Difference between pages "History of the Peace Corps in China" and "History of the Peace Corps in East Timor"

From Peace Corps Wiki
(Difference between pages)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (1 revision imported)
 
 
Line 5: Line 5:
  
  
In March 1988, the Chinese foreign minister and then-Secretary of State George Shultz agreed in principle to place Peace Corps Volunteers in China. A year later, an exchange of letters signed by the U.S. ambassador and the secretary general of the China Education Association for International Exchange (CEAIE) and the Peace Corps opened the way to establish a Peace Corps post in Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province.  
+
East Timor (more correctly known as Timor Loro sa’e, or “Timor of the Rising Sun”) was the first new Peace Corps program of the 21st century. The invitation to the Peace Corps to work in East Timor originated with the provisional government and was transmitted to senior government and Peace Corps officials in the United States. President George W. Bush, in his State of the Union address in January 2002, specifically mentioned East Timor in the context of a growing Peace Corps presence throughout the world.  
  
In June 1989, the first group of trainees for Peace Corps/ China began training in the United States. However, following the Tiananmen Square incident, the training was canceled; the China program was temporarily suspended and the trainees were offered assignments in other countries.  
+
Peace Corps staff worked to establish the fledgling Peace Corps program before the official independence of the new country on May 20, 2002. On May 21, former President Bill Clinton congratulated the Peace Corps on its entry into East Timor during his speech in the country’s capital as he officially opened the U.S. embassy and the U.S. mission in the country.  The diplomatic note formally establishing the Peace Corps program was signed soon afterward by Nobel Peace Laureate and East Timorese Minister of Foreign Affairs José Ramos-Horta.  
  
The first group of 18 Peace Corps Volunteers to be sent to China arrived for their training in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, in June 1993. Following training in teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL), Chinese language, and cross-cultural issues, the 18 trainees swore-in as Volunteers in August 1993. They were posted to Sichuan Province, which at that time also included what later became the separate political entity known as the municipality of Chongqing. This group was viewed by the Chinese as a two-year experiment to determine whether Peace Corps was appropriate for China.  Those Volunteers completed their service and returned to the United States on schedule in the summer of 1995. The Peace Corps country agreement was not signed until June 29, 1998.  
+
The first group of 19 Volunteers arrived in East Timor on June 21, 2002, as third-year extending Volunteers, representing more than 10 countries where Peace Corps Volunteers served.  
  
In 1999, the Peace Corps program moved in Guizhou Province. In 2000, the program moved into Gansu Province. The Chinese government decided to hive off what became known as the Municipality of Chongqing in 1997. This change in political status had the effect of creating a fourth political jurisdiction in which the Peace Corps operates. In April 2003 the Peace Corps pulled out of China during the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) crisis. Volunteers returned to China in July 2004. From the start of the program in 1993 through September 2006, there have been 287 Peace Corps Volunteers who have served in China. As of September 2006, there were 104 Peace Corps Volunteers serving in-country.  
+
As experienced Volunteers, they were able to prepare a foundation for the future. The first group of new Volunteers arrived in April 2003 to work in local governance and community health services promotion.Two more groups arrived in 2004 and one group in 2005, with Volunteers serving in both health promotion and rural community development.  
  
Since the Peace Corps began work in China in 1993 up until the present time TEFL has been the main program area. From 2000 until 2006, the Peace Corps also had an environmental education program.  
+
As a new program, Peace Corps/East Timor is in an ongoing learning process about the country and its needs. As such, our two projects, community development and health promotion, continue to evolve. This means as new Peace Corps Volunteers you should expect that your project may change during your service, and that assignments may not precisely follow original formal job descriptions.  
  
At the national level, the Peace Corps comes under the China Education Association for International Exchange (CEAIE), which is affiliated with the Ministry of EducationCEAIE is the largest non–governmental organization (NGO) in international educational exchange in China. Founded in 1981, CEAIE has a mission of promoting Chinese educational development and enhancing understanding and friendship between Chinese and international educational communities through international exchange and cooperation. Since its establishment, it has developed cooperative linkages with more than 100 educational organizations and institutions in approximately 30 countries and regions.
+
[http://www.sociology-papers.com/essay-on-racism.html Sociology essay on Racism]
 +
===History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in East Timor ===
 +
 
 +
Administratively, East Timor is divided into 13 districts, each with a district capital where district administrations are located. Each district encompasses a number of subdistricts, much like counties in the United States. Within each subdistrict are villages and hamlets governed by either or both traditional and elected village chiefs. Since the start of Peace Corps in East Timor, we have been working to meet the basic community development needs in areas such as organizational development, health promotion, small-scale agriculture, water and sanitation, nutrition, environment, HIV/AIDs, and women’s and youth development. Peace Corps/East Timor’s community development project is integrated around several objectives:
 +
 
 +
* Increased participation of rural communities and community-based organizations in defining, implementing, and managing grass-roots project activities;
 +
* Enhancement of traditional food and livelihood security strategies through training and orientation in gardening, small-income generation, and nutrition; 
 +
* Greater and more significant participation of women and youth in all facets of community-level projects and development activities; and
 +
* An emphasis on collaborative projects and activities that link communities and organizations and promote self-reliance and decreased dependency on outside donors.  The 13 administrative districts also host district health management centers, village clinics, and mobile clinics. These provide preventive and treatment services. While the main job of district health management teams is responding to immediate health needs, Volunteers help these teams with preventive health education and promotion activitiesVolunteers target community members, especially youth, women, and children because these sectors of the population are usually the most in need and the benefits that accrue are typically the most dramatic, long-term, and sustainable.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Volunteers also focus on capacity-building with health service providers. In East Timor, the legacy of the Indonesian occupation means that most current service providers have never done health extension work and often face many other challenges in the management of their everyday work.  
 +
 
 +
In addition to community development and health promotion, Peace Corps/East Timor focuses on “global initiatives” that cut across project lines and provide secondary work opportunities for Volunteers in all project areas. These initiatives include information and communications technology, HIV/AIDS education and prevention, girls’ education, and the environment. Other areas that may be avenues for Peace Corps support in the future include agroforestry and cooperative/small business promotion.
 +
 
 +
The development needs in rural East Timor are enormous and cover a wide range of project areas. Volunteers are encouraged to identify “secondary projects” in their communities that address real needs as well as tap into their own particular interests and backgrounds.
 +
 
 +
Most Volunteers work with youth—supporting and training youth groups, doing geography projects, and developing after-school activities such as sports clubs. Other popular secondary project areas are teaching English and computer skills, especially to women and youth. Several Volunteers are strengthening small community groups, from women’s clubs to a pottery cooperative. Still others are doing small-scale demonstration gardening and dry-land permaculture.
 +
 
 +
===Assignment History===
  
==Assignment History==
 
  
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
Line 23: Line 42:
 
| align="center" | '''[[Sector]]''' || '''[[Assignment]]''' || '''[[Beg. Yr]]''' || '''[[End. Yr]]'''
 
| align="center" | '''[[Sector]]''' || '''[[Assignment]]''' || '''[[Beg. Yr]]''' || '''[[End. Yr]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Business]]'''
+
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Agriculture]]'''
 +
| [[Ag Extension]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
| [[2004]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Crop Extension]]
 +
| [[2004]]
 +
| [[2005]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Business]]'''
 
| [[Business Advising]]
 
| [[Business Advising]]
| [[2000]]
+
| [[2002]]
| [[2000]]
+
| [[2002]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[NGO Advising]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
| [[2003]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Urban and Regional Planning]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
| [[2003]]
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="5" align="center"| '''[[Education]]'''
+
| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Education]]'''
 
| [[English Teacher]]
 
| [[English Teacher]]
| [[1989]]
+
| [[2002]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[2002]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[English Teacher Trainer]]
+
| [[Fisheries Fresh]]
| [[1989]]
+
| [[2004]]
 
| [[2004]]
 
| [[2004]]
|-
 
| [[Literacy Ed.]]
 
| [[1989]]
 
| [[1989]]
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Prim-Ed/Teach Trn]]
 
| [[Prim-Ed/Teach Trn]]
| [[2006]]
+
| [[2002]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[2002]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Univ. English Teaching]]
+
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Environment]]'''
| [[1996]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
|-
 
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Environment]]'''
 
 
| [[Environmental Ed.]]
 
| [[Environmental Ed.]]
| [[2000]]
+
| [[2002]]
 
| [[2004]]
 
| [[2004]]
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Master's International]]'''
+
| [[Forestry]]
| [[Masters Internationalist]]
+
| [[2002]]
| [[2001]]
+
| [[2002]]
| [[2001]]
+
|-
 +
| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Health]]'''
 +
| [[Health Degreed]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Health Extension]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
| [[2005]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Hygiene Ed/Sanitation]]
 +
| [[2003]]
 +
| [[2005]]
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[UNV]]'''
+
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Other]]'''
| [[United Nations Volunteer]]
+
| [[Unique Skill]]
| [[1981]]
+
| [[2005]]
 +
| [[2005]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Youth and Community Development]]'''
 +
| [[Commun. Serv/Deg.]]
 
| [[2002]]
 
| [[2002]]
 +
| [[2005]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Youth Development]]
 +
| [[2004]]
 +
| [[2004]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
[[Category:China]]
+
[[Category:East Timor]]

Revision as of 08:01, 9 December 2011

History of the Peace Corps
vvZFOeV9RWw|250}}
Since 1960, when then Senator John F. Kennedy challenged students at the University of Michigan to serve their country in the cause of peace by living and working in developing countries, more than 182,000 Peace Corps Volunteers have served in 138 countries all over the globe.

See also:



East Timor (more correctly known as Timor Loro sa’e, or “Timor of the Rising Sun”) was the first new Peace Corps program of the 21st century. The invitation to the Peace Corps to work in East Timor originated with the provisional government and was transmitted to senior government and Peace Corps officials in the United States. President George W. Bush, in his State of the Union address in January 2002, specifically mentioned East Timor in the context of a growing Peace Corps presence throughout the world.

Peace Corps staff worked to establish the fledgling Peace Corps program before the official independence of the new country on May 20, 2002. On May 21, former President Bill Clinton congratulated the Peace Corps on its entry into East Timor during his speech in the country’s capital as he officially opened the U.S. embassy and the U.S. mission in the country. The diplomatic note formally establishing the Peace Corps program was signed soon afterward by Nobel Peace Laureate and East Timorese Minister of Foreign Affairs José Ramos-Horta.

The first group of 19 Volunteers arrived in East Timor on June 21, 2002, as third-year extending Volunteers, representing more than 10 countries where Peace Corps Volunteers served.

As experienced Volunteers, they were able to prepare a foundation for the future. The first group of new Volunteers arrived in April 2003 to work in local governance and community health services promotion.Two more groups arrived in 2004 and one group in 2005, with Volunteers serving in both health promotion and rural community development.

As a new program, Peace Corps/East Timor is in an ongoing learning process about the country and its needs. As such, our two projects, community development and health promotion, continue to evolve. This means as new Peace Corps Volunteers you should expect that your project may change during your service, and that assignments may not precisely follow original formal job descriptions.

Sociology essay on Racism

History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in East Timor

Administratively, East Timor is divided into 13 districts, each with a district capital where district administrations are located. Each district encompasses a number of subdistricts, much like counties in the United States. Within each subdistrict are villages and hamlets governed by either or both traditional and elected village chiefs. Since the start of Peace Corps in East Timor, we have been working to meet the basic community development needs in areas such as organizational development, health promotion, small-scale agriculture, water and sanitation, nutrition, environment, HIV/AIDs, and women’s and youth development. Peace Corps/East Timor’s community development project is integrated around several objectives:

  • Increased participation of rural communities and community-based organizations in defining, implementing, and managing grass-roots project activities;
  • Enhancement of traditional food and livelihood security strategies through training and orientation in gardening, small-income generation, and nutrition;
  • Greater and more significant participation of women and youth in all facets of community-level projects and development activities; and
  • An emphasis on collaborative projects and activities that link communities and organizations and promote self-reliance and decreased dependency on outside donors. The 13 administrative districts also host district health management centers, village clinics, and mobile clinics. These provide preventive and treatment services. While the main job of district health management teams is responding to immediate health needs, Volunteers help these teams with preventive health education and promotion activities. Volunteers target community members, especially youth, women, and children because these sectors of the population are usually the most in need and the benefits that accrue are typically the most dramatic, long-term, and sustainable.


Volunteers also focus on capacity-building with health service providers. In East Timor, the legacy of the Indonesian occupation means that most current service providers have never done health extension work and often face many other challenges in the management of their everyday work.

In addition to community development and health promotion, Peace Corps/East Timor focuses on “global initiatives” that cut across project lines and provide secondary work opportunities for Volunteers in all project areas. These initiatives include information and communications technology, HIV/AIDS education and prevention, girls’ education, and the environment. Other areas that may be avenues for Peace Corps support in the future include agroforestry and cooperative/small business promotion.

The development needs in rural East Timor are enormous and cover a wide range of project areas. Volunteers are encouraged to identify “secondary projects” in their communities that address real needs as well as tap into their own particular interests and backgrounds.

Most Volunteers work with youth—supporting and training youth groups, doing geography projects, and developing after-school activities such as sports clubs. Other popular secondary project areas are teaching English and computer skills, especially to women and youth. Several Volunteers are strengthening small community groups, from women’s clubs to a pottery cooperative. Still others are doing small-scale demonstration gardening and dry-land permaculture.

Assignment History

Sector Assignment Beg. Yr End. Yr
Agriculture Ag Extension 2002 2004
Crop Extension 2004 2005
Business Business Advising 2002 2002
NGO Advising 2002 2003
Urban and Regional Planning 2002 2003
Education English Teacher 2002 2002
Fisheries Fresh 2004 2004
Prim-Ed/Teach Trn 2002 2002
Environment Environmental Ed. 2002 2004
Forestry 2002 2002
Health Health Degreed 2002 2002
Health Extension 2002 2005
Hygiene Ed/Sanitation 2003 2005
Other Unique Skill 2005 2005
Youth and Community Development Commun. Serv/Deg. 2002 2005
Youth Development 2004 2004