Difference between pages "Timeline" and "Health care and safety in Bolivia"

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{{Health care and safety by country}}
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The Peace Corps’ highest priority is maintaining the good health and safety of every Volunteer. Peace Corps medical programs emphasize the preventive, rather than the curative, approach to disease. Peace Corps/Bolivia maintains a clinic in the Cochabamba office with a full-time and several part-time medical officers who take care of Volunteers’ primary healthcare needs. Additional medical services, such as <span class="plainlinks">[http://goo.gl/qkYud<span style="color:black;font-weight:normal; text-decoration:none!important;  background:none!important; text-decoration:none;">century 21 broker properti jual beli sewa rumah Indonesia</span>] testing and basic treatment, are also available in Bolivia at local, American-standard laboratories, clinics, and hospitals. If you become seriously ill, you will be transported either to the closest American-standard medical facility in the region or to the United States.
  
HELLO, Peace Corps Invitees!                     
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===Health Issues in Bolivia===
  
Just scroll down until you see your country, and then just follow the pattern like the line above it. If you make a mistake, no problem!           
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Altitude sickness, malaria, leishmaniasis, Chagas’ disease, infectious diarrhea, tuberculosis, and hepatitis are among the diseases that commonly occur in the Bolivian population.  Preparing for and adjusting to altitude is discussed in detail at the end of this section.  
  
It is organized both by country and by date. You can add to both categories or just one, but it would be helpful for organization to add to both.              
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Because malaria is endemic in some areas of Bolivia, taking an antimalarial medication and sleeping inside a mosquito net are mandatory for Volunteers assigned to those regions. Leishmaniasis, a parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of some species of sand flies, can be prevented by wearing protective clothing and insect repellent and avoiding the outdoors when sand flies are most active (dusk to dawn). Chagas’ disease, which is transmitted via the bite of a reduviid bug, is also endemic in many areas of Bolivia. This disease can also be prevented by sleeping in a mosquito net (provided by Peace Corps) and by living in a house with well-plastered walls and screened doors and windows.  
  
Don't forget to click 'Save Page' at the bottom to save your changes!
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Following instructions to ensure that your food and water are fresh and cleaned appropriately will help you avoid stomach bacteria and intestinal parasites. You may also be exposed to colds, flu, and other respiratory illnesses. Taking standard precautions (e.g., washing your hands frequently, taking the provided vitamins, etc.) will reduce your risk of becoming ill.
  
There are actually four different places to add a new invitation. (We are working on a way to make it more efficient)
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===Altitude Sickness===
a) TIMELINE, by date and country (where you are now)
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b) DEPARTURES BY MONTH page
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c) Individual [COUNTRY] page
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d) Specific MONTH_YEAR page
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Please add to as many places as you feel comfortable. Thanks! =)
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Approximately 25 percent of people arriving in La Paz or other high-altitude locations experience an unpleasant period of acclimatization that may persist for a few days. Symptoms of altitude sickness include headache, nausea, vomiting, respiratory distress, and insomnia. Although there seems to be a genetic predisposition to altitude sickness, it is not possible to tell in advance who will have problems.  Those <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.peacecorpswiki.org/April_1985<span style="color:black;font-weight:normal; text-decoration:none!important;  background:none!important; text-decoration:none;">century 21 broker properti jual beli sewa rumah Indonesia</span>] who have had previous difficulties are likely to have similar problems each time they go to altitudes above 8,000 to 10,000 feet. Those with preexisting medical problems or respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis, or pneumonia should delay travel until they are fully recovered. Individuals with hypertension, diabetes, angina pectoris, asthma, or emphysema should see a physician for clearance prior to visiting high altitudes. La Paz is at almost 12,000 feet, while Cochabamba, site of the training center and Peace Corps office, is at 8,000 feet.
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<center><div style="border-right: 1px solid white; border-bottom: 1px solid white; background: yellow none repeat scroll 0% 0%; width: 20em; text-align: center; margin-right: 1em; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; font-size: 120%;"><div style="border: 1px solid rgb(170, 170, 170);"><div style="border-top: 1px solid white; border-left: 1px solid white;"><span class="plainlinks"> '''[http://peacecorpswiki.org/Timeline?title=Timeline&action=edit Click here to add your country or date!]'''</span></div></div></div></center> <!-- (End of Code for the Button) -->                                             
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<br><center><big>'''''(Receive an [[Help:Watching_pages | automatic e-mail notification]] when this page has been updated!)'''''</big></center>          
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[[Image:Pc-invite.jpg|thumb|left|"'''Congratulations!''' It is with great pleasure that we invite you to begin training in..."]][[Image:Invitepaperwork.JPG|thumb|right|''"Speaking of overwhelming...." (Invitee)'']] Please be sure to '''only''' add [[{{CURRENTYEAR}}]] invitations. We only want those, ''nothing'' from any "unofficial directories" we know of, and '''no''' speculations. Please remember that departures can always change, and this should be a guide only, nothing is set in stone. Especially in the Peace Corps! :)                                       
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==Timeline==
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There are two approaches to minimizing the unpleasant symptoms of altitude sickness: taking prophylaxis prior to arrival and treating symptoms after arrival. The health unit at the U.S. embassy in La Paz recommends that adults take 125 milligrams of the prescription drug Diamox (acetazolamide) by mouth twice a day for two days prior to travel, on the day of flight, and for three days after arrival. (Diamox is not recommended if you are allergic to sulfa drugs.)
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| width=20% | <div style="font-size: 13pt">'''By Date'''</div>             
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| width=20% | [http://peacecorpswiki.org/Timeline?title=Timeline&action=edit edit]
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Whether or not you take Diamox prior to traveling to Bolivia, there are a number of steps you can take to prevent or treat altitude sickness after your arrival:
[[2015]]
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[[January]] 10 = [[Burkina Faso]] <br>
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# Drink plenty of fluids. You need considerably more fluids than your normal intake. Avoid alcoholic drinks initially, and drink only in moderation after several days. Limit carbonated drinks, or allow them to go flat before drinking them. Limit mineral water because of the high salt content. Gatorade can be very helpful, since it provides fluid and electrolytes.
[[January]] 10 = [[Thailand]] <br>
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# Reduce food intake. Frequent small, light meals are best. Physicians in Bolivia recommend increasing carbohydrate intake (e.g., pasta and potatoes) and eating desserts or candy.
[[January]] 12 = [[Ethiopia]] <br>
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# Limit your activities. Although you should avoid overexertion, the frequently given advice to lie down during the initial hours at high altitude can actually increase a headache if overdone. Athletic adults are more likely to develop serious complications, so avoid intense physical activity until you are well adapted. 
[[January]] 23 = [[Vanuatu]] <br>
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# Use recommended medications if necessary. Other than Diamox, acetaminophen or aspirin (two tablets every four hours) taken with a full glass of water is the best medicine for an altitude headache. Avoid other medications for what is commonly known as “soroche,” such as Coramine, Micoren, or diuretics other than Diamox. They can increase symptoms or even be dangerous. Coca tea cannot be used in any form for altitude sickness or for rehydration.
[[January]] 27 = [[Ecuador]] <br>
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# It is unlikely that you will need oxygen, but if you experience shortness of breath or a severe headache, inform the Peace Corps medical officer or any staff member immediately.
[[February]] 2-3 = [[Ghana]] <br>
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[[February]] 9 = [[Zambia]] <br>
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[[February]]  = [[Madagascar]] <br>
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[[February]] 27 = [[Senegal]] <br>
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===Helping You Stay Healthy===
[[March]] 6 = [[Paraguay]] <br>
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[[March]] 17 = [[El Salvador]] <br>
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[[March]] 9 = [[Costa Rica]] <br>
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[[April]] 20 = [[Guyana]] <br>
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[[May]] 6 = [[Peru]] <br>
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[[June]] 1 = [[Ghana]] <br>
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The Peace Corps will provide you with all the necessary inoculations, medications, and information to stay healthy.  Upon your arrival in Bolivia, you will receive a medical handbook. At the end of training, you will receive a medical kit with supplies to take care of mild illnesses and first-aid needs. The contents of the kit are listed later in this chapter.
[[June]] 2 = [[The Gambia]] <br>
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[[June]] 2 = [[Moldova]] <br>
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[[June]] 22 = [[Benin]] <br>
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[[July]] 3 = [[Philippines]] <br>
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During pre-service training, you will have access to basic medical supplies through the training center medical officer.  However, you will be responsible for your own supply of prescription drugs and any other specific medical supplies you require, as the Peace Corps will not order these items during training. Please bring a three-month supply of any prescription drugs you use, since they may not be available here and it may take several months for shipments to arrive.  Also, please try to switch to generic forms of any medications you take before coming to Bolivia.
  
[[2014]]
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You will have physicals midway through your service and at the end of your service. If you develop a serious medical problem during your service, the medical officer in Bolivia will consult with the Office of Medical Services in Washington, D.C. If it is determined that your condition cannot be treated in Bolivia, you may be sent out of the country for further evaluation and care.
  
[[January]] 10 = [[Thailand]] <br>
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===Maintaining Your Health===
January 13 = [[Morocco]] <br>
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January 14 = [[Ecuador]] <br>
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January 22 = [[South Africa]] <br>
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January 23 = [[Vanuatu]] <br>
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January 28 = [[El Salvador]] <br>
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January 29 = [[Paraguay]] <br>
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[[February]] 3-4 = [[Zambia]] <br>
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As a Volunteer, you must accept a certain amount of responsibility for your own health. Proper precautions will significantly reduce your risk of serious illness or injury.  The adage “An ounce of prevention ...” becomes extremely important in areas where diagnostic and treatment facilities are not up to the standards of the United States. Your most important responsibility in Bolivia is to take preventive measures to avoid altitude sickness, malaria, leishmaniasis, Chagas’ disease, food- and waterborne intestinal disorders, respiratory illnesses, alcohol- and drug-related problems, STDs, skin disorders, minor injuries, and sunburn and heatstroke.
February 4 = [[Ghana]] <br>
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February 10 = [[Ethiopia]] <br>
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February 11 = [[Guatemala]] <br>
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February 11 = [[Madagascar]] <br>
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February 12 = [[Tanzania]] <br>
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February 18 =[[Panama]] <br>
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[[March]] 3 = [[Senegal]] <br>
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Many illnesses that afflict Volunteers worldwide are entirely preventable if proper food and water precautions are taken.  These include food poisoning, parasitic infections, hepatitis A, dysentery, tapeworms, and typhoid fever. Your medical officer will discuss specific standards for water and food preparation in Bolivia during pre-service training.
March 4 = [[Nicaragua]] <br>
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March 4 = [[Dominican Republic]] <br>
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March 10 = [[Jamaica]] <br>
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March 10 = [[Namibia]] <br>
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March 10 = [[Costa Rica]] <br>
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March 15 = [[Indonesia]] <br>
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March 17 = [[Albania]] <br>
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March 17 = [[Mexico]] <br>
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March 31 = [[Azerbaijan]] <br>
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[[April 23]] = [[Kyrgyz Republic]] <br>
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Abstinence is the only certain choice for preventing infection with HIV and other STDs. You are taking risks if you choose to be sexually active. To lessen the risk, use a condom every time you have sex. Whether your partner is a host country citizen, a fellow Volunteer, or anyone else, do not assume this person is free of HIV/AIDS or other STDs. You will receive more information from the medical officer about this important issue.
April 27 = [[Georgia]] <br>
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April 28 = [[Guyana]] <br>
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[[May]] 27 = [[Cameroon]] <br>
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Volunteers are expected to adhere to an effective means of birth control to prevent an unplanned pregnancy. Your medical officer can help you decide on the most appropriate method to suit your individual needs. Contraceptive methods are available without charge from the medical officer.
May 13 = [[Ecuador]] <br>
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May 28 = [[Mozambique]] <br>
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May 21 = [[Paraguay]] <br>
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May 29 = [[Mongolia]] <br>
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[[June]] 2 = [[Burkina Faso]] <br>
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It is critical to your health that you promptly report to the medical office or other designated facility for scheduled immunizations and that you let your medical officer know immediately of significant illnesses and injuries.
June 3 = [[Uganda]] <br>
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June 3 = [[Micronesia and Palau]] <br>
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June 3 = [[Lesotho]] <br>
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June 4 = [[Moldova]] <br>
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June 6 = [[Kosovo]] <br>
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June 5 = [[Malawi]] <br>
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June 10 = [[Zambia]] <br>
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June 10 = [[Madagascar]] <br>
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June 17 = [[Panama]] <br>
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June 19= [[China]] <br>
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June 22= [[Benin]] <br>
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June 26 = [[Belize]] <br>
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June 30 = [[Ethiopia]] <br>
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[[July]] 7 = [[Philippines]] <br>
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===Women’s Health Information===
[[July]] 8 = [[Costa Rica]] <br>
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July 10 = [[Cambodia]] <br>
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July 15 = [[El Salvador]] <br>
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[[August]] 10 = [[Botswana]] <br>
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Pregnancy is treated in the same manner as other Volunteer health conditions that require medical attention but also have programmatic ramifications. The Peace Corps is responsible for determining the medical risk and the availability of appropriate medical care if the Volunteer remains in-country.  Given the circumstances under which Volunteers live and work in Peace Corps countries, it is rare that the Peace Corps’ medical and programmatic standards for continued service during pregnancy can be met.
[[August]] 12 = [[Nicaragua]] <br>
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[[August]] 26 = [[Armenia]] <br>
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September 3 = [[Fiji]] <br>
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If feminine hygiene products are not available for you to purchase at your site or the closest departmental capital, the Peace Corps medical officer in Bolivia will provide them. If you require a specific feminine hygiene product, please bring a three-month supply with you.
September 5 = [[Nepal]] <br>
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September 9 = [[Rwanda]] <br>
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September 9 = [[Cameroon]] <br>
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September 11 = [[Peru]] <br>
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September 12 = [[Macedonia]] <br>
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September 17 = [[Paraguay]] <br>
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September 22 = [[Senegal]] <br>
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[[October]] 9 = [[Lesotho]] <br>
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===Your Peace Corps Medical Kit===
[[October]] 14 =[[Guatemala]] <br>
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[[October]] 14 = [[The Gambia]] <br>
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[[October]]  14=[[Jordan]]<br>
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[[November]] 12 = [[Uganda]] <br>
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[[2013]]
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The Peace Corps medical officer provides Volunteers with a medical kit that contains basic items necessary to prevent and treat illnesses that may occur during service. Kit items can be periodically restocked at the medical office.
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[[January]] 11 = [[Thailand]] <br>
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January 14 = [[Morocco]] <br>
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January 15 = [[Ecuador]] <br>
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January 24 = [[South Africa]] <br>
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January 29 = [[El Salvador]] <br>
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[[February]] 10 = [[Ethiopia]] <br>
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====Medical Kit Contents====
February 11 = [[Zambia]] <br>
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February 12 = [[Guatemala]] <br>
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February 13 = [[Paraguay]] <br>
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February 19 = [[Panama]]  <br>
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[[March]] 4 = [[Madagascar]] <br>  
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Ace bandages <br>
March 5 = [[Senegal]] <br>  
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Adhesive tape  <br>
March 5 = [[Malawi]] <br>  
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Antacid tablets  <br>
March 5 = [[The Gambia]] <br>  
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Antibiotic ointment (Bacitracin/Neomycin/Polymycin B)  <br>
March 5 = [[Dominican Republic]] <br>
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Antiseptic antimicrobial skin cleaner (Hibiclens) <br>
March 11 = [[Jamaica]] <br>
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Band-Aids  <br>
March 11 = [[Costa Rica]] <br>
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Calamine lotion  <br>
March 15 = [[Nicaragua]] <br>
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Cough suppresant tablets  <br>
March 18 = [[Albania]] <br>
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Condoms  <br>
March 23 = [[Uganda]] <br>
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Dental floss  <br>
March 25 = [[Ukraine]] <br>
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Diphenhydramine HCL 25&nbsp;mg (Benadryl)  <br>
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American Red Cross First Aid & Safety Handbook  <br>
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Eye wash  <br>
 +
Gauze pads  <br>
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Hydrocortisone Cream  <br>
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Ibuprofren 200&nbsp;mg. tablets  <br>
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Insect repellent  <br>
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Iodine tablets (for water purification)  <br>
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Latex gloves  <br>
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Lip moisturizer with SPF 15  <br>
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Oral rehydration salts  <br>
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Oral thermometer (Fahrenheit)  <br>
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Pepto Bismol tablets  <br>
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Pseudoephedrine HCL 30&nbsp;mg (Sudafed)  <br>
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Scissors  <br>
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Sterile gauze pads  <br>
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Tinactin (antifungal cream)  <br>
 +
Tylenol  <br>
 +
Tweezers  <br>
 +
Whistle  <br>
  
[[April]] 4=[[Azerbaijan]] <br>
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===Before You Leave: A Medical Checklist===
April 7=[[Indonesia]] <br>
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April 16=[[Kyrgyz Republic]] <br>
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April 21=[[Georgia]] <br>
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April 24=[[Uganda]] <br>
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[[May]] 1=[[Guyana]] <br>
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If there has been any change in your health—physical, mental, or dental—since you submitted your examination reports to the Peace Corps, you must immediately notify the Office of Medical Services. Failure to disclose existing or new illnesses, injuries, allergies, or pregnancy can endanger your health and may jeopardize your eligibility to serve. If your dental exam was done more than a year ago, or if your physical exam is more than two years old, contact the Office of Medical Services to find out whether you need to update your records.
May 14=[[Ecuador]] <br>
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May 20=[[Armenia]] <br>
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May 29=[[Mozambique]] <br>
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May 29=[[Paraguay]] <br>
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[[June]] 1=[[Mongolia]] <br>
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If your dentist or Peace Corps dental consultant has recommended that you undergo dental treatment or repair, you must complete that work and make sure your dentist sends requested confirmation reports or X-rays to the Office of Medical Services.
June 4 = [[Micronesia]] <br>
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June 4 = [[Moldova]] <br>
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June 5 = [[Togo]] <br>
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June 7 = [[Peru]] <br>
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June 10 = [[Togo]] <br>
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June 11 = [[Zambia]] <br>
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June 11 = [[Rwanda]] <br>
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June 17 = [[Sierra Leone]] <br>
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June 18 = [[Guatemala]] <br>
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June 18 = [[Panama]] <br>
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June 24 = [[Benin]] <br>
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June 25 = [[Swaziland]] <br>
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June 25 = [[Belize]] <br>
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June 27 = [[China]] <br>
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[[July]] 1= [[Ethiopia]] <br>
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If you wish to avoid having duplicate vaccinations, contact your physician’s office, obtain a copy of your immunization record, and bring it with you to Bolivia. If you have any immunizations prior to Peace Corps service, the Peace Corps cannot reimburse you for the cost. The Peace Corps will provide all the immunizations necessary for your overseas assignment shortly after you arrive in Bolivia. You do not need to begin taking malaria medication prior to departure.
July 1 = [[Guinea]] <br>
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July 3 = [[Tanzania]] <br>
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July 4 = [[South Africa]] <br>
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July 5 = [[Philippines]] <br>
+
July 8 = [[Costa Rica]] <br>
+
July 8 = [[Madagascar]] <br>
+
July 9 = [[Cambodia]] <br>
+
July 12 = [[Cambodia]] <br>
+
July 22 = [[Namibia]] <br>
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July 23 = [[El Salvador]]
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[[August]] 12 = [[Botswana]] <br>
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Bring a three-month supply of any prescription or over-thecounter medication you use on a regular basis, including birth control pills. Although the Peace Corps cannot reimburse you for this three-month supply, it will order refills during your service. While awaiting shipment—which can take several months—you will be dependent on your own medication supply. Although the Peace Corps will provide you with multivitamins, it will not pay for herbal or nonprescribed medications, such as St. John’s wort, glucosamine, selenium, or antioxidant supplements.
August 13 = [[Nicaragua]] <br>
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August 15 = [[Ukraine]] <br>
+
August 20 = [[Dominican Republic]] <br>
+
August 25 = [[Mexico]] <br>
+
August 27 = [[Colombia]] <br>
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[[September]] 1 = [[Fiji]] <br>
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You are encouraged to bring copies of medical prescriptions signed by your physician. This is not a requirement, but they might come in handy if you are questioned in transit about carrying a three-month supply of prescription drugs.
September 1 = [[Tonga]] <br>
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September 10 = [[Rwanda]] <br>
+
September 11 = [[Cameroon]] <br>
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September 12 = [[Peru]] <br>
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September 13 = [[Macedonia]] <br>
+
September 16 = [[Ukraine]] <br>
+
September 24 = [[Mozambique]] <br>
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September 24 = [[Senegal]] <br>
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September 25 = [[Paraguay]] <br>
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September 28 = [[Kenya]] <br>
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[[October]] 1 = [[Kenya]] <br>
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If you wear eyeglasses, bring two pairs with you—a pair and a spare. If a pair breaks, the Peace Corps will replace it using the information your doctor in the United States provided on the eyeglasses form during your examination.  We discourage you from using contact lenses during your service to reduce your risk of developing a serious infection or other eye disease. Most Peace Corps countries do not have appropriate water and sanitation to support eye care with the use of contact lenses. The Peace Corps will not supply or replace contact lenses or associated solutions unless an ophthalmologist has recommended their use for a specific medical condition and the Peace Corps’ Office of Medical Services has given approval.
October 7 = [[Burkina Faso]] <br>
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October 9 = [[Lesotho]] <br>
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[[November]] 11=[[Uganda]] <br>
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If you are eligible for Medicare, are over 50 years of age, or have a health condition that may restrict your future participation in health-care plans, you may wish to consult an insurance specialist about unique coverage needs before your departure. The Peace Corps will provide all necessary healthcare from the time you leave for your pre-departure orientation until you complete your service. When you finish, you will be entitled to the post-service healthcare benefits described in the Peace Corps Volunteer Handbook. You may wish to consider keeping an existing health plan in effect during your service if you think age or preexisting conditions might prevent you from reenrolling in your current plan when you return home.
  
[[December]] 2=[[Guinea]] <br>
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===Safety and Security—Our Partnership===
  
[[2012]]
+
Serving as a Volunteer overseas entails certain safety and security risks. Living and traveling in an unfamiliar environment, a limited understanding of the local language and culture, and the perception of being a wealthy American are some of the factors that can put a Volunteer at risk.
  
[[January]] 3 = [[Guatemala]] <br>
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Property thefts and burglaries are not uncommon. Incidents of physical and sexual assault do occur, although almost all Volunteers complete their two years of service without serious personal safety problems. In addition, more than 84 percent of Volunteers surveyed in the 2004 Peace Corps Volunteer Survey say they would join the Peace Corps again.
January 8 = [[Thailand]] <br>
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January 10 = [[Nicaragua]] <br>
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January 10 = [[Panama]] <br>
+
January 18 = [[Ecuador]] <br>
+
January 23 = [[South Africa]] <br>
+
January 24 = [[El Salvador]]  <br>
+
January 24 = [[Zambia]] <br>
+
January 26 = [[St. Vincent and the Grenadines]] <br>
+
January 30 = [[Guyana]]  <br>
+
  
[[February]] 6= [[Ghana]] <br>
+
The Peace Corps approaches safety and security as a partnership with you. This Welcome Book contains sections on: Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyle; Peace Corps Training; and Your Health Care and Safety. All of these sections include important safety and security information.
February 8= [[Paraguay]] <br>
+
February 12= [[Tanzania]] <br>
+
February 20= [[Costa Rica]] <br>
+
February 21= [[Kazakhstan]] <br>
+
February 22= [[Honduras]] <br>
+
February 27= [[Madagascar]] <br>
+
February 28= [[Dominican Republic]] <br>
+
  
 +
The Peace Corps makes every effort to give Volunteers the tools they need to function in the safest and most secure way possible, because working to maximize the safety and security of Volunteers is our highest priority. Not only do we provide you with training and tools to prepare for the unexpected, but we teach you to identify and manage the risks you may encounter.
  
[[March]] 5= [[Malawi]] <br>
+
===Factors that Contribute to Volunteer Risk===
March 6= [[Senegal]] <br>
+
March 6= [[The Gambia]] <br>
+
March 12= [[Ukraine]] <br>
+
March 13= [[Jamaica]] <br>
+
March 19= [[Morocco]] <br>
+
  
[[April]] 24= [[Uganda]] <br>
+
There are several factors that can heighten a Volunteer’s risk, many of which are within the Volunteer’s control.  Based on information gathered from incident reports worldwide in 2004, the following factors stand out as risk characteristics for assaults. Assaults consist of personal crimes committed against Volunteers, and do not include property crimes (such as vandalism or theft).
  
[[May]] 1= [[Panama]] <br>
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* Location: Most crimes occurred when Volunteers were in public areas (e.g., street, park, beach, public buildings). Specifically, 43 percent of assaults took place when Volunteers were away from their sites.
May 7= [[Rwanda]] <br>
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* Time of day: Assaults usually took place on the weekend during the evening between 5:00 p.m. and 2:00 a.m.— with most assaults occurring around 1:00 a.m.
May 8= [[Nicaragua]] <br>
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* Absence of others: Assaults usually occurred when the Volunteer was unaccompanied. In 82 percent of the sexual assaults the Volunteer was unaccompanied and in 55 percent of physical assaults the Volunteer was unaccompanied.
May 16= [[Ecuador]] <br>
+
* Relationship to assailant: In most assaults, the Volunteer did not know the assailant.
May 21= [[Ethiopia]] <br>
+
* Consumption of alcohol: Forty percent of all assaults involved alcohol consumption by Volunteers and/or assailants.
May 30= [[Paraguay]] <br>
+
May 31= [[Mali]] <br>
+
May 31= [[Togo]] <br>
+
  
[[June]] 1= [[Mongolia]] <br>
+
===Summary Strategies to Reduce Risk===
June 4= [[Costa Rica]] <br>
+
June 4= [[Burkina Faso]] <br>
+
June 5= [[Swaziland]] <br>
+
June 6= [[Cameroon]] <br>
+
June 6= [[Liberia]] <br>
+
June 12= [[Senegal]] <br>
+
June 27= [[Benin]] <br>
+
June 29= [[China]] <br>
+
  
[[2011]]
+
Before and during service, your training will address these areas of concern so that you can reduce the risks you face.
  
[[June]] 1 = [[Cameroon]] <br>             
+
For example, here are some strategies Volunteers employ:
June 1 = [[Sierra Leone]] <br>
+
June 1 = [[Ecuador]] <br>
+
June 1 = [[Mali]] <br>
+
June 1 = [[Sierra Leone]] <br>
+
June 1 = [[Armenia]] <br>
+
June 1 = [[Togo]] <br>
+
June 2 = [[Mongolia]] <br>
+
June 2 = [[Mozambique]] <br>
+
June 2 = [[Swaziland]] <br>
+
June 6 = [[Burkina Faso]]<br>
+
June 6 = [[Kenya]] <br>
+
June 6 = [[Ghana]] <br>
+
June 7 = [[Moldova]] <br>
+
June 8 = [[Liberia]] <br>
+
June 9 = [[Peru]] <br>
+
June 13 - [[Tanzania]] <br>
+
June 13 = [[Senegal]] <br>
+
June 14 = [[Malawi]] <br>
+
June 28 = [[The Gambia]] <br>
+
June 28 = [[Jamaica]] <br>
+
June 29 = [[Benin]] <br>
+
June 29 = [[China]]<br>
+
  
[[July]] 1 = [[Philippines]]<br>
+
<u>Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of theft: </u>
July 5 = [[South Africa]]<br>
+
July 6 = [[Honduras]]<br>
+
July 6 = [[Guinea]]<br>
+
July 11 = [[Madagascar]]<br>
+
July 13 = [[Cape Verde]]<br>
+
July 18 = [[Zambia]]<br>
+
July 19 = [[El Salvador]]<br>
+
July 22 = [[Cambodia]]<br>
+
  
[[August]] 1 = [[Zambia]] <br>             
+
* Know the environment and choose safe routes/times for travel
August 3 = [[Uganda]]<br>
+
* Avoid high-crime areas per Peace Corps guidance
August 8 = [[Guatemala]]<br>
+
* Know the vocabulary to get help in an emergency
August 12 = [[Botswana]] <br>
+
* Carry valuables in different pockets/places
August 16 = [[Panama]]<br>
+
* Carry a “dummy” wallet as a decoy Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of burglary:
August 17 = [[Cameroon]]<br>
+
* Live with a local family or on a family compound
August 17 = [[Dominican Republic]]<br>             
+
* Put strong locks on doors and keep valuables in a lock box or trunk
August 17 = [[Kazakhstan]]<br>
+
* Leave irreplaceable objects at home in the U.S.
August 18 = [[Namibia]]<br>
+
* Follow Peace Corps guidelines on maintaining home security
August 29 = [[Senegal]]<br>
+
August 29 = [[Mexico]]<br>
+
August 30 = [[Nicaragua]]<br>
+
  
[[September]] 9 = [[Macedonia]]<br>
+
<u>Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of assault: </u>
September 12 = [[Morocco]]<br>
+
September 12 = [[Rwanda]]<br>
+
September 15 = [[Botswana]]<br>
+
September 15 = [[Peru]]<br>
+
September 14 = [[Togo]]<br>
+
September 19 = [[Ukraine]]<br>
+
September 21 = [[Cameroon]]<br>
+
September 21 = [[Ukraine]]<br>
+
September 22 = [[Azerbaijan]]<br>
+
September 27 = [[Paraguay]]<br>
+
September 29 = [[Turkmenistan]]<br>
+
September 30 = [[Mozambique]]<br>
+
  
[[October]] 3 = [[Kenya]]<br>
+
* Make local friends
October 04 = [[Ghana]]<br>
+
* Make sure your appearance is respectful of local customs; don’t draw negative attention to yourself by wearing inappropriate clothing
October 05 = [[Ethiopia]]<br>
+
* Get to know local officials, police, and neighbors
October 07 = [[Vanuatu]]<br>
+
* Travel with someone whenever possible
October 09 = [[Burkina Faso]] <br>
+
* Avoid known high crime areas
October 10 = [[Kenya]]<br>
+
* Limit alcohol consumption
October 10 = [[Tanzania]] <br>
+
October 12 = [[Lesotho]] <br>
+
October 12 = [[Colombia]] <br>
+
October 18 = [[Jordan]] <br>
+
October 28 = [[Mali]] <br>
+
  
[[November]] 28 = [[Guinea]] <br>
+
===Support from Staff===
  
 +
In March 2003, the Peace Corps created the Office of Safety and Security with its mission to “foster improved communication, coordination, oversight, and accountability of all Peace Corps’ safety and security efforts.” The new office is led by an Associate Director for Safety and Security who reports to the Peace Corps Director and includes the following divisions: Volunteer Safety and Overseas Security; Information and Personnel Security; Emergency Preparedness, Plans, Training and Exercise; and Crime Statistics and Analysis.
  
|<div style="font-size: 13pt">'''By Country'''</div>
+
The major responsibilities of the Volunteer Safety and Overseas Security Division are to coordinate the office’s overseas operations and direct the Peace Corps’ safety and security officers who are located in various regions around the world that have Peace Corps programs. The safety and security officers conduct security assessments; review safety trainings; train trainers and managers; train Volunteer safety wardens, local guards, and staff; develop security incident response procedures; and provide crisis management support.  
{| width=60%
+
| width=60% | [http://peacecorpswiki.org/Timeline?title=Timeline&action=edit edit]
+
| width=60% |             
+
| width=60% |             
+
|}
+
-----
+
{|border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
+
|- valign="top"
+
  
| Albania
+
If a trainee or Volunteer is the victim of a safety incident, Peace Corps staff is prepared to provide support. All Peace Corps posts have procedures in place to respond to incidents of crime committed against Volunteers. The first priority for all posts in the aftermath of an incident is to ensure that the Volunteer is safe and receiving medical treatment as neededAfter assuring the safety of the Volunteer, Peace Corps staff provides support by reassessing the Volunteer’s work site and housing arrangements and making any adjustments, as needed. In some cases, the nature of the incident may necessitate a site or housing transfer. Peace Corps staff will also assist Volunteers with preserving their rights to pursue legal sanctions against the perpetrators of the crime. It is very important that Volunteers report incidents as they occur, not only to protect their peer Volunteers, but also to preserve the future right to prosecute. Should Volunteers decide later in the process that they want to proceed with the prosecution of their assailant, this option may no longer exist if the evidence of the event has not been preserved at the time of the incident.
|2010 Albania Mar 17 <br>
+
 
2011 Albania Mar 14<br>
+
The country-specific data chart below shows the incidence rates and the average number of incidents of the major types of safety incidents reported by Peace Corps Volunteers/ trainees in Bolivia as compared to all other Inter-America and Pacific region programs as a whole, from 2001–2005. It is presented to you in a somewhat technical manner for statistical accuracy.
2012 Albania Mar 14<br>
+
 
2012 Albania Mar 18<br>
+
To fully appreciate the collected data below, an explanation of the graph is provided as follows:
2013 Albania Mar 18 Philadelphia<br>
+
 
2014 Albania Mar 17 Washington D.C. G18 <br>
+
The incidence rate for each type of crime is the number of crime events relative to the Volunteer/trainee population.
2015 Albania Mar 13
+
 
|-
+
It is expressed on the chart as a ratio of crime to Volunteer and trainee years (or V/T years, which is a measure of 12 full months of V/T service) to allow for a statistically valid way to compare crime data across countries. An “incident” is a specific offense, per Peace Corps' classification of offenses, and may involve one or more Volunteer/trainee victims. For example, if two Volunteers are robbed at the same time and place, this is classified as one robbery incident.
  |Armenia
+
 
|2010 Armenia May 27 Philadelphia<br>             
+
The chart is separated into eight crime categories. These include vandalism (malicious defacement or damage of property); theft (taking without force or illegal entry); burglary (forcible entry of a residence); robbery (taking something by force); minor physical assault (attacking without a weapon with minor injuries); minor sexual assault (fondling, groping, etc.); aggravated assault (attacking with a weapon, and/or without a weapon when serious injury results); and rape (sexual intercourse without consent).
2011 Armenia May 26 Philadelphia<br>       
+
 
2011 Armenia June 1 Philadelphia A19<br>
+
When anticipating Peace Corps Volunteer service, you should review all of the safety and security information provided to you, including the strategies to reduce risk. Throughout your training and Volunteer service, you will be expected to successfully complete all training competencies in a variety of areas including safety and security. Once in-country, use the tools and information shared with you to remain as safe and secure as possible.
2012 Armenia May 24 <br>
+
 
2013 Armenia May 20<br>
+
===What if you become a victim of a violent crime?===
|-
+
 
|Azerbaijan
+
Few Peace Corps Volunteers are victims of violent crimes. The Peace Corps will give you information and training in how to be safe. But, just as in the U.S., crime happens, and Volunteers can become victims. When this happens, the investigative team of the Office of Inspector General (OIG) is charged with helping pursue prosecution of those who perpetrate a violent crime against a Volunteer. If you become a victim of a violent crime, the decision to prosecute or not to prosecute is entirely yours, and one of the tasks of the OIG is to make sure that you are fully informed of your options and help you through the process and procedures involved in going forward with prosecution should you wish to do so. If you decide to prosecute, we are here to assist you in every way we can.
|2010 Azerbaijan September 23 Philadelphia<br>
+
 
2011 Azerbaijan September 22<br>
+
Crimes that occur overseas, of course, are investigated and prosecuted by local authorities in local courts. Our role is to coordinate the investigation and evidence collection with the regional security officers (RSOs) at the U.S. embassy, local police, and local prosecutors and others to ensure that your rights are protected to the fullest extent possible under the laws of the country. OIG investigative staff has extensive experience in criminal investigation, in working sensitively with victims, and as advocates for victims. We also, may, in certain limited circumstances, arrange for the retention of a local lawyer to assist the local public prosecutor in making the case against the individual who perpetrated the violent crime.
2013 Azerbaijan April 4<br>
+
 
2014 Azerbaijan March 31<br>
+
If you do become a victim of a violent crime, first, make sure you are in a safe place and with people you trust and second, contact the country director or the Peace Corps medical officer. Immediate reporting is important to the preservation of evidence and the chances of apprehending the suspect. Country directors and medical officers are required to report all violent crimes to the Inspector General and the RSO. This information is protected from unauthorized further disclosure by the Privacy Act. Reporting the crime also helps prevent your further victimization and protects your fellow Volunteers.
|-
+
 
|Belize 
+
In conjunction with the RSO, the OIG does a preliminary investigation of all violent crimes against Volunteers regardless of whether the crime has been reported to local authorities or of the decision you may ultimately make to prosecute. If you are a victim of a crime, our staff will work with you through final disposition of the case. OIG staff is available 24 hours-a-day, 7 days-a-week. We may be contacted through our 24-hour violent crime hotline via telephone at 202.692.2911, or by e-mail at violentcrimehotline@peacecorps.gov.
|2010 Belize March 24 Dallas <br>
+
 
2011 Belize March 22 Miami<br>
+
===Security Issues in Bolivia===
2013 Belize June 25 <br>
+
 
2014 Belize June 26<br>
+
When it comes to your safety and security in the Peace Corps, you have to be willing to adapt your behavior and lifestyle.
|-
+
 
| Benin 
+
Peace Corps/Bolivia has a strict out-of-site policy. You must also minimize the potential for being a target of crime. As with anywhere in the world, crime does exist in Bolivia. You can reduce your risk by avoiding situations that make you feel uncomfortable and by taking precautions. Crime at the community or town level is less frequent than in the large cities; people know each other and generally will not steal from their neighbors. Tourist attractions in large towns, for instance, are favorite work sites for pickpockets and scam artists.
|2010 Benin July 14 Philadelphia<br>
+
 
2011 Benin June 29 Philadelphia<br>   
+
Extreme poverty and a poor economy have led to an increase in petty crimes in Bolivia. It is important to be especially alert and cautious in bus terminals, taxis, and other places frequented by travelers. Sessions will be held during training about common robbery scams and how to avoid them. For both economic and social reasons, harassment (especially sexual harassment) and assaults have also increased. Almost all recent incidents of harassment or assault of Volunteers have involved alcohol consumption by either the Volunteer or the assailant. Volunteers, especially women, should avoid going out alone, particularly at night and in larger communities.
2012 Benin June 27<br>       
+
 
2013 Benin June 24<br>       
+
===Staying Safe: Don’t Be a Target for Crime===
2014 Benin June 22<br>       
+
 
|-
+
You must be prepared to take on a large responsibility for your own safety. Only you can make yourself less of a target, ensure that your home is secure, and develop relationships in your community that will make you an unlikely victim of crime. In coming to Bolivia, do what you would do if you moved to a new city in the United States: Be cautious, check things out, ask questions, learn about your neighborhood, know where the more risky locations are, use common sense, and be aware. You can significantly reduce your vulnerability to crime by integrating into your community, learning the local language, acting responsibly, and abiding by Peace Corps policies and procedures. Serving safely and effectively in Bolivia may require that you accept some restrictions on your current lifestyle.
|Botswana
+
 
|2010 Botswana April 10 Philadelphia<br>
+
Volunteers attract a lot of attention in large cities and at their sites, but they are likely to receive more negative attention in highly populated centers than at their sites, where “family,” friends, and colleagues look out for them. While whistles and exclamations are fairly common on the street, this behavior can be reduced if you dress conservatively, avoid culturally inappropriate eye contact, and do not respond to unwanted attention. In addition, keep your money out of sight by using an undergarment money pouch, the kind that stays hidden under your shirt or inside your coat. Do not keep your money in outside pockets of backpacks, in coat pockets, or in fanny packs. And always walk with a companion at night.
2011 Botswana April 1 Philadelphia <br>
+
 
2011 Botswana September 15 Philadelphia<br>
+
===Preparing for the Unexpected: Safety Training and Volunteer Support in Bolivia===
2013 Botswana August 12 <br>
+
 
2014 Botswana August 10 <br>
+
The Peace Corps’ approach to safety is a five-pronged plan to help you stay safe during your two-year service and includes the following: information sharing, Volunteer training, site selection criteria, a detailed emergency action plan, and protocols for addressing safety and security incidents. Bolivia’s in-country safety program is outlined below.
|-
+
 
|Bolivia
+
The Peace Corps/Bolivia staff will keep you informed of any issues that may impact Volunteer safety through information sharing. Regular updates will be provided via publications, meetings, and other methods. In the event of a critical situation or emergency, you will be contacted through the emergency communication network.
|
+
 
|-
+
Volunteer training will include sessions on specific safety and security issues in Bolivia. This training will prepare you to adopt a culturally appropriate lifestyle and exercise judgment that promotes safety and reduces risk in your home, at work, and while traveling. Safety training is offered throughout service and is integrated into the language, cross-cultural, health, and other components of training.
|Bulgaria
+
 
|2009 Bulgaria  Washington, DC<br>
+
Volunteers are required to live with a Bolivian family at their assigned sites for the duration of their service. Certain site selection criteria are used to find safe housing. The Peace Corps staff works closely with host communities and counterpart agencies to help prepare them for a Volunteer’s arrival and to establish expectations of their respective roles in supporting the Volunteer. Each site is inspected before a Volunteer’s arrival to ensure placement in appropriate, safe, and secure housing and work sites. Site selection is based in part on any relevant site history; access to medical, banking, postal, and other essential services; availability of communications, transportation, and markets; housing options and living arrangements; and other Volunteer support needs.
2010 Bulgaria May 10 Philadelphia <br>
+
 
2011 Bulgaria March 28 Philadelphia B27 June 10<br>
+
You will also learn about Peace Corps/Bolivia’s detailed emergency action plan, which is implemented in the event of civil or political unrest or a natural disaster. When you visit your assigned site during training, you will complete a site locator form with your address, contact information, and a map to your home stay house. If there is a security threat, you will gather with other Volunteers in Bolivia at predetermined locations until the situation is resolved or the Peace Corps decides to evacuate.
|-
+
 
|Burkina Faso
+
Finally, in order for the Peace Corps to be fully responsive to the needs of Volunteers, it is imperative that Volunteers fully comply with Peace Corps/Bolivia’s out-of-site policy and notification system, and immediately report any security incident to the Peace Corps medical officer. The Peace Corps has established protocols for addressing safety and security incidents in a timely and appropriate manner, and it collects and evaluates safety and security data to track trends and develop strategies to minimize risks to future Volunteers.
|2010 Burkina Faso June 9 Washington, DC <br>
+
 
2010 Burkina Faso June 21 Washington, DC <br>
+
[[Category:Bolivia]]
2010 Burkina Faso October 13 Washington, DC <br>
+
[[Category:Health and Safety]]
2011 Burkina Faso May 23 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Burkina Faso June 6 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Burkina Faso October 9 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Burkina Faso June 4  <br>
+
2013 Burkina Faso October 7  <br>
+
2014 Burkina Faso June 7  <br>
+
2015 Burkina Faso January 10 Philadelphia, PA  <br>
+
|-  
+
|Cambodia
+
|2010 Cambodia July 19 San Francisco <br>
+
2011 Cambodia July 22 San Francisco K5 <br>
+
2013 Cambodia July 9 <br>
+
2013 Cambodia July 12 <br>
+
|-  
+
|Cameroon
+
|2010 Cameroon June 2 Philadelphia<br>
+
2010 Cameroon September 15 <br>
+
2011 Cameroon June 1 <br>
+
2011 Cameroon August 17 <br>
+
2011 Cameroon September 21 <br>
+
2013 Cameroon May 29 <br>
+
2013 Cameroon September 11<br>
+
2014 Cameroon May 28 <br>
+
|-
+
|Cape Verde
+
|2010 Cape Verde July 15 Boston<br>
+
2011 Cape Verde July 13 Boston <br>
+
|-
+
|China
+
|2010 China June 29 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 China June 29 Chicago <br>
+
2012 China June 29 <br>
+
2013 China June 27 San Francisco<br>
+
2014 China June 19 Los Angeles <br>
+
  |-
+
|Colombia
+
|2011 Colombia October 12 Miami <br>
+
2013 Colombia August 27 <br>
+
|-
+
|Costa Rica
+
|2010 Costa Rica March 1 Washington, DC<br>
+
2010 Costa Rica October 4 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Costa Rica February 20 <br>
+
2012 Costa Rica June 4 <br>
+
2013 Costa Rica March 11 <br>
+
2013 Costa Rica July 8 <br>
+
2015 Costa Rica March 9 <br>
+
|-
+
|Dominican Republic
+
|2010 Dominican Republic March 2 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Dominican Republic August 18 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Dominican Republic March 1 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Dominican Republic August 17 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Dominican Republic February 28 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Dominican Republic March 5 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Dominican Republic August 20 <br>
+
2014 Dominican Republic March 4 <br>
+
|-
+
|Eastern Caribbean
+
|2010 Eastern Caribbean February 15 Miami <br>
+
2010 Eastern Caribbean August 23 Miami <br>
+
2011 Eastern Caribbean January 27 <br>
+
2013 Eastern Caribbean January 24 <br>
+
|-
+
|Ecuador
+
|2010 Ecuador February 16 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Ecuador June 15 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Ecuador February 2 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Ecuador June 1 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Ecuador January 18 Dallas, TX <br>
+
2013 Ecuador January 15 <br>
+
2013 Ecuador May 14 <br>
+
2014 Ecuador January 13 <br>
+
2014 Ecuador May 13 <br>
+
  |-
+
|El Salvador
+
|2010 El Salvador February 2 Washington, DC<br>
+
2010 El Salvador July 20 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 El Salvador January 18 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 El Salvador July 19 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 El Salvador January 24 cancelled <br>
+
2012 El Salvador January 29 Washington, DC<br>
+
2013 El Salvador January 29 <br>
+
2013 El Salvador July 23 Washington, DC <br>
+
2014 El Salvador January 28 <br>
+
  |-
+
|Ethiopia
+
|2010 Ethiopia September 13 Atlanta <br>
+
2011 Ethiopia May 23 Atlanta <br>
+
2013 Ethiopia July 1 <br>
+
2014 Ethiopia February 10<br>
+
|-
+
|Fiji
+
|2010 Fiji May 19 Los Angeles<br>
+
2011 Fiji May 17 Los Angeles <br>
+
2013 Fiji September 3 <br>
+
|-
+
|Gambia, The
+
|2010 The Gambia June 29 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 The Gambia January 4 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 The Gambia June 28 Chicago <br>
+
2012 The Gambia March 6 Washington, DC<br>
+
2013 The Gambia March 5  <br>
+
2014 The Gambia October 14 <br>
+
2015 The Gambia June 2 <br>
+
|-
+
|Georgia
+
|2010 Georgia April 26 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Georgia April 25 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Georgia May 29 <br>
+
2013 Georgia April 21 <br>
+
2014 Georgia April 27 <br>
+
|-
+
|Ghana
+
|2010 Ghana June 1 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Ghana June 6 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Ghana October 4 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Ghana February 6 Philadelphia <br>
+
2013 Ghana February 6 <br>
+
2014 Ghana February 3 <br>
+
2015 Ghana February 2 <br>
+
2015 Ghana June 1 <br>
+
|-
+
|Guatemala
+
|2009 Guatemala January 6 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Guatemala January 4 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Guatemala April 28 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Guatemala August 10 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Guatemala January 4 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Guatemala April 27 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Guatemala August 8 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Guatemala January 3 Cancelled <br>
+
2013 Guatemala February 12 Washington, DC<br>
+
2013 Guatemala June 18 <br>
+
2014 Guatemala February 11 Washington, DC <br>
+
2014 Guatemala October 14 <br>
+
|-
+
|Guinea
+
|2011 Guinea November 27 Philadelphia <br>
+
2013 Guinea July 1 <br>
+
|-
+
|Guyana
+
|2010 Guyana February 9 Miami <br>
+
2011 Guyana February 15 Miami <br>
+
2013 Guyana May 1 <br>
+
2014 Guyana April 28 <br>
+
|-
+
|Honduras
+
|2010 Honduras February 22 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Honduras June 22 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Honduras February 23 Atlanta        <br>
+
2011 Honduras July 6 Atlanta <br>
+
2012 Honduras February 22 Cancelled <br>
+
|-
+
|Indonesia
+
|2010 Indonesia March 15 <br>
+
2011 Indonesia April 4 San Francisco  <br>
+
2013 Indonesia April 7 <br>
+
2014 Indonesia March 15 <br>
+
2015 Indonesia March 14 <br>
+
|-
+
|Jamaica
+
|2010 Jamaica March 17 Miami <br>
+
2011 Jamaica June 28 Miami <br>
+
2012 Jamaica March 13 Miami <br>
+
2012 Jamaica March 11 Miami <br>
+
2013 Jamaica March 11 <br>
+
2014 Jamaica March 10 <br>
+
|-
+
|Jordan
+
|2010 Jordan October 22 Philadelphia J14 <br>
+
2011 Jordan October 18 Philadelphia J15 <br>
+
|-
+
|Kazakhstan
+
|2010 Kazakhstan August 18 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Kazakhstan March 9 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Kazakhstan August 17 Washington, DC <br>
+
|-
+
|Kenya
+
|2010 Kenya May 24 Philadelphia <br>
+
2010 Kenya October 11 Philadelphia  <br>     
+
2011 Kenya June 6 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Kenya October 10 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Kenya October 03 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Kenya June 4 Philadelphia <br>
+
2013 Kenya October 1 <br>
+
2014 Kenya September 28 <br>
+
|-
+
|Kiribati
+
|
+
|-
+
|Kyrgyz Republic
+
|2010 Kyrgyz Republic March 26 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Kyrgyz Republic March 25 Philadelphia <br>
+
2013 Kyrgyz Republic April 16 <br>
+
2014 Kyrgyz Republic April 23 <br>
+
|-
+
|Lesotho
+
|2010 Lesotho June 1 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Lesotho May 31 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Lesotho October 12 Philadelphia <br>
+
2013 Lesotho June 5 <br>
+
2013 Lesotho October 9 <br>
+
2014 Lesotho June 3 <br>
+
2014 Lesotho October 9 <br>
+
|-
+
|Liberia
+
|2010 Liberia July 7 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Liberia June 8 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Liberia June 6  <br>
+
|-
+
|Macedonia
+
|2010 Macedonia September 10 Washington, DC  <br>
+
2011 Macedonia September 9 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Macedonia September 13 <br>
+
2014 Macedonia September 12 <br>
+
|-
+
|Madagascar
+
|2010 Madagascar March 1 <br>
+
2010 Madagascar July 19 <br>
+
2011 Madagascar February 28<br>
+
2011 Madagascar July 11 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Madagascar February 27 <br>
+
2013 Madagascar March 4 <br>
+
2013 Madagascar July 8 <br>
+
2014 Madagascar February 11 <br>
+
|-
+
|Malawi
+
|2010 Malawi February 24 Philadelphia <br>
+
2010 Malawi July 1 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Malawi February 27 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Malawi June 14 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Malawi March 5  <br>
+
2013 Malawi March 5  <br>
+
|-
+
| Mali
+
|2010 Mali July 1 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Mali January 31 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Mali October 28 Philadelphia <br>
+
|-
+
|Mauritania
+
|2009  Atlanta <br>
+
|-
+
|Mexico
+
|2010 Mexico August 17 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Mexico March 14 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Mexico August 29 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Mexico August 25 <br>
+
2014 Mexico March 17 <br>
+
|-
+
|Micronesia and Palau
+
|2010 Micronesia and Palau September 1 Honolulu <br>
+
2013 Micronesia and Palau June 4 <br>
+
|-
+
|Moldova
+
|2010 Moldova June 8 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Moldova June 7 Philadelphia <br>
+
2013 Moldova June 4 <br>
+
2014 Moldova June 4 <br>
+
|-
+
|Mongolia
+
|2010 Mongolia June 3 San Francisco <br>
+
2011 Mongolia June 2 San Francisco <br>
+
2012 Mongolia June 1 San Francisco <br>
+
2013 Mongolia June 1 <br>
+
2014 Mongolia May 29<br>
+
|-
+
|Morocco
+
|2010 Morocco March 1 Philadelphia <br>
+
2010 Morocco September 13 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Morocco March 14 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Morocco September 12 <br>
+
2012 Morocco March 19 <br>
+
2013 Morocco January 14 <br>
+
2014 Morocco January 13 <br>
+
|-
+
|Mozambique
+
|2010 Mozambique September 27 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Mozambique June 2 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Mozambique September 30 <br>
+
2013 Mozambique May 29 <br>
+
2013 Mozambique September 24 Philadelphia <br>
+
2014 Mozambique May 28<br>
+
|-
+
|Namibia
+
|2010 Namibia February 16 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Namibia August 17 Washington, DC<br>
+
2011 Namibia February 18 Washington, DC<br>
+
2011 Namibia August 18 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Namibia March 11 <br>
+
2013 Namibia July 22 <br>
+
2014 Namibia March 10 <br>
+
|-
+
|Nepal
+
|2014 Nepal September 5 <br>
+
|-
+
|Nicaragua
+
|2010 Nicaragua January 19 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Nicaragua May 11 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Nicaragua August 31 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Nicaragua January 11 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Nicaragua May 10 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Nicaragua August 30 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Nicaragua January 10 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Nicaragua March 15 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Nicaragua August 13 <br>
+
2014 Nicaragua March 4 <br>
+
2014 Nicaragua August 12 <br>
+
|-
+
|Niger
+
|2010 Niger July 7 Philadelphia <br>
+
2010 Niger October 18 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011
+
|-
+
|Panama
+
|2010 Panama April 20 Miami <br>
+
2010 Panama August 17 Miami <br>
+
2011 Panama January 11 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Panama April 26 Washington, DC<br>
+
2012 Panama January 10 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Panama May 1 <br>
+
2013 Panama February 19 <br>
+
2013 Panama June 18 <br>
+
2014 Panama February 18 <br>
+
2014 Panama June 17 <br>
+
|-
+
|Paraguay
+
|2010 Paraguay February 8 Miami <br>
+
2010 Paraguay June 1 Miami        <br>
+
2010 Paraguay September 29 Miami <br>       
+
2011 Paraguay February 2 Miami <br>
+
2011 Paraguay May 25 Miami <br>
+
2011 Paraguay September 27 Miami <br>
+
2012 Paraguay February 8 Miami <br>
+
2012 Paraguay September 22 Miami <br>
+
2013 Paraguay February 13 Miami <br>
+
2013 Paraguay May 29 <br>
+
2013 Paraguay September 25 Miami G43 <br>
+
2014 Paraguay January 29 <br>
+
2014 Paraguay September 17 <br>
+
2015 Paraguay March 06
+
|-
+
|Peru
+
|2010 Peru June 10 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Peru September 16 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Peru June 9 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Peru June 7 <br>
+
2013 Peru September 12 Washington, DC <br>
+
2014 Peru September 11 Washington, DC <br>
+
2015 Peru May 6 Washington, DC <br>
+
|-
+
|Philippines
+
|2010 Philippines August 19 Los Angeles <br>
+
2011 Philippines July 1 Los Angeles <br>
+
2013 Philippines July 5 Los Angeles <br>
+
|-
+
|Romania
+
|2010 Romania May 18 Chicago <br>
+
2011 Romania April 26 Chicago <br>
+
|-
+
|Rwanda
+
|2010 Rwanda February 23  <br>     
+
2010 Rwanda October 19 <br>
+
2011 Rwanda May 4 <br>
+
2011 Rwanda September 12 <br>
+
2013 Rwanda June 11 <br>
+
2013 Rwanda September 10 <br>
+
2014 Rwanda September 9 <br>
+
  |-
+
|Samoa
+
|2010 Samoa October 5 Los Angeles<br>
+
|-
+
|Senegal
+
|2010 Senegal March 8 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Senegal August 9 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Senegal March 7 Washington, DC <br>       
+
2011 Senegal June 13 Washington, DC <br>       
+
2011 Senegal August 29 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Senegal March 5 Washington, DC<br>
+
2013 Senegal September 24 <br>
+
2014 Senegal March 3 <br>
+
2014 Senegal Sepetember 19 Philadelphia <br>     
+
|-
+
|Sierra Leone
+
|2010 Sierra Leone June 2 <br>
+
2011 Sierra Leone June 1  <br>
+
2013 Sierra Leone June 18  <br>     
+
2013 Sierra Leone July 17 Philadelphia <br>
+
|-
+
|South Africa
+
|2010 South Africa January 28 Washington, DC <br>       
+
2010 South Africa July 12 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 South Africa January 24 Washington, DC <br>       
+
2011 South Africa July 5 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 South Africa January 23 Washington, DC  <br>
+
2013 South Africa January 24  <br>
+
2013 South Africa July 4 Washington, DC SA28 <br>
+
2014 South Africa January 22  <br>     
+
|-
+
|Suriname
+
|2011 Suriname May 3 Miami <br>
+
|-
+
|Swaziland
+
|2010 Swaziland June 25 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Swaziland June 2 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Swaziland June 5 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Swaziland June 25 <br>
+
|-
+
|Tanzania
+
|2010 Tanzania June 14 Philadelphia <br>
+
2010 Tanzania September 20 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Tanzania June 13 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Tanzania October 10 <br>
+
2012 Tanzania June 11 <br>
+
2013 Tanzania July 3 <br>
+
2014 Tanzania February 12 <br>
+
|-
+
|Thailand
+
|2010 Thailand January 16 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Thailand January 8 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Thailand January 8 Detroit <br>
+
2013 Thailand January 11 Detroit <br>
+
2014 Thailand January 10 Washington DC<br>
+
|-
+
|Togo
+
|2010 Togo June 3 <br>
+
2010 Togo September 16 <br>
+
2011 Togo June 2 <br>
+
2011 Togo September 15 <br>
+
2013 Togo June 5 <br>
+
2013 Togo June 10 <br>
+
|-
+
|Tonga
+
|2010 Tonga October 5 Los Angeles <br>
+
2013 Tonga September 3 <br>
+
2014 Tonga September 4 <br>
+
|-
+
|Turkmenistan
+
|2010 Turkmenistan March 23 <br>
+
2010 Turkmenistan September 30 <br>
+
|-
+
|Uganda
+
|2010 Uganda February 8 <br>
+
2010 Uganda August 9 <br>
+
2011 Uganda February 9 <br>
+
2011 Uganda August 3 <br>
+
2012 Uganda April 24 <br>
+
2013 Uganda March 23 <br>
+
2013 Uganda April 24 <br>
+
2013 Uganda November 11 <br>
+
2014 Uganda June 3 <br>
+
|-
+
|Ukraine
+
|2010 Ukraine March 29 <br>
+
2010 Ukraine September 17 <br>
+
2010 Ukraine September 24 <br>
+
2011 Ukraine March 21 <br>
+
2011 Ukraine September 19 <br>
+
2011 Ukraine September 21 <br>
+
2012 Ukraine March 12 <br>
+
2013 Ukraine March 25 <br>
+
2013 Ukraine August 15 <br>
+
2013 Ukraine September 16 <br>
+
|-
+
|Vanuatu
+
|2010 Vanuatu September 10 Los Angeles <br>
+
2011 Vanuatu October 07 Los Angeles <br>
+
2014 Vanuatu January 23 <br>
+
2015 Vanuatu January 23 <br>
+
|-
+
|Zambia
+
|2010 Zambia February 17 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Zambia July 19 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Zambia July 19 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Zambia January 31 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Zambia February 14 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Zambia July 18 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Zambia August 1 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Zambia January 24 <br>
+
2012 Zambia February 29 <br>
+
2013 Zambia February 11 <br>
+
2013 Zambia June 11 <br>
+
2014 Zambia February 4 <br>
+
2014 Zambia June 10 <br>
+
|}
+
|<div style="font-size: 13pt">'''Other Resources'''</div>
+
{| width=20%
+
| width=20% | [http://peacecorpswiki.org/Timeline?title=Timeline&action=edit edit]
+
| width=20% |             
+
| width=20% |             
+
|}
+
-----
+
<!-- *********************** Other Resources ***************** -->             
+
Additional pages relating to the application:<br>
+
*[[Timeline Archive]]<br>
+
*[[Application Timelines]]<br>
+
*[[Advice for applicants]]<br>
+
*[[Departures by month]]<br>
+
*[[Staging Cities]]<br>
+
*[[Calculator|Placement Calculator]]<br>
+
*'''Other information:'''<br>
+
**'''[[Blogger | Show new stories]] on your own blog in real-time<br>
+
'''More [[resources]]<br>'''
+
*[[Volunteer discounts]]
+
*[[Volunteer Surveys]]<br>
+
*[[Interview Questions]]
+
*[[Forms]]
+
*[[Educational requirements for volunteers]]
+
*[[Phone Directory]]
+
*[[Peace Corps offices by country]]
+
<br>
+
-----
+

Latest revision as of 12:13, 8 December 2015

Country Resources

The Peace Corps’ highest priority is maintaining the good health and safety of every Volunteer. Peace Corps medical programs emphasize the preventive, rather than the curative, approach to disease. Peace Corps/Bolivia maintains a clinic in the Cochabamba office with a full-time and several part-time medical officers who take care of Volunteers’ primary healthcare needs. Additional medical services, such as century 21 broker properti jual beli sewa rumah Indonesia testing and basic treatment, are also available in Bolivia at local, American-standard laboratories, clinics, and hospitals. If you become seriously ill, you will be transported either to the closest American-standard medical facility in the region or to the United States.

Health Issues in Bolivia[edit]

Altitude sickness, malaria, leishmaniasis, Chagas’ disease, infectious diarrhea, tuberculosis, and hepatitis are among the diseases that commonly occur in the Bolivian population. Preparing for and adjusting to altitude is discussed in detail at the end of this section.

Because malaria is endemic in some areas of Bolivia, taking an antimalarial medication and sleeping inside a mosquito net are mandatory for Volunteers assigned to those regions. Leishmaniasis, a parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of some species of sand flies, can be prevented by wearing protective clothing and insect repellent and avoiding the outdoors when sand flies are most active (dusk to dawn). Chagas’ disease, which is transmitted via the bite of a reduviid bug, is also endemic in many areas of Bolivia. This disease can also be prevented by sleeping in a mosquito net (provided by Peace Corps) and by living in a house with well-plastered walls and screened doors and windows.

Following instructions to ensure that your food and water are fresh and cleaned appropriately will help you avoid stomach bacteria and intestinal parasites. You may also be exposed to colds, flu, and other respiratory illnesses. Taking standard precautions (e.g., washing your hands frequently, taking the provided vitamins, etc.) will reduce your risk of becoming ill.

Altitude Sickness[edit]

Approximately 25 percent of people arriving in La Paz or other high-altitude locations experience an unpleasant period of acclimatization that may persist for a few days. Symptoms of altitude sickness include headache, nausea, vomiting, respiratory distress, and insomnia. Although there seems to be a genetic predisposition to altitude sickness, it is not possible to tell in advance who will have problems. Those century 21 broker properti jual beli sewa rumah Indonesia who have had previous difficulties are likely to have similar problems each time they go to altitudes above 8,000 to 10,000 feet. Those with preexisting medical problems or respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis, or pneumonia should delay travel until they are fully recovered. Individuals with hypertension, diabetes, angina pectoris, asthma, or emphysema should see a physician for clearance prior to visiting high altitudes. La Paz is at almost 12,000 feet, while Cochabamba, site of the training center and Peace Corps office, is at 8,000 feet.

There are two approaches to minimizing the unpleasant symptoms of altitude sickness: taking prophylaxis prior to arrival and treating symptoms after arrival. The health unit at the U.S. embassy in La Paz recommends that adults take 125 milligrams of the prescription drug Diamox (acetazolamide) by mouth twice a day for two days prior to travel, on the day of flight, and for three days after arrival. (Diamox is not recommended if you are allergic to sulfa drugs.)

Whether or not you take Diamox prior to traveling to Bolivia, there are a number of steps you can take to prevent or treat altitude sickness after your arrival:

  1. Drink plenty of fluids. You need considerably more fluids than your normal intake. Avoid alcoholic drinks initially, and drink only in moderation after several days. Limit carbonated drinks, or allow them to go flat before drinking them. Limit mineral water because of the high salt content. Gatorade can be very helpful, since it provides fluid and electrolytes.
  2. Reduce food intake. Frequent small, light meals are best. Physicians in Bolivia recommend increasing carbohydrate intake (e.g., pasta and potatoes) and eating desserts or candy.
  3. Limit your activities. Although you should avoid overexertion, the frequently given advice to lie down during the initial hours at high altitude can actually increase a headache if overdone. Athletic adults are more likely to develop serious complications, so avoid intense physical activity until you are well adapted.
  4. Use recommended medications if necessary. Other than Diamox, acetaminophen or aspirin (two tablets every four hours) taken with a full glass of water is the best medicine for an altitude headache. Avoid other medications for what is commonly known as “soroche,” such as Coramine, Micoren, or diuretics other than Diamox. They can increase symptoms or even be dangerous. Coca tea cannot be used in any form for altitude sickness or for rehydration.
  5. It is unlikely that you will need oxygen, but if you experience shortness of breath or a severe headache, inform the Peace Corps medical officer or any staff member immediately.

Helping You Stay Healthy[edit]

The Peace Corps will provide you with all the necessary inoculations, medications, and information to stay healthy. Upon your arrival in Bolivia, you will receive a medical handbook. At the end of training, you will receive a medical kit with supplies to take care of mild illnesses and first-aid needs. The contents of the kit are listed later in this chapter.

During pre-service training, you will have access to basic medical supplies through the training center medical officer. However, you will be responsible for your own supply of prescription drugs and any other specific medical supplies you require, as the Peace Corps will not order these items during training. Please bring a three-month supply of any prescription drugs you use, since they may not be available here and it may take several months for shipments to arrive. Also, please try to switch to generic forms of any medications you take before coming to Bolivia.

You will have physicals midway through your service and at the end of your service. If you develop a serious medical problem during your service, the medical officer in Bolivia will consult with the Office of Medical Services in Washington, D.C. If it is determined that your condition cannot be treated in Bolivia, you may be sent out of the country for further evaluation and care.

Maintaining Your Health[edit]

As a Volunteer, you must accept a certain amount of responsibility for your own health. Proper precautions will significantly reduce your risk of serious illness or injury. The adage “An ounce of prevention ...” becomes extremely important in areas where diagnostic and treatment facilities are not up to the standards of the United States. Your most important responsibility in Bolivia is to take preventive measures to avoid altitude sickness, malaria, leishmaniasis, Chagas’ disease, food- and waterborne intestinal disorders, respiratory illnesses, alcohol- and drug-related problems, STDs, skin disorders, minor injuries, and sunburn and heatstroke.

Many illnesses that afflict Volunteers worldwide are entirely preventable if proper food and water precautions are taken. These include food poisoning, parasitic infections, hepatitis A, dysentery, tapeworms, and typhoid fever. Your medical officer will discuss specific standards for water and food preparation in Bolivia during pre-service training.

Abstinence is the only certain choice for preventing infection with HIV and other STDs. You are taking risks if you choose to be sexually active. To lessen the risk, use a condom every time you have sex. Whether your partner is a host country citizen, a fellow Volunteer, or anyone else, do not assume this person is free of HIV/AIDS or other STDs. You will receive more information from the medical officer about this important issue.

Volunteers are expected to adhere to an effective means of birth control to prevent an unplanned pregnancy. Your medical officer can help you decide on the most appropriate method to suit your individual needs. Contraceptive methods are available without charge from the medical officer.

It is critical to your health that you promptly report to the medical office or other designated facility for scheduled immunizations and that you let your medical officer know immediately of significant illnesses and injuries.

Women’s Health Information[edit]

Pregnancy is treated in the same manner as other Volunteer health conditions that require medical attention but also have programmatic ramifications. The Peace Corps is responsible for determining the medical risk and the availability of appropriate medical care if the Volunteer remains in-country. Given the circumstances under which Volunteers live and work in Peace Corps countries, it is rare that the Peace Corps’ medical and programmatic standards for continued service during pregnancy can be met.

If feminine hygiene products are not available for you to purchase at your site or the closest departmental capital, the Peace Corps medical officer in Bolivia will provide them. If you require a specific feminine hygiene product, please bring a three-month supply with you.

Your Peace Corps Medical Kit[edit]

The Peace Corps medical officer provides Volunteers with a medical kit that contains basic items necessary to prevent and treat illnesses that may occur during service. Kit items can be periodically restocked at the medical office.

Medical Kit Contents[edit]

Ace bandages
Adhesive tape
Antacid tablets
Antibiotic ointment (Bacitracin/Neomycin/Polymycin B)
Antiseptic antimicrobial skin cleaner (Hibiclens)
Band-Aids
Calamine lotion
Cough suppresant tablets
Condoms
Dental floss
Diphenhydramine HCL 25 mg (Benadryl)
American Red Cross First Aid & Safety Handbook
Eye wash
Gauze pads
Hydrocortisone Cream
Ibuprofren 200 mg. tablets
Insect repellent
Iodine tablets (for water purification)
Latex gloves
Lip moisturizer with SPF 15
Oral rehydration salts
Oral thermometer (Fahrenheit)
Pepto Bismol tablets
Pseudoephedrine HCL 30 mg (Sudafed)
Scissors
Sterile gauze pads
Tinactin (antifungal cream)
Tylenol
Tweezers
Whistle

Before You Leave: A Medical Checklist[edit]

If there has been any change in your health—physical, mental, or dental—since you submitted your examination reports to the Peace Corps, you must immediately notify the Office of Medical Services. Failure to disclose existing or new illnesses, injuries, allergies, or pregnancy can endanger your health and may jeopardize your eligibility to serve. If your dental exam was done more than a year ago, or if your physical exam is more than two years old, contact the Office of Medical Services to find out whether you need to update your records.

If your dentist or Peace Corps dental consultant has recommended that you undergo dental treatment or repair, you must complete that work and make sure your dentist sends requested confirmation reports or X-rays to the Office of Medical Services.

If you wish to avoid having duplicate vaccinations, contact your physician’s office, obtain a copy of your immunization record, and bring it with you to Bolivia. If you have any immunizations prior to Peace Corps service, the Peace Corps cannot reimburse you for the cost. The Peace Corps will provide all the immunizations necessary for your overseas assignment shortly after you arrive in Bolivia. You do not need to begin taking malaria medication prior to departure.

Bring a three-month supply of any prescription or over-thecounter medication you use on a regular basis, including birth control pills. Although the Peace Corps cannot reimburse you for this three-month supply, it will order refills during your service. While awaiting shipment—which can take several months—you will be dependent on your own medication supply. Although the Peace Corps will provide you with multivitamins, it will not pay for herbal or nonprescribed medications, such as St. John’s wort, glucosamine, selenium, or antioxidant supplements.

You are encouraged to bring copies of medical prescriptions signed by your physician. This is not a requirement, but they might come in handy if you are questioned in transit about carrying a three-month supply of prescription drugs.

If you wear eyeglasses, bring two pairs with you—a pair and a spare. If a pair breaks, the Peace Corps will replace it using the information your doctor in the United States provided on the eyeglasses form during your examination. We discourage you from using contact lenses during your service to reduce your risk of developing a serious infection or other eye disease. Most Peace Corps countries do not have appropriate water and sanitation to support eye care with the use of contact lenses. The Peace Corps will not supply or replace contact lenses or associated solutions unless an ophthalmologist has recommended their use for a specific medical condition and the Peace Corps’ Office of Medical Services has given approval.

If you are eligible for Medicare, are over 50 years of age, or have a health condition that may restrict your future participation in health-care plans, you may wish to consult an insurance specialist about unique coverage needs before your departure. The Peace Corps will provide all necessary healthcare from the time you leave for your pre-departure orientation until you complete your service. When you finish, you will be entitled to the post-service healthcare benefits described in the Peace Corps Volunteer Handbook. You may wish to consider keeping an existing health plan in effect during your service if you think age or preexisting conditions might prevent you from reenrolling in your current plan when you return home.

Safety and Security—Our Partnership[edit]

Serving as a Volunteer overseas entails certain safety and security risks. Living and traveling in an unfamiliar environment, a limited understanding of the local language and culture, and the perception of being a wealthy American are some of the factors that can put a Volunteer at risk.

Property thefts and burglaries are not uncommon. Incidents of physical and sexual assault do occur, although almost all Volunteers complete their two years of service without serious personal safety problems. In addition, more than 84 percent of Volunteers surveyed in the 2004 Peace Corps Volunteer Survey say they would join the Peace Corps again.

The Peace Corps approaches safety and security as a partnership with you. This Welcome Book contains sections on: Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyle; Peace Corps Training; and Your Health Care and Safety. All of these sections include important safety and security information.

The Peace Corps makes every effort to give Volunteers the tools they need to function in the safest and most secure way possible, because working to maximize the safety and security of Volunteers is our highest priority. Not only do we provide you with training and tools to prepare for the unexpected, but we teach you to identify and manage the risks you may encounter.

Factors that Contribute to Volunteer Risk[edit]

There are several factors that can heighten a Volunteer’s risk, many of which are within the Volunteer’s control. Based on information gathered from incident reports worldwide in 2004, the following factors stand out as risk characteristics for assaults. Assaults consist of personal crimes committed against Volunteers, and do not include property crimes (such as vandalism or theft).

  • Location: Most crimes occurred when Volunteers were in public areas (e.g., street, park, beach, public buildings). Specifically, 43 percent of assaults took place when Volunteers were away from their sites.
  • Time of day: Assaults usually took place on the weekend during the evening between 5:00 p.m. and 2:00 a.m.— with most assaults occurring around 1:00 a.m.
  • Absence of others: Assaults usually occurred when the Volunteer was unaccompanied. In 82 percent of the sexual assaults the Volunteer was unaccompanied and in 55 percent of physical assaults the Volunteer was unaccompanied.
  • Relationship to assailant: In most assaults, the Volunteer did not know the assailant.
  • Consumption of alcohol: Forty percent of all assaults involved alcohol consumption by Volunteers and/or assailants.

Summary Strategies to Reduce Risk[edit]

Before and during service, your training will address these areas of concern so that you can reduce the risks you face.

For example, here are some strategies Volunteers employ:

Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of theft:

  • Know the environment and choose safe routes/times for travel
  • Avoid high-crime areas per Peace Corps guidance
  • Know the vocabulary to get help in an emergency
  • Carry valuables in different pockets/places
  • Carry a “dummy” wallet as a decoy Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of burglary:
  • Live with a local family or on a family compound
  • Put strong locks on doors and keep valuables in a lock box or trunk
  • Leave irreplaceable objects at home in the U.S.
  • Follow Peace Corps guidelines on maintaining home security

Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of assault:

  • Make local friends
  • Make sure your appearance is respectful of local customs; don’t draw negative attention to yourself by wearing inappropriate clothing
  • Get to know local officials, police, and neighbors
  • Travel with someone whenever possible
  • Avoid known high crime areas
  • Limit alcohol consumption

Support from Staff[edit]

In March 2003, the Peace Corps created the Office of Safety and Security with its mission to “foster improved communication, coordination, oversight, and accountability of all Peace Corps’ safety and security efforts.” The new office is led by an Associate Director for Safety and Security who reports to the Peace Corps Director and includes the following divisions: Volunteer Safety and Overseas Security; Information and Personnel Security; Emergency Preparedness, Plans, Training and Exercise; and Crime Statistics and Analysis.

The major responsibilities of the Volunteer Safety and Overseas Security Division are to coordinate the office’s overseas operations and direct the Peace Corps’ safety and security officers who are located in various regions around the world that have Peace Corps programs. The safety and security officers conduct security assessments; review safety trainings; train trainers and managers; train Volunteer safety wardens, local guards, and staff; develop security incident response procedures; and provide crisis management support.

If a trainee or Volunteer is the victim of a safety incident, Peace Corps staff is prepared to provide support. All Peace Corps posts have procedures in place to respond to incidents of crime committed against Volunteers. The first priority for all posts in the aftermath of an incident is to ensure that the Volunteer is safe and receiving medical treatment as needed. After assuring the safety of the Volunteer, Peace Corps staff provides support by reassessing the Volunteer’s work site and housing arrangements and making any adjustments, as needed. In some cases, the nature of the incident may necessitate a site or housing transfer. Peace Corps staff will also assist Volunteers with preserving their rights to pursue legal sanctions against the perpetrators of the crime. It is very important that Volunteers report incidents as they occur, not only to protect their peer Volunteers, but also to preserve the future right to prosecute. Should Volunteers decide later in the process that they want to proceed with the prosecution of their assailant, this option may no longer exist if the evidence of the event has not been preserved at the time of the incident.

The country-specific data chart below shows the incidence rates and the average number of incidents of the major types of safety incidents reported by Peace Corps Volunteers/ trainees in Bolivia as compared to all other Inter-America and Pacific region programs as a whole, from 2001–2005. It is presented to you in a somewhat technical manner for statistical accuracy.

To fully appreciate the collected data below, an explanation of the graph is provided as follows:

The incidence rate for each type of crime is the number of crime events relative to the Volunteer/trainee population.

It is expressed on the chart as a ratio of crime to Volunteer and trainee years (or V/T years, which is a measure of 12 full months of V/T service) to allow for a statistically valid way to compare crime data across countries. An “incident” is a specific offense, per Peace Corps' classification of offenses, and may involve one or more Volunteer/trainee victims. For example, if two Volunteers are robbed at the same time and place, this is classified as one robbery incident.

The chart is separated into eight crime categories. These include vandalism (malicious defacement or damage of property); theft (taking without force or illegal entry); burglary (forcible entry of a residence); robbery (taking something by force); minor physical assault (attacking without a weapon with minor injuries); minor sexual assault (fondling, groping, etc.); aggravated assault (attacking with a weapon, and/or without a weapon when serious injury results); and rape (sexual intercourse without consent).

When anticipating Peace Corps Volunteer service, you should review all of the safety and security information provided to you, including the strategies to reduce risk. Throughout your training and Volunteer service, you will be expected to successfully complete all training competencies in a variety of areas including safety and security. Once in-country, use the tools and information shared with you to remain as safe and secure as possible.

What if you become a victim of a violent crime?[edit]

Few Peace Corps Volunteers are victims of violent crimes. The Peace Corps will give you information and training in how to be safe. But, just as in the U.S., crime happens, and Volunteers can become victims. When this happens, the investigative team of the Office of Inspector General (OIG) is charged with helping pursue prosecution of those who perpetrate a violent crime against a Volunteer. If you become a victim of a violent crime, the decision to prosecute or not to prosecute is entirely yours, and one of the tasks of the OIG is to make sure that you are fully informed of your options and help you through the process and procedures involved in going forward with prosecution should you wish to do so. If you decide to prosecute, we are here to assist you in every way we can.

Crimes that occur overseas, of course, are investigated and prosecuted by local authorities in local courts. Our role is to coordinate the investigation and evidence collection with the regional security officers (RSOs) at the U.S. embassy, local police, and local prosecutors and others to ensure that your rights are protected to the fullest extent possible under the laws of the country. OIG investigative staff has extensive experience in criminal investigation, in working sensitively with victims, and as advocates for victims. We also, may, in certain limited circumstances, arrange for the retention of a local lawyer to assist the local public prosecutor in making the case against the individual who perpetrated the violent crime.

If you do become a victim of a violent crime, first, make sure you are in a safe place and with people you trust and second, contact the country director or the Peace Corps medical officer. Immediate reporting is important to the preservation of evidence and the chances of apprehending the suspect. Country directors and medical officers are required to report all violent crimes to the Inspector General and the RSO. This information is protected from unauthorized further disclosure by the Privacy Act. Reporting the crime also helps prevent your further victimization and protects your fellow Volunteers.

In conjunction with the RSO, the OIG does a preliminary investigation of all violent crimes against Volunteers regardless of whether the crime has been reported to local authorities or of the decision you may ultimately make to prosecute. If you are a victim of a crime, our staff will work with you through final disposition of the case. OIG staff is available 24 hours-a-day, 7 days-a-week. We may be contacted through our 24-hour violent crime hotline via telephone at 202.692.2911, or by e-mail at violentcrimehotline@peacecorps.gov.

Security Issues in Bolivia[edit]

When it comes to your safety and security in the Peace Corps, you have to be willing to adapt your behavior and lifestyle.

Peace Corps/Bolivia has a strict out-of-site policy. You must also minimize the potential for being a target of crime. As with anywhere in the world, crime does exist in Bolivia. You can reduce your risk by avoiding situations that make you feel uncomfortable and by taking precautions. Crime at the community or town level is less frequent than in the large cities; people know each other and generally will not steal from their neighbors. Tourist attractions in large towns, for instance, are favorite work sites for pickpockets and scam artists.

Extreme poverty and a poor economy have led to an increase in petty crimes in Bolivia. It is important to be especially alert and cautious in bus terminals, taxis, and other places frequented by travelers. Sessions will be held during training about common robbery scams and how to avoid them. For both economic and social reasons, harassment (especially sexual harassment) and assaults have also increased. Almost all recent incidents of harassment or assault of Volunteers have involved alcohol consumption by either the Volunteer or the assailant. Volunteers, especially women, should avoid going out alone, particularly at night and in larger communities.

Staying Safe: Don’t Be a Target for Crime[edit]

You must be prepared to take on a large responsibility for your own safety. Only you can make yourself less of a target, ensure that your home is secure, and develop relationships in your community that will make you an unlikely victim of crime. In coming to Bolivia, do what you would do if you moved to a new city in the United States: Be cautious, check things out, ask questions, learn about your neighborhood, know where the more risky locations are, use common sense, and be aware. You can significantly reduce your vulnerability to crime by integrating into your community, learning the local language, acting responsibly, and abiding by Peace Corps policies and procedures. Serving safely and effectively in Bolivia may require that you accept some restrictions on your current lifestyle.

Volunteers attract a lot of attention in large cities and at their sites, but they are likely to receive more negative attention in highly populated centers than at their sites, where “family,” friends, and colleagues look out for them. While whistles and exclamations are fairly common on the street, this behavior can be reduced if you dress conservatively, avoid culturally inappropriate eye contact, and do not respond to unwanted attention. In addition, keep your money out of sight by using an undergarment money pouch, the kind that stays hidden under your shirt or inside your coat. Do not keep your money in outside pockets of backpacks, in coat pockets, or in fanny packs. And always walk with a companion at night.

Preparing for the Unexpected: Safety Training and Volunteer Support in Bolivia[edit]

The Peace Corps’ approach to safety is a five-pronged plan to help you stay safe during your two-year service and includes the following: information sharing, Volunteer training, site selection criteria, a detailed emergency action plan, and protocols for addressing safety and security incidents. Bolivia’s in-country safety program is outlined below.

The Peace Corps/Bolivia staff will keep you informed of any issues that may impact Volunteer safety through information sharing. Regular updates will be provided via publications, meetings, and other methods. In the event of a critical situation or emergency, you will be contacted through the emergency communication network.

Volunteer training will include sessions on specific safety and security issues in Bolivia. This training will prepare you to adopt a culturally appropriate lifestyle and exercise judgment that promotes safety and reduces risk in your home, at work, and while traveling. Safety training is offered throughout service and is integrated into the language, cross-cultural, health, and other components of training.

Volunteers are required to live with a Bolivian family at their assigned sites for the duration of their service. Certain site selection criteria are used to find safe housing. The Peace Corps staff works closely with host communities and counterpart agencies to help prepare them for a Volunteer’s arrival and to establish expectations of their respective roles in supporting the Volunteer. Each site is inspected before a Volunteer’s arrival to ensure placement in appropriate, safe, and secure housing and work sites. Site selection is based in part on any relevant site history; access to medical, banking, postal, and other essential services; availability of communications, transportation, and markets; housing options and living arrangements; and other Volunteer support needs.

You will also learn about Peace Corps/Bolivia’s detailed emergency action plan, which is implemented in the event of civil or political unrest or a natural disaster. When you visit your assigned site during training, you will complete a site locator form with your address, contact information, and a map to your home stay house. If there is a security threat, you will gather with other Volunteers in Bolivia at predetermined locations until the situation is resolved or the Peace Corps decides to evacuate.

Finally, in order for the Peace Corps to be fully responsive to the needs of Volunteers, it is imperative that Volunteers fully comply with Peace Corps/Bolivia’s out-of-site policy and notification system, and immediately report any security incident to the Peace Corps medical officer. The Peace Corps has established protocols for addressing safety and security incidents in a timely and appropriate manner, and it collects and evaluates safety and security data to track trends and develop strategies to minimize risks to future Volunteers.