly tests this ability.  
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In 1970, a coup installed a leftist military government.  A number of economic, political, and social circumstances strained the formerly cordial relationship between Bolivia and the United States. At the same time, a popular 1969 Bolivian movie, Yawar Mallku (Blood of the Condor), strongly suggested that Peace Corps Volunteers were sterilizing indigenous women. While the film’s director denied any association and the film itself was not a documentary, many Bolivians believed the movie to be factual. Public sentiment toward the Peace Corps became increasingly antagonistic, and in 1971, the Peace Corps was expelled from Bolivia.  
  
The formal agreement establishing Peace Corps/Ukraine was signed in May 1992 in Washington, D.C., by former Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk and former U.S. President George Bush. Since the first group of Volunteers arrived in Ukraine in 1992, more than 1,000 Volunteers have worked in three project areas: business development, teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL), and environmental protection.  Currently, more than 300 Volunteers work in more than 100 cities and towns throughout the country’s 24 provinces and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.
 
  
==Peace Corps Future in Ukraine ==
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===History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in Bolivia===
  
The first group of volunteers arrived in Kyiv, "City of Lights", on November 15, 1992. The group consisted of 53 Business Development trainees. After a rigorous training, 48 volunteers entered service in January, 1993. Antics ensured.
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In 1989, the government of Bolivia invited the Peace Corps back, and on April 1, 1990, 11 Volunteers arrived in La Paz. Each of them had already completed two years of Peace Corps service in another country and extended for a third year to facilitate the Peace Corps’ return to Bolivia. Working in the departments (states) of Chuquisaca and Tarija, they paved the way for the Peace Corps’ reentry.  
  
The community economic development project, launched in 2006, addresses two realities within the context of development in Ukraine. First, Ukraine currently possesses incomplete institutional structures, such as widespread private ownership or a sound banking system, to support the process of economic transition. Second, there is no collective memory of a free-market system and civil society within the society. The community economic development project seeks to establish cooperation and partnerships among three sectors of society: business, government, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to strengthen their common development work. This includes facilitation and transfer of free-market professional skills as well as citizenship skills at multiple levels. Volunteers provide assistance to institutions, including schools and universities; to NGOs; and to government structures at regional and municipal levels. Volunteers in this project have primary assignments as educators or facilitators. Many of the Volunteers working with NGOs work at a grassroot level building stronger participation and initiative among local people to address common community needs. Approximately one quarter of community economic development Volunteers are placed in educational institutions; they are not placed with private businesses, but some may be placed at business centers that provide consulting and training to a variety of people wanting to start or expand small businesses. Volunteers placed at governmental institutions work on initiating new projects that target community growth on a local level in the areas of social and economic development.  
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Many development indicators rank Bolivia as one of the poorest countries in the Western hemisphere. The repercussions of this extreme poverty are manifest throughout the country in high rates of maternal and infant mortality and preventable health disorders, an ineffective educational system, inadequate basic infrastructure, limited access to economic markets and technology, inefficient agricultural production, and environmental degradation.  
  
Ukraine has a long history of valuing education for its citizens, and the study of languages has been an integral component of the national curriculum. Throughout the history of conquests and various rulers, the citizens of Ukraine fought to maintain the right to study, learn, and publish in Ukrainian. In 1920, however, Russian was declared the official language, and all study, official documents, and most published materials were in Russian. Following independence in 1991, Ukrainian was declared the official language with the mandate that educational institutions switch to Ukrainian curricula and instruction. At a time when all components of the educational system are attempting to implement a Ukrainian medium of instruction, there is a growing demand from parents and students for increased instruction in English. These two developments place enormous strain upon an already stretched system.  
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The Peace Corps’ long-term goals in Bolivia mirror those of the Bolivian government and people: To eradicate poverty and provide-at the community level-the knowledge, tools, and capacities to help people improve their own lives.  
  
In response to these initiatives, the Peace Corps launched a TEFL project in Ukraine in September 1993. The project was developed in response to the needs identified in the state’s national program and through a baseline survey of Ukrainian students, teachers, and ministry officials. Volunteers in the TEFL project work to expand and improve the quality of English instruction in schools and at teacher-training institutions, and to assist in developing new English teaching materials for primary and secondary schools.  
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Up to September 2008, about 140 Volunteers worked in five project areas: agriculture (production and marketing), basic sanitation (water systems, latrines, and solid waste disposal), integrated education (nutrition, hygiene, and sanitation education), microenterprise development (business education and community-based tourism), and natural resources (microwatershed restoration and improvement and environmental education). Volunteers in different projects often work together in an integrated and holistic approach to community development.  
  
Like conditions in Ukraine, Peace Corps programs here continue to evolve. Volunteers in all projects have defined their roles as agents of change, contributing in a variety of ways to the development of Ukraine into a modern European state. As this occurs, new opportunities for Peace Corps programming emerge.  
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Bolivia is a large and vastly diverse country with extensive development needs. Peace Corps Volunteers uniquely address those needs at the grass-roots level.  
  
A youth development project was created in 2005 at the request of the Ukrainian government to address the growing gap between the development levels of young people in most urban centers and those in rural and otherwise disadvantaged areas. As many urban Ukrainians are quickly gaining the skills they need to succeed in the new post-Soviet social and economic framework that increasingly characterizes independent Ukraine, children in villages and other economically depressed parts of the country risk falling behind in acquiring the skills and knowledge that they will need to succeed. Youth development Volunteers work with secondary schools, orphanages, and NGOs in small- and medium-sized towns to develop and administer youth programs on healthy lifestyles, civics, information technology (IT), environmental awareness, career building, and sports.
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In September 2008, Peace Corps Bolivia was withdrawn and the programs "temporarily suspended" due to deteriorating political relationships btween the US government and President Evo Morales of Boliva.
 
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==Assignment History==
+
  
 +
===Assignment History===
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align="center" | '''[[Sector]]''' || '''[[Assignment]]''' || '''[[Beg. Yr]]''' || '''[[End. Yr]]'''
 
| align="center" | '''[[Sector]]''' || '''[[Assignment]]''' || '''[[Beg. Yr]]''' || '''[[End. Yr]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Agriculture]]'''
+
| rowspan="5" align="center"| '''[[Agriculture]]'''
 
| [[Ag Economics]]
 
| [[Ag Economics]]
| [[2000]]
+
| [[1995]]
| [[2001]]
+
| [[2008]]
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="5" align="center"| '''[[Business]]'''
+
| [[Ag Extension]]
| [[Business Advising]]
+
| [[1991]]
 +
| [[2008]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Apiculture]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Crop Extension]]
 +
| [[1962]]
 +
| [[2008]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Soil Science]]
 
| [[1992]]
 
| [[1992]]
 +
| [[1996]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="7" align="center"| '''[[Business]]'''
 +
| [[Accounting]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Business Advising]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Business Development]]
 
| [[Business Development]]
| [[1994]]
+
| [[2001]]
 +
| [[2007]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Computer Science]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Cooperatives]]
 
| [[Cooperatives]]
| [[1995]]
+
| [[1990]]
| [[1995]]
+
| [[1997]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[NGO Advising]]
 
| [[NGO Advising]]
| [[1997]]
+
| [[2004]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Urban and Regional Planning]]
 
| [[Urban and Regional Planning]]
 
| [[1998]]
 
| [[1998]]
| [[2001]]
+
| [[2007]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Crisis Corps]]'''
 +
| [[Crisis Corps]]
 +
| [[1998]]
 +
| [[1998]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="7" align="center"| '''[[Education]]'''
 +
| [[Art Education]]
 +
| [[1998]]
 +
| [[1998]]
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="4" align="center"| '''[[Education]]'''
 
 
| [[English Teacher]]
 
| [[English Teacher]]
| [[1993]]
+
| [[1966]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[1991]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[English Teacher Trainer]]
+
| [[Fisheries Fresh]]
| [[1994]]
+
| [[1989]]
 +
| [[1989]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Gen. Construction]]
 +
| [[2004]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Prim-Ed/Teach Trn]]
+
| [[Industrial Arts]]
| [[1993]]
+
| [[1967]]
| [[2005]]
+
| [[1970]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Univ. English Teaching]]
+
| [[Prim-Ed/Teach Trn]]
| [[1998]]
+
| [[2002]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Environment]]'''
+
| [[Voc. Trainer]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="4" align="center"| '''[[Environment]]'''
 
| [[Comm Forestry Ext]]
 
| [[Comm Forestry Ext]]
| [[1997]]
+
| [[1990]]
| [[1997]]
+
| [[2000]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Environmental Ed.]]
 
| [[Environmental Ed.]]
| [[1997]]
+
| [[1992]]
| [[2004]]
+
| [[2008]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Forestry]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
| [[2008]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Protected Areas Management]]
 
| [[Protected Areas Management]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="5" align="center"| '''[[Health]]'''
 +
| [[Envir. and Water Resource]]
 +
| [[1962]]
 +
| [[2007]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Health Degreed]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
| [[2005]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Health Extension]]
 
| [[1997]]
 
| [[1997]]
| [[2001]]
+
| [[2007]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Home Econ/Ext.]]
 +
| [[1962]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Hygiene Ed/Sanitation]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
| [[2007]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Master's International]]'''
 +
| [[Masters Internationalist]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Other]]'''
 
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Other]]'''
 
| [[Unique Skill]]
 
| [[Unique Skill]]
| [[1992]]
+
| [[1990]]
| [[1994]]
+
| [[1990]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[UNV]]'''
 
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[UNV]]'''
 
| [[United Nations Volunteer]]
 
| [[United Nations Volunteer]]
| [[2002]]
+
| [[1975]]
| [[2002]]
+
| [[1975]]
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Youth and Community Development]]'''
+
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Youth and Community Development]]'''
 
| [[Commun. Serv/Deg.]]
 
| [[Commun. Serv/Deg.]]
| [[1995]]
+
| [[1962]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
| [[2007]]
|-
 
| [[Youth Development]]
 
| [[2006]]
 
| [[2006]]
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
+
[[Category:Bolivia]]
[[Category:Ukraine]]
+

Latest revision as of 12:51, 8 December 2015

Country Resources

The Peace Corps initially entered Bolivia in 1962 with a group of health Volunteers. The program continued to grow over the next nine years, with Volunteers working in public health, agriculture, and community development in rural communities and in education in both urban and rural areas.

In 1970, a coup installed a leftist military government. A number of economic, political, and social circumstances strained the formerly cordial relationship between Bolivia and the United States. At the same time, a popular 1969 Bolivian movie, Yawar Mallku (Blood of the Condor), strongly suggested that Peace Corps Volunteers were sterilizing indigenous women. While the film’s director denied any association and the film itself was not a documentary, many Bolivians believed the movie to be factual. Public sentiment toward the Peace Corps became increasingly antagonistic, and in 1971, the Peace Corps was expelled from Bolivia.


History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in Bolivia[edit]

In 1989, the government of Bolivia invited the Peace Corps back, and on April 1, 1990, 11 Volunteers arrived in La Paz. Each of them had already completed two years of Peace Corps service in another country and extended for a third year to facilitate the Peace Corps’ return to Bolivia. Working in the departments (states) of Chuquisaca and Tarija, they paved the way for the Peace Corps’ reentry.

Many development indicators rank Bolivia as one of the poorest countries in the Western hemisphere. The repercussions of this extreme poverty are manifest throughout the country in high rates of maternal and infant mortality and preventable health disorders, an ineffective educational system, inadequate basic infrastructure, limited access to economic markets and technology, inefficient agricultural production, and environmental degradation.

The Peace Corps’ long-term goals in Bolivia mirror those of the Bolivian government and people: To eradicate poverty and provide-at the community level-the knowledge, tools, and capacities to help people improve their own lives.

Up to September 2008, about 140 Volunteers worked in five project areas: agriculture (production and marketing), basic sanitation (water systems, latrines, and solid waste disposal), integrated education (nutrition, hygiene, and sanitation education), microenterprise development (business education and community-based tourism), and natural resources (microwatershed restoration and improvement and environmental education). Volunteers in different projects often work together in an integrated and holistic approach to community development.

Bolivia is a large and vastly diverse country with extensive development needs. Peace Corps Volunteers uniquely address those needs at the grass-roots level.

In September 2008, Peace Corps Bolivia was withdrawn and the programs "temporarily suspended" due to deteriorating political relationships btween the US government and President Evo Morales of Boliva.

Assignment History[edit]

Sector Assignment Beg. Yr End. Yr
Agriculture Ag Economics 1995 2008
Ag Extension 1991 2008
Apiculture 1990 1990
Crop Extension 1962 2008
Soil Science 1992 1996
Business Accounting 1990 1990
Business Advising 1990 2007
Business Development 2001 2007
Computer Science 2002 2007
Cooperatives 1990 1997
NGO Advising 2004 2007
Urban and Regional Planning 1998 2007
Crisis Corps Crisis Corps 1998 1998
Education Art Education 1998 1998
English Teacher 1966 1991
Fisheries Fresh 1989 1989
Gen. Construction 2004 2007
Industrial Arts 1967 1970
Prim-Ed/Teach Trn 2002 2007
Voc. Trainer 1992 1992
Environment Comm Forestry Ext 1990 2000
Environmental Ed. 1992 2008
Forestry 1990 2008
Protected Areas Management 1991 1992
Health Envir. and Water Resource 1962 2007
Health Degreed 2002 2005
Health Extension 1997 2007
Home Econ/Ext. 1962 1990
Hygiene Ed/Sanitation 1992 2007
Master's International Masters Internationalist 1991 1991
Other Unique Skill 1990 1990
UNV United Nations Volunteer 1975 1975
Youth and Community Development Commun. Serv/Deg. 1962 2007