Difference between pages "Timeline" and "Health care and safety in Armenia"

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{{Health care and safety by country}}
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The Peace Corps’ highest priority is maintaining the good health and safety of every Volunteer. Peace Corps medical programs emphasize the preventive, rather than the curative, approach to disease. Peace Corps/Armenia maintains a clinic with two full-time medical officers, who take care of Volunteers’ primary healthcare needs. Additional medical services, such as testing and basic treatment, are also available at local hospitals. If you become seriously ill, you will be transported to the United States.
  
HELLO, Peace Corps Invitees!                     
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===Health Issues in Armenia===
  
Just scroll down until you see your country, and then just follow the pattern like the line above it. If you make a mistake, no problem!           
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Major health problems among Peace Corps Volunteers in Armenia are rare and are often the result of a Volunteer’s not taking preventive measures to stay healthy. The most common health problems in Armenia are minor ones that are also found in the Unites States, such as colds, diarrhea, constipation, sinus infections, skin infections, headaches, dental problems, minor injuries, STDs, emotional problems, and alcohol abuse. These problems may be more frequent or compounded by living in Armenia because certain environmental factors raise the risk or exacerbate the severity of illnesses and injuries.  
  
It is organized both by country and by date. You can add to both categories or just one, but it would be helpful for organization to add to both.             
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===Helping You Stay Healthy===
  
Don't forget to click 'Save Page' at the bottom to save your changes!
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The Peace Corps will provide you with all the necessary inoculations, medications, and information to stay healthy.  Upon your arrival in Armenia, you will receive a medical handbook and a medical kit (described later in this chapter).
  
There are actually four different places to add a new invitation. (We are working on a way to make it more efficient)
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During training, you will have access to basic medical supplies through the medical officer. However, you will be responsible for your own supply of prescription drugs and any other specific medical supplies you require, as the Peace Corps will not order these items during training. You must bring a three-month supply of any prescription drugs you use, since they may not be available in Armenia and it may take months for shipments to arrive.
a) TIMELINE, by date and country (where you are now)
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b) DEPARTURES BY MONTH page
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c) Individual [COUNTRY] page
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d) Specific MONTH_YEAR page
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Please add to as many places as you feel comfortable. Thanks! =)
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You will have physicals at the mid-service conference and at the end of your service. If you develop a serious medical problem during your service, the medical officer in Armenia will consult with the Office of Medical Services in Washington, D.C. If it is determined that your condition cannot be treated in Armenia, you may be sent out of the country for further evaluation and care.  
__NOTOC__
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<center><div style="border-right: 1px solid white; border-bottom: 1px solid white; background: yellow none repeat scroll 0% 0%; width: 20em; text-align: center; margin-right: 1em; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; font-size: 120%;"><div style="border: 1px solid rgb(170, 170, 170);"><div style="border-top: 1px solid white; border-left: 1px solid white;"><span class="plainlinks"> '''[http://peacecorpswiki.org/Timeline?title=Timeline&action=edit Click here to add your country or date!]'''</span></div></div></div></center> <!-- (End of Code for the Button) -->                                             
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<br><center><big>'''''(Receive an [[Help:Watching_pages | automatic e-mail notification]] when this page has been updated!)'''''</big></center>           
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[[Image:Pc-invite.jpg|thumb|left|"'''Congratulations!''' It is with great pleasure that we invite you to begin training in..."]][[Image:Invitepaperwork.JPG|thumb|right|''"Speaking of overwhelming...." (Invitee)'']] Please be sure to '''only''' add [[{{CURRENTYEAR}}]] invitations. We only want those, ''nothing'' from any "unofficial directories" we know of, and '''no''' speculations. Please remember that departures can always change, and this should be a guide only, nothing is set in stone. Especially in the Peace Corps! :)                                       
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==Timeline==
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===Maintaining Your Health===
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| width=20% | <div style="font-size: 13pt">'''By Date'''</div>             
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{| width=100%
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| width=20% | [http://peacecorpswiki.org/Timeline?title=Timeline&action=edit edit]
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<!-- *********************** BY DATE ***************** -->               
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As a Peace Corps Volunteer, you must accept considerable responsibility for your own health. Proper precautions will significantly reduce your risk of contracting a serious illness or sustaining a serious injury. The old adage, “An ounce of prevention equals a pound of cure,” becomes extremely important in areas where diagnostic and treatment facilities are not up to the standards of the United States. The most important of your responsibilities in Armenia is to take the following preventive measures:
[[2015]]
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[[January]] 10 = [[Thailand]] <br>
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Many illnesses that afflict Volunteers worldwide are entirely preventable if proper food and water precautions are taken. Your medical officer will discuss specific standards for water and food preparation in Armenia during pre-service training.
[[January]] 12 = [[Ethiopia]] <br>
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[[January]] 14 = [[Burkina Faso]] <br>
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[[January]] 23 = [[Vanuatu]] <br>
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[[January]] 27 = [[Ecuador]] <br>
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[[February]] 2-3 = [[Ghana]] <br>
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[[February]] = [[Madagascar]] <br>
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[[March]] 5 = [[Senegal]] <br>
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Abstinence is the only certain choice for preventing infection with HIV and other STDs. You are taking risks if you choose to be sexually active. To lessen risk, use a condom every time you have sex. Whether your partner is a host country citizen, a fellow Volunteer, or anyone else, do not assume this person is free of HIV/AIDS or other STDs. You will receive more information from the medical officer about this important issue.
[[March]] 6 = [[Paraguay]] <br>
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[[May]] 6 = [[Peru]] <br>
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Volunteers are expected to adhere to an effective means of birth control to prevent an unplanned pregnancy. Your medical officer can help you decide on the most appropriate method to suit your individual needs. Contraceptive methods are available without charge from the medical officer.
  
[[June]] 1 = [[Ghana]] <br>
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Volunteers are required to wear a protective helmet when riding a bicycle and to wear a seat belt when riding in Peace Corps vehicles. Failure to comply with this regulation will result in immediate administrative separation from the Peace Corps. This means you will be sent home; there is no appeal.
[[June]] 2 = [[The Gambia]] <br>
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[[June]] 22 = [[Benin]] <br>
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[[2014]]
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It is critical to your health that you promptly report to the medical office or other designated facility for scheduled immunizations, and that you let the medical officer know immediately of significant illnesses and injuries. In addition, you are expected to comply with any therapies recommended by the medical office or referral facility.
  
[[January]] 10 = [[Thailand]] <br>
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===Women’s Health Information===
January 13 = [[Morocco]] <br>
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January 14 = [[Ecuador]] <br>
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January 22 = [[South Africa]] <br>
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January 23 = [[Vanuatu]] <br>
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January 28 = [[El Salvador]] <br>
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January 29 = [[Paraguay]] <br>
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[[February]] 3-4 = [[Zambia]] <br>
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Pregnancy is treated in the same manner as other Volunteer health conditions that require medical attention but also have programmatic ramifications. The Peace Corps is responsible for determining the medical risk and the availability of appropriate medical care if the Volunteer remains in-country.  Given the circumstances under which Volunteers live and work in Peace Corps countries, it is rare that the Peace Corps’ medical and programmatic standards for continued service during pregnancy can be met.
February 4 = [[Ghana]] <br>
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February 10 = [[Ethiopia]] <br>
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February 11 = [[Guatemala]] <br>
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February 11 = [[Madagascar]] <br>
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February 12 = [[Tanzania]] <br>
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February 18 =[[Panama]] <br>
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[[March]] 3 = [[Senegal]] <br>
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Tampons are provided by the Peace Corps medical officer in Armenia. Sanitary napkins are available for purchase at local markets.
March 4 = [[Nicaragua]] <br>
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March 4 = [[Dominican Republic]] <br>
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March 10 = [[Jamaica]] <br>
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March 10 = [[Namibia]] <br>
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March 10 = [[Costa Rica]] <br>
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March 15 = [[Indonesia]] <br>
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March 17 = [[Albania]] <br>
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March 17 = [[Mexico]] <br>
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March 31 = [[Azerbaijan]] <br>
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[[April 23]] = [[Kyrgyz Republic]] <br>
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===Your Peace Corps Medical Kit===
April 27 = [[Georgia]] <br>
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April 28 = [[Guyana]] <br>
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[[May]] 27 = [[Cameroon]] <br>
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The Peace Corps medical officer provides Volunteers with a medical kit that contains basic items necessary to prevent and treat illnesses that may occur during service. The medical officer will provide additional items when appropriate for your individual situation. Kit items are intended for your own use and can be periodically restocked at the medical office.
May 13 = [[Ecuador]] <br>
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May 28 = [[Mozambique]] <br>
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May 21 = [[Paraguay]] <br>
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May 29 = [[Mongolia]] <br>
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[[June]] 2 = [[Burkina Faso]] <br>
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====Medical Kit Contents====
June 3 = [[Uganda]] <br>
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June 3 = [[Micronesia and Palau]] <br>
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June 3 = [[Lesotho]] <br>
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June 4 = [[Moldova]] <br>
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June 6 = [[Kosovo]] <br>
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June 5 = [[Malawi]] <br>
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June 10 = [[Zambia]] <br>
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June 10 = [[Madagascar]] <br>
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June 17 = [[Panama]] <br>
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June 19= [[China]] <br>
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June 22= [[Benin]] <br>
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June 26 = [[Belize]] <br>
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June 30 = [[Ethiopia]] <br>
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[[July]] 7 = [[Philippines]] <br>
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Ace bandages <br>
[[July]] 8 = [[Costa Rica]] <br>
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Adhesive tape <br>
July 10 = [[Cambodia]] <br>
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American Red Cross First Aid & Safety Handbook <br>
July 15 = [[El Salvador]] <br>
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Antacid tablets (Tums) <br>
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Antibiotic ointment (Bacitracin/Neomycin/Polymycin B) <br>
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Antiseptic antimicrobial skin cleaner (Hibiclens) <br>
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Band-Aids <br>
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Butterfly closures <br>
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Calamine lotion <br>
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Cepacol lozenges <br>
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Condoms <br>
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Dental floss <br>
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Diphenhydramine HCL 25&nbsp;mg (Benadryl) <br>
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Insect repellent stick (Cutter’s) <br>
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Iodine tablets (for water purification) <br>
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Lip balm (Chapstick) <br>
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Oral rehydration salts <br>
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Oral thermometer (Fahrenheit) <br>
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Pseudoephedrine HCL 30&nbsp;mg (Sudafed) <br>
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Robitussin-DM lozenges (for cough) <br>
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Scissors <br>
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Sterile gauze pads <br>
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Tetrahydrozaline eyedrops (Visine) <br>
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Tinactin (antifungal cream) <br>
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Tweezers <br>
  
[[August]] 10 = [[Botswana]] <br>
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===Before You Leave: A Medical Checklist===
[[August]] 12 = [[Nicaragua]] <br>
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[[August]] 26 = [[Armenia]] <br>
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September 3 = [[Fiji]] <br>
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The Peace Corps’ Office of Medical Services must complete a final review of your health records prior to your pre-departure orientation (staging). It is your responsibility to ensure that all medical and dental work and reports have been completed prior to staging. You will not be allowed to attend unless you have final medical and dental clearance.
September 5 = [[Nepal]] <br>
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September 9 = [[Rwanda]] <br>
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September 9 = [[Cameroon]] <br>
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September 11 = [[Peru]] <br>
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September 12 = [[Macedonia]] <br>
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September 17 = [[Paraguay]] <br>
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September 22 = [[Senegal]] <br>
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[[October]] 9 = [[Lesotho]] <br>
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If there has been any change in your health—physical, mental, or dental—since you submitted your examination reports to the Peace Corps, you must immediately notify the Office of Medical Services. Failure to disclose new illnesses, injuries, allergies, or pregnancy can endanger your health and may jeopardize your eligibility to serve.
[[October]] 14 =[[Guatemala]] <br>
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[[October]] 14 = [[The Gambia]] <br>
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[[October]]  14=[[Jordan]]<br>
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[[November]] 12 = [[Uganda]] <br>
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[[2013]]
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If your dental exam was done more than a year ago, or if your physical exam is more than two years old, contact the Office of Medical Services to find out whether you need to update your records. If your dentist or Peace Corps dental consultant has recommended that you undergo dental treatment or repair, you must complete that work and make sure your dentist sends requested confirmation reports or X-rays to the Office of Medical Services.
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[[January]] 11 = [[Thailand]] <br>
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January 14 = [[Morocco]] <br>
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January 15 = [[Ecuador]] <br>
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January 24 = [[South Africa]] <br>
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January 29 = [[El Salvador]] <br>
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[[February]] 10 = [[Ethiopia]] <br>
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If you wish to avoid having duplicate vaccinations, contact your physician’s office, obtain a copy of your immunization record, and bring it to your pre-departure orientation. If you have had any immunizations prior to Peace Corps service, the Peace Corps cannot reimburse you for their cost. The Peace Corps will provide all the immunizations necessary for your overseas assignment shortly after you arrive in Armenia.
February 11 = [[Zambia]] <br>
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February 12 = [[Guatemala]] <br>
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February 13 = [[Paraguay]] <br>
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February 19 = [[Panama]]  <br>
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[[March]] 4 = [[Madagascar]] <br>
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Bring a three-month supply of any prescription or over-thecounter medication you use on a regular basis, including birth control pills. Although the Peace Corps cannot reimburse you for this three-month supply, it will order refills during your service. While awaiting shipment—which can take several months—you will be dependent on your own medication supply. The Peace Corps will not pay for herbal or nonprescribed medications, such as St. John’s wort, glucosamine, selenium, or antioxidant supplements.
March 5 = [[Senegal]] <br>
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March 5 = [[Malawi]] <br>
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March 5 = [[The Gambia]] <br>
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March 5 = [[Dominican Republic]]  <br>
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March 11 = [[Jamaica]] <br>
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March 11 = [[Costa Rica]] <br>
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March 15 = [[Nicaragua]] <br>
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March 18 = [[Albania]] <br>
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March 23 = [[Uganda]] <br>
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March 25 = [[Ukraine]] <br>
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[[April]] 4=[[Azerbaijan]] <br>
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You are encouraged to bring copies of medical prescriptions signed by your physician. This is not a requirement, but they might come in handy if you are questioned in transit about carrying a three-month supply of prescription drugs.
April 7=[[Indonesia]] <br>
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April 16=[[Kyrgyz Republic]] <br>
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April 21=[[Georgia]] <br>
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April 24=[[Uganda]] <br>
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[[May]] 1=[[Guyana]] <br>
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If you wear eyeglasses, bring two pairs with you—a pair and a spare. If a pair breaks, the Peace Corps will replace it, using the information your doctor in the United States provided on the eyeglasses form during your examination. The Peace Corps discourages you from using contact lenses during your service because the necessary solutions are not available in-country and the Peace Corps does not supply them.
May 14=[[Ecuador]] <br>
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May 20=[[Armenia]] <br>
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May 29=[[Mozambique]] <br>
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May 29=[[Paraguay]] <br>
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[[June]] 1=[[Mongolia]] <br>
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If you are eligible for Medicare, are more than 50 years of age, or have a health condition that may restrict your future participation in healthcare plans, you may wish to consult an insurance specialist about unique coverage needs before your departure. The Peace Corps will provide all necessary healthcare from the time you leave for your pre-departure orientation until you complete your service. When you finish, you will be entitled to the post-service healthcare benefits described in the Peace Corps Volunteer Handbook. You may wish to keep an existing health plan in effect during your service if you think age or preexisting conditions might prevent you from reenrolling in your current plan when you return home.
June 4 = [[Micronesia]] <br>
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June 4 = [[Moldova]] <br>
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June 5 = [[Togo]] <br>
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June 7 = [[Peru]] <br>
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June 10 = [[Togo]] <br>
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June 11 = [[Zambia]] <br>
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June 11 = [[Rwanda]] <br>
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June 17 = [[Sierra Leone]] <br>
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June 18 = [[Guatemala]] <br>
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June 18 = [[Panama]] <br>
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June 24 = [[Benin]] <br>
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June 25 = [[Swaziland]] <br>
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June 25 = [[Belize]] <br>
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June 27 = [[China]] <br>
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[[July]] 1= [[Ethiopia]] <br>
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===Safety and Security—Our Partnership===
July 1 = [[Guinea]] <br>
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July 3 = [[Tanzania]] <br>
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July 4 = [[South Africa]] <br>
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July 5 = [[Philippines]] <br>
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July 8 = [[Costa Rica]] <br>
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July 8 = [[Madagascar]] <br>
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July 9 = [[Cambodia]] <br>
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July 12 = [[Cambodia]] <br>
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July 22 = [[Namibia]] <br>
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July 23 = [[El Salvador]]
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[[August]] 12 = [[Botswana]] <br>
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Serving as a Volunteer overseas entails certain safety and security risks. Living and traveling in an unfamiliar environment, a limited understanding of the local language and culture, and the perception of being a wealthy American are some of the factors that can put a Volunteer at risk.  Property thefts and burglaries are not uncommon. Incidents of physical and sexual assault do occur, although almost all Volunteers complete their two years of service without serious personal safety problems. In addition, more than 84 percent of Volunteers surveyed in the 2004 Peace Corps Volunteer Survey say they would join the Peace Corps again.
August 13 = [[Nicaragua]] <br>
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August 15 = [[Ukraine]] <br>
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August 20 = [[Dominican Republic]] <br>
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August 25 = [[Mexico]] <br>
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August 27 = [[Colombia]] <br>
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[[September]] 1 = [[Fiji]] <br>
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The Peace Corps approaches safety and security as a partnership with you. This Welcome Book contains sections on: Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyle; Peace Corps Training; and Your Health Care and Safety. All of these sections include important safety and security information.
September 1 = [[Tonga]] <br>
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September 10 = [[Rwanda]] <br>
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September 11 = [[Cameroon]] <br>
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September 12 = [[Peru]] <br>
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September 13 = [[Macedonia]] <br>
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September 16 = [[Ukraine]] <br>
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September 24 = [[Mozambique]] <br>
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September 24 = [[Senegal]] <br>
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September 25 = [[Paraguay]] <br>
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September 28 = [[Kenya]] <br>
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[[October]] 1 = [[Kenya]] <br>
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The Peace Corps makes every effort to give Volunteers the tools they need to function in the safest and most secure way possible, because working to maximize the safety and security of Volunteers is our highest priority. Not only do we provide you with training and tools to prepare for the unexpected, but we teach you to identify and manage the risks you may encounter.
October 7 = [[Burkina Faso]] <br>
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October 9 = [[Lesotho]] <br>
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[[November]] 11=[[Uganda]] <br>
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===Factors that Contribute to Volunteer Risk===
  
[[December]] 2=[[Guinea]] <br>
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There are several factors that can heighten a Volunteer’s risk, many of which are within the Volunteer’s control.  Based on information gathered from incident reports worldwide in 2004, the following factors stand out as risk characteristics for assaults. Assaults consist of personal crimes committed against Volunteers, and do not include property crimes (such as vandalism or theft).
  
[[2012]]
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* Location: Most crimes occurred when Volunteers were in public areas (e.g., street, park, beach, public buildings). Specifically, 43 percent of assaults took place when Volunteers were away from their sites.
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* Time of day: Assaults usually took place on the weekend during the evening between 5:00 p.m. and 2:00 a.m.— with most assaults occurring around 1:00 a.m.
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* Absence of others: Assaults usually occurred when the Volunteer was unaccompanied. In 82 percent of the sexual assaults the Volunteer was unaccompanied and in 55 percent of physical assaults the Volunteer was unaccompanied.
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* Relationship to assailant: In most assaults, the Volunteer did not know the assailant.
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* Consumption of alcohol: Forty percent of all assaults involved alcohol consumption by Volunteers and/or assailants.
  
[[January]] 3 = [[Guatemala]] <br>
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===Summary Strategies to Reduce Risk===
January 8 = [[Thailand]] <br>
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January 10 = [[Nicaragua]] <br>
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January 10 = [[Panama]] <br>
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January 18 = [[Ecuador]] <br>
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January 23 = [[South Africa]] <br>
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January 24 = [[El Salvador]]  <br>
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January 24 = [[Zambia]] <br>
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January 26 = [[St. Vincent and the Grenadines]] <br>
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January 30 = [[Guyana]]  <br>
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[[February]] 6= [[Ghana]] <br>
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Before and during service, your training will address these areas of concern so that you can reduce the risks you face.
February 8= [[Paraguay]] <br>
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February 12= [[Tanzania]] <br>
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February 20= [[Costa Rica]] <br>
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February 21= [[Kazakhstan]] <br>
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February 22= [[Honduras]] <br>
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February 27= [[Madagascar]] <br>
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February 28= [[Dominican Republic]] <br>
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For example, here are some strategies Volunteers employ:
  
[[March]] 5= [[Malawi]] <br>
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<u>Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of theft: </u>
March 6=  [[Senegal]] <br>
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March 6=  [[The Gambia]] <br>
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March 12= [[Ukraine]] <br>
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March 13= [[Jamaica]] <br>
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March 19= [[Morocco]] <br>
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[[April]] 24= [[Uganda]] <br>
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* Know the environment and choose safe routes/times for travel
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* Avoid high-crime areas per Peace Corps guidance
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* Know the vocabulary to get help in an emergency
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* Carry valuables in different pockets/places
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* Carry a “dummy” wallet as a decoy Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of burglary:
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* Live with a local family or on a family compound
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* Put strong locks on doors and keep valuables in a lock box or trunk
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* Leave irreplaceable objects at home in the U.S.
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* Follow Peace Corps guidelines on maintaining home security Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of assault:
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* Make local friends
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* Make sure your appearance is respectful of local customs; don’t draw negative attention to yourself by wearing inappropriate clothing
 +
* Get to know local officials, police, and neighbors
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* Travel with someone whenever possible
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* Avoid known high crime areas
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* Limit alcohol consumption
  
[[May]] 1= [[Panama]] <br>
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===Support from Staff===
May 7= [[Rwanda]] <br>
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May 8= [[Nicaragua]] <br>
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May 16= [[Ecuador]] <br>
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May 21= [[Ethiopia]] <br>
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May 30= [[Paraguay]] <br>
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May 31= [[Mali]] <br>
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May 31= [[Togo]] <br>
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[[June]] 1= [[Mongolia]] <br>
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In March 2003, the Peace Corps created the Office of Safety and Security with its mission to “foster improved communication, coordination, oversight, and accountability of all Peace Corps’ safety and security efforts.” The new office is led by an Associate Director for Safety and Security who reports to the Peace Corps Director and includes the following divisions: Volunteer Safety and Overseas Security; Information and Personnel Security; Emergency Preparedness, Plans, Training and Exercise; and Crime Statistics and Analysis.
June 4= [[Costa Rica]] <br>
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June 4= [[Burkina Faso]] <br>
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June 5= [[Swaziland]] <br>
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June 6= [[Cameroon]] <br>
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June 6= [[Liberia]] <br>
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June 12= [[Senegal]] <br>
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June 27= [[Benin]] <br>
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June 29= [[China]] <br>
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[[2011]]
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The major responsibilities of the Volunteer Safety and Overseas Security Division are to coordinate the office’s overseas operations and direct the Peace Corps’ safety and security officers who are located in various regions around the world that have Peace Corps programs. The safety and security officers conduct security assessments; review safety trainings; train trainers and managers; train Volunteer safety wardens, local guards, and staff; develop security incident response procedures; and provide crisis management support.
  
[[June]] 1 = [[Cameroon]] <br>             
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If a trainee or Volunteer is the victim of a safety incident, Peace Corps staff is prepared to provide support. All Peace Corps posts have procedures in place to respond to incidents of crime committed against Volunteers. The first priority for all posts in the aftermath of an incident is to ensure that the Volunteer is safe and receiving medical treatment as needed.  After assuring the safety of the Volunteer, Peace Corps staff provide support by reassessing the Volunteer’s work site and housing arrangements and making any adjustments, as needed. In some cases, the nature of the incident may necessitate a site or housing transfer. Peace Corps staff will also assist Volunteers with preserving their rights to pursue legal sanctions against the perpetrators of the crime. It is very important that Volunteers report incidents as they occur, not only to protect their peer Volunteers, but also to preserve the future right to prosecute. Should Volunteers decide later in the process that they want to proceed with the prosecution of their assailant, this option may no longer exist if the evidence of the event has not been preserved at the time of the incident.
June 1 = [[Sierra Leone]] <br>
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June 1 = [[Ecuador]] <br>
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June 1 = [[Mali]] <br>
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June 1 = [[Sierra Leone]] <br>
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June 1 = [[Armenia]] <br>
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June 1 = [[Togo]] <br>
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June 2 = [[Mongolia]] <br>
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June 2 = [[Mozambique]] <br>
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June 2 = [[Swaziland]] <br>
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June 6 = [[Burkina Faso]]<br>
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June 6 = [[Kenya]] <br>
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June 6 = [[Ghana]] <br>
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June 7 = [[Moldova]] <br>
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June 8 = [[Liberia]] <br>
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June 9 = [[Peru]] <br>
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June 13 - [[Tanzania]] <br>
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June 13 = [[Senegal]] <br>
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June 14 = [[Malawi]] <br>
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June 28 = [[The Gambia]] <br>
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June 28 = [[Jamaica]] <br>
+
June 29 = [[Benin]] <br>
+
June 29 = [[China]]<br>
+
  
[[July]] 1 = [[Philippines]]<br>
+
The country-specific data chart below shows the incidence rates and the average number of incidents of the major types of safety incidents reported by Peace Corps Volunteers/ trainees in Armenia as compared to all other Europe, Mediterranean, and Asia (EMA) region programs as a whole, from 2001–2005. It is presented to you in a somewhat technical manner for statistical accuracy.
July 5 = [[South Africa]]<br>
+
July 6 = [[Honduras]]<br>
+
July 6 = [[Guinea]]<br>
+
July 11 = [[Madagascar]]<br>
+
July 13 = [[Cape Verde]]<br>
+
July 18 = [[Zambia]]<br>
+
July 19 = [[El Salvador]]<br>
+
July 22 = [[Cambodia]]<br>
+
  
[[August]] 1 = [[Zambia]] <br>             
+
To fully appreciate the collected data below, an explanation of the graph is provided as follows:
August 3 = [[Uganda]]<br>
+
August 8 = [[Guatemala]]<br>
+
August 12 = [[Botswana]] <br>
+
August 16 = [[Panama]]<br>
+
August 17 = [[Cameroon]]<br>
+
August 17 = [[Dominican Republic]]<br>             
+
August 17 = [[Kazakhstan]]<br>
+
August 18 = [[Namibia]]<br>
+
August 29 = [[Senegal]]<br>
+
August 29 = [[Mexico]]<br>
+
August 30 = [[Nicaragua]]<br>
+
  
[[September]] 9 = [[Macedonia]]<br>
+
The incidence rate for each type of crime is the number of crime events relative to the Volunteer/trainee population.  It is expressed on the chart as a ratio of crime to Volunteer and trainee years (or V/T years, which is a measure of 12 full months of V/T service) to allow for a statistically valid way to compare crime data across countries. An “incident” is a specific offense, per Peace Corps' classification of offenses, and may involve one or more Volunteer/trainee victims. For example, if two Volunteers are robbed at the same time and place, this is classified as one robbery incident.
September 12 = [[Morocco]]<br>
+
September 12 = [[Rwanda]]<br>
+
September 15 = [[Botswana]]<br>
+
September 15 = [[Peru]]<br>
+
September 14 = [[Togo]]<br>
+
September 19 = [[Ukraine]]<br>
+
September 21 = [[Cameroon]]<br>
+
September 21 = [[Ukraine]]<br>
+
September 22 = [[Azerbaijan]]<br>
+
September 27 = [[Paraguay]]<br>
+
September 29 = [[Turkmenistan]]<br>
+
September 30 = [[Mozambique]]<br>
+
  
[[October]] 3 = [[Kenya]]<br>
+
The chart is separated into eight crime categories. These include vandalism (malicious defacement or damage of property); theft (taking without force or illegal entry);
October 04 = [[Ghana]]<br>
+
October 05 = [[Ethiopia]]<br>
+
October 07 = [[Vanuatu]]<br>
+
October 09 = [[Burkina Faso]] <br>
+
October 10 = [[Kenya]]<br>
+
October 10 = [[Tanzania]] <br>
+
October 12 = [[Lesotho]] <br>
+
October 12 = [[Colombia]] <br>
+
October 18 = [[Jordan]] <br>
+
October 28 = [[Mali]] <br>
+
  
[[November]] 28 = [[Guinea]] <br>
+
burglary (forcible entry of a residence); robbery (taking something by force); minor physical assault (attacking without a weapon with minor injuries); minor sexual assault (fondling, groping, etc.); aggravated assault (attacking with a weapon, and/or without a weapon when serious injury results); and rape (sexual intercourse without consent).
  
 +
When anticipating Peace Corps Volunteer service, you should review all of the safety and security information provided to you, including the strategies to reduce risk. Throughout your training and Volunteer service, you will be expected to successfully complete all training competencies in a variety of areas including safety and security. Once in-country, use the tools and information shared with you to remain as safe and secure as possible.
  
|<div style="font-size: 13pt">'''By Country'''</div>
+
===What If You Become a Victim of a Violent Crime?===
{| width=60%
+
| width=60% | [http://peacecorpswiki.org/Timeline?title=Timeline&action=edit edit]
+
| width=60% |             
+
| width=60% |             
+
|}
+
-----
+
{|border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
+
|- valign="top"
+
  
| Albania
+
Few Peace Corps Volunteers are victims of violent crimes. The Peace Corps will give you information and training in how to be safe. But, just as in the U.S., crime happens, and Volunteers can become victims. When this happens, the investigative team of the Office of Inspector General (OIG) is charged with helping pursue prosecution of those who perpetrate a violent crime against a Volunteer. If you become a victim of a violent crime, the decision to prosecute or not to prosecute is entirely yours, and one of the tasks of the OIG is to make sure that you are fully informed of your options and help you through the process and procedures involved in going forward with prosecution should you wish to do so. If you decide to prosecute, we are here to assist you in every way we can.
|2010 Albania Mar 17 <br>
+
 
2011 Albania Mar 14<br>
+
Crimes that occur overseas, of course, are investigated and prosecuted by local authorities in local courts. Our role is to coordinate the investigation and evidence collection with the regional security officers (RSOs) at the U.S. embassy, local police, and local prosecutors and others to ensure that your rights are protected to the fullest extent possible under the laws of the country. OIG investigative staff has extensive experience in criminal investigation, in working sensitively with victims, and as advocates for victims. We also, may, in certain limited circumstances, arrange for the retention of a local lawyer to assist the local public prosecutor in making the case against the individual who perpetrated the violent crime.
2012 Albania Mar 14<br>
+
 
2012 Albania Mar 18<br>
+
If you do become a victim of a violent crime, first, make sure you are in a safe place and with people you trust and second, contact the country director or the Peace Corps medical officer. Immediate reporting is important to the preservation of evidence and the chances of apprehending the suspect. Country directors and medical officers are required to report all violent crimes to the Inspector General and the RSO. This information is protected from unauthorized further disclosure by the Privacy Act. Reporting the crime also helps prevent your further victimization and protects your fellow Volunteers.
2013 Albania Mar 18 Philadelphia<br>
+
 
2014 Albania Mar 17 Washington D.C. G18 <br>
+
In conjunction with the RSO, the OIG does a preliminary investigation of all violent crimes against Volunteers regardless of whether the crime has been reported to local authorities or of the decision you may ultimately make to prosecute. If you are a victim of a crime, our staff will work with you through final disposition of the case. OIG staff is available 24 hours-a-day, 7 days-a-week. We may be contacted through our 24-hour violent crime hotline via telephone at 202.692.2911, or by e-mail at violentcrimehotline@peacecorps.gov.
2015 Albania Mar 13
+
 
|-
+
===Security Issues in Armenia===
|Armenia
+
 
|2010 Armenia May 27 Philadelphia<br>             
+
When it comes to your safety and security in the Peace Corps, you have to be willing to adapt your behavior and lifestyle to minimize the potential for being a target of crime. As with anywhere in the world, crime does exist in Armenia. Trainees and Volunteers are always responsible for taking care of themselves and their possessions. You can reduce your risk by avoiding situations that make you feel uncomfortable and by taking precautions. Some safety concerns in Armenia follow.
2011 Armenia May 26 Philadelphia<br>       
+
 
2011 Armenia June 1 Philadelphia A19<br>
+
Motor vehicle accidents. Using local transportation and crossing the street safely are the greatest safety risks in Armenia. Volunteers are discouraged from traveling at night and when road conditions are bad, especially in the winter.  Public transportation is usually by minivans, many of which are old and in poor condition. Seat belts in cars and vans are nonexistent. Pedestrians in cities have to be especially cautious; although crosswalks exist, they are not usually recognized by drivers. Also, it is common for drivers to not turn on headlights at night, making it difficult to see oncoming traffic.
2012 Armenia May 24 <br>
+
 
2013 Armenia May 20<br>
+
Robbery/burglary. The homes of some Volunteers have been robbed in the past, so you will need to take the same precautions you would take in the United States. The Peace Corps will advise you on home safety during training and will reimburse you for the costs of installing peepholes, proper door locks, and hallway lighting. Do not bring valuables with you to Armenia.
|-
+
 
|Azerbaijan
+
Border conflicts. Since the cease-fire agreement with Azerbaijan in 1994, border incidents have been rare. Volunteers are placed near some border areas, but only after these areas have been free from incidents for several years. There are occasional reports of incidents along the “line of contact” (an area within Azerbaijan) between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces.
|2010 Azerbaijan September 23 Philadelphia<br>
+
 
2011 Azerbaijan September 22<br>
+
Harassment. Volunteers have reported varying levels of harassment, such as having objects thrown at them by teenagers, being called derogatory names, and overt sexual comments. Strategies for coping with harassment will be discussed during pre-service training.
2013 Azerbaijan April 4<br>
+
 
2014 Azerbaijan March 31<br>
+
Alcohol abuse. Making toasts with alcohol is a prevalent social custom in Armenia. Male Volunteers, especially, may be pressured to drink at social gatherings and even during normal daily activities such as community meetings. Strategies for avoiding drinking and drinking responsibly will be discussed during pre-service training.
|-
+
 
|Belize 
+
Threat of sexual assault. Volunteers have been targets of sexual assault in Armenia, which is often associated with cross-cultural differences in gender relations and alcohol consumption. Volunteers who take seriously the safety training provided by the Peace Corps can minimize their risk.
|2010 Belize March 24 Dallas <br>
+
 
2011 Belize March 22 Miami<br>
+
===Staying Safe: Don’t Be a Target for Crime===
2013 Belize June 25 <br>
+
 
2014 Belize June 26<br>
+
You must be prepared to take a large degree of responsibility for your own safety. Only you can make yourself less of a target, ensure that your house is secure, and develop relations in your community that will make you an unlikely victim of crime. In coming to Armenia, do what you would do if you moved to a large city in the United States: Be cautious, check things out, ask questions, learn about your neighborhood, know where the more risky locations are, use common sense, and be aware. You can reduce your vulnerability to crime by integrating into your community, learning the local language, acting responsibly, and abiding by Peace Corps policies and procedures. Serving safely and effectively in Armenia may require that you accept some restrictions on your current lifestyle.
|-
+
 
| Benin 
+
Volunteers attract a lot of attention both in large cities and at their sites, but they are likely to receive more negative attention in highly populated centers than at their sites, where “family,” friends, and colleagues look out for them. While whistles and exclamations are fairly common on the street, this behavior can be reduced if you dress conservatively, avoid eye contact, and do not respond to unwanted attention.  In addition, keep your money out of sight by using an undergarment money pouch (the kind that hangs around your neck and stays hidden under your shirt or inside your coat).  Do not keep your money in outside pockets of backpacks, in coat pockets, or in fanny packs. And always walk with a companion at night.
|2010 Benin July 14 Philadelphia<br>
+
 
2011 Benin June 29 Philadelphia<br>   
+
===Preparing for the Unexpected: Safety Training and Volunteer Support in Armenia===
2012 Benin June 27<br>       
+
 
2013 Benin June 24<br>       
+
The Peace Corps’ approach to safety is a five-pronged plan to help you stay safe during your two-year service and includes the following: information sharing, Volunteer training, site selection criteria, a detailed emergency action plan, and protocols for addressing safety and security incidents. Armenia’s in-country safety program is outlined below.
2014 Benin June 22<br>       
+
 
|-
+
The Peace Corps/Armenia office will keep Volunteers apprised of any issues that may impact Volunteer safety through information sharing. Regular updates will be provided in Volunteer newsletters and in memorandums from the country director. In the event of a critical situation or emergency, Volunteers will be contacted through the emergency communication network.
|Botswana
+
 
|2010 Botswana April 10 Philadelphia<br>
+
Volunteer training will include sessions to prepare you for specific safety and security issues in Armenia. This training will prepare you to adopt a culturally appropriate lifestyle and exercise judgment that promotes safety and reduces risk in your home, at work, and while traveling. Safety training is offered throughout your two-year service and is integrated into the language, cross-cultural, health, and other components of training.
2011 Botswana April 1 Philadelphia <br>
+
 
2011 Botswana September 15 Philadelphia<br>
+
Certain site selection criteria are used to determine safe housing for Volunteers before their arrival. The Peace Corps staff works closely with host communities and counterpart agencies to help prepare them for a Volunteer’s arrival and to establish expectations of their respective roles in supporting the Volunteer. Each site is inspected before a Volunteer’s arrival to ensure placement in appropriate, safe, and secure housing and work sites. Site selection is based in part on any relevant site history; access to medical, banking, postal, and other essential services; availability of communications, transportation, and markets; housing options and living arrangements; and other Volunteer support needs.
2013 Botswana August 12 <br>
+
 
2014 Botswana August 10 <br>
+
You will also learn about Peace Corps/Armenia’s detailed emergency action plan, which is implemented in the event of civil or political unrest or a natural disaster. When you arrive at your site, you will complete and submit a site locator form with your address, contact information, and a map to your house. If there is a security threat, Volunteers in Armenia will gather at predetermined locations until the situation is resolved or the Peace Corps decides to evacuate.  
|-
+
 
|Bolivia
+
Finally, in order for the Peace Corps to be fully responsive to the needs of Volunteers, it is imperative that Volunteers immediately report any security incident to the Peace Corps safety and security coordinator or medical officer. The Peace Corps has established protocols for addressing safety and security incidents in a timely and appropriate manner, and it collects and evaluates safety and security data to track trends and develop strategies to minimize risks to future Volunteers.
|
+
 
|-
+
[[Category:Armenia]]
|Bulgaria
+
[[Category:Health care and safety]]
|2009 Bulgaria  Washington, DC<br>
+
[[Category:Health and Safety]]
2010 Bulgaria May 10 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Bulgaria March 28 Philadelphia B27 June 10<br>
+
|-
+
|Burkina Faso
+
|2010 Burkina Faso June 9 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Burkina Faso June 21 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Burkina Faso October 13 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Burkina Faso May 23 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Burkina Faso June 6 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Burkina Faso October 9 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Burkina Faso June 4 <br>
+
2013 Burkina Faso October 7  <br>
+
2014 Burkina Faso June 7  <br>
+
2015 Burkina Faso January 14  <br>
+
|-
+
|Cambodia
+
|2010 Cambodia July 19 San Francisco <br>
+
2011 Cambodia July 22 San Francisco K5 <br>
+
2013 Cambodia July 9 <br>
+
2013 Cambodia July 12 <br>
+
|-
+
|Cameroon
+
|2010 Cameroon June 2 Philadelphia<br>
+
2010 Cameroon September 15 <br>
+
2011 Cameroon June 1 <br>
+
2011 Cameroon August 17 <br>
+
2011 Cameroon September 21 <br>
+
2013 Cameroon May 29 <br>
+
2013 Cameroon September 11<br>
+
2014 Cameroon May 28 <br>
+
|-
+
|Cape Verde
+
|2010 Cape Verde July 15 Boston<br>
+
2011 Cape Verde July 13 Boston <br>
+
|-
+
|China
+
|2010 China June 29 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 China June 29 Chicago <br>
+
2012 China June 29 <br>
+
2013 China June 27 San Francisco<br>
+
2014 China June 19 Los Angeles <br>
+
|-
+
|Colombia
+
|2011 Colombia October 12 Miami <br>
+
2013 Colombia August 27 <br>
+
|-
+
|Costa Rica
+
|2010 Costa Rica March 1 Washington, DC<br>
+
2010 Costa Rica October 4 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Costa Rica February 20 <br>
+
2012 Costa Rica June 4 <br>
+
2013 Costa Rica March 11 <br>
+
2013 Costa Rica July 8 <br>
+
2015 Costa Rica March 9 <br>
+
|-
+
|Dominican Republic
+
|2010 Dominican Republic March 2 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Dominican Republic August 18 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Dominican Republic March 1 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Dominican Republic August 17 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Dominican Republic February 28 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Dominican Republic March 5 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Dominican Republic August 20 <br>
+
2014 Dominican Republic March 4 <br>
+
|-
+
|Eastern Caribbean
+
|2010 Eastern Caribbean February 15 Miami <br>
+
2010 Eastern Caribbean August 23 Miami <br>
+
2011 Eastern Caribbean January 27 <br>
+
2013 Eastern Caribbean January 24 <br>
+
|-
+
|Ecuador
+
|2010 Ecuador February 16 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Ecuador June 15 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Ecuador February 2 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Ecuador June 1 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Ecuador January 18 Dallas, TX <br>
+
2013 Ecuador January 15 <br>
+
2013 Ecuador May 14 <br>
+
2014 Ecuador January 13 <br>
+
2014 Ecuador May 13 <br>
+
  |-
+
|El Salvador
+
|2010 El Salvador February 2 Washington, DC<br>
+
2010 El Salvador July 20 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 El Salvador January 18 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 El Salvador July 19 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 El Salvador January 24 cancelled <br>
+
2012 El Salvador January 29 Washington, DC<br>
+
2013 El Salvador January 29 <br>
+
2013 El Salvador July 23 Washington, DC <br>
+
2014 El Salvador January 28 <br>
+
|-
+
|Ethiopia
+
|2010 Ethiopia September 13 Atlanta <br>
+
2011 Ethiopia May 23 Atlanta <br>
+
2013 Ethiopia July 1 <br>
+
2014 Ethiopia February 10<br>
+
|-
+
|Fiji
+
|2010 Fiji May 19 Los Angeles<br>
+
2011 Fiji May 17 Los Angeles <br>
+
2013 Fiji September 3 <br>
+
|-
+
|Gambia, The
+
|2010 The Gambia June 29 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 The Gambia January 4 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 The Gambia June 28 Chicago <br>
+
2012 The Gambia March 6 Washington, DC<br>
+
2013 The Gambia March 5  <br>
+
2014 The Gambia October 14 <br>
+
2015 The Gambia June 2 <br>
+
|-
+
|Georgia
+
|2010 Georgia April 26 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Georgia April 25 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Georgia May 29 <br>
+
2013 Georgia April 21 <br>
+
2014 Georgia April 27 <br>
+
|-
+
|Ghana
+
|2010 Ghana June 1 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Ghana June 6 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Ghana October 4 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Ghana February 6 Philadelphia <br>
+
2013 Ghana February 6 <br>
+
2014 Ghana February 3 <br>
+
2015 Ghana February 2 <br>
+
2015 Ghana June 1 <br>
+
|-
+
|Guatemala
+
|2009 Guatemala January 6 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Guatemala January 4 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Guatemala April 28 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Guatemala August 10 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Guatemala January 4 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Guatemala April 27 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Guatemala August 8 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Guatemala January 3 Cancelled <br>
+
2013 Guatemala February 12 Washington, DC<br>
+
2013 Guatemala June 18 <br>
+
2014 Guatemala February 11 Washington, DC <br>
+
2014 Guatemala October 14 <br>
+
|-
+
|Guinea
+
|2011 Guinea November 27 Philadelphia <br>
+
2013 Guinea July 1 <br>
+
|-
+
|Guyana
+
|2010 Guyana February 9 Miami <br>
+
2011 Guyana February 15 Miami <br>
+
2013 Guyana May 1 <br>
+
2014 Guyana April 28 <br>
+
|-
+
|Honduras
+
|2010 Honduras February 22 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Honduras June 22 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Honduras February 23 Atlanta        <br>
+
2011 Honduras July 6 Atlanta <br>
+
2012 Honduras February 22 Cancelled  <br>
+
|-
+
|Indonesia
+
|2010 Indonesia March 15 <br>
+
2011 Indonesia April 4 San Francisco <br>
+
2013 Indonesia April 7 <br>
+
2014 Indonesia March 15 <br>
+
  |-
+
|Jamaica
+
|2010 Jamaica March 17 Miami <br>
+
2011 Jamaica June 28 Miami <br>
+
2012 Jamaica March 13 Miami <br>
+
2012 Jamaica March 11 Miami <br>
+
2013 Jamaica March 11 <br>
+
2014 Jamaica March 10 <br>
+
|-
+
|Jordan
+
|2010 Jordan October 22 Philadelphia J14 <br>
+
2011 Jordan October 18 Philadelphia J15 <br>
+
|-
+
|Kazakhstan
+
|2010 Kazakhstan August 18 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Kazakhstan March 9 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Kazakhstan August 17 Washington, DC <br>
+
|-
+
|Kenya
+
|2010 Kenya May 24 Philadelphia <br>
+
2010 Kenya October 11 Philadelphia  <br>     
+
2011 Kenya June 6 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Kenya October 10 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Kenya October 03 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Kenya June 4 Philadelphia <br>
+
2013 Kenya October 1 <br>
+
2014 Kenya September 28 <br>
+
|-
+
|Kiribati
+
|
+
|-
+
|Kyrgyz Republic
+
|2010 Kyrgyz Republic March 26 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Kyrgyz Republic March 25 Philadelphia <br>
+
2013 Kyrgyz Republic April 16 <br>
+
2014 Kyrgyz Republic April 23 <br>
+
|-
+
|Lesotho
+
|2010 Lesotho June 1 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Lesotho May 31 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Lesotho October 12 Philadelphia <br>
+
2013 Lesotho June 5 <br>
+
2013 Lesotho October 9 <br>
+
2014 Lesotho June 3 <br>
+
2014 Lesotho October 9 <br>
+
|-
+
|Liberia
+
|2010 Liberia July 7 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Liberia June 8 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Liberia June 6  <br>
+
|-
+
|Macedonia
+
|2010 Macedonia September 10 Washington, DC  <br>
+
2011 Macedonia September 9 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Macedonia September 13 <br>
+
2014 Macedonia September 12 <br>
+
  |-
+
|Madagascar
+
|2010 Madagascar March 1 <br>
+
2010 Madagascar July 19 <br>
+
2011 Madagascar February 28<br>
+
2011 Madagascar July 11 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Madagascar February 27 <br>
+
2013 Madagascar March 4 <br>
+
2013 Madagascar July 8 <br>
+
2014 Madagascar February 11 <br>
+
|-
+
|Malawi
+
|2010 Malawi February 24 Philadelphia <br>
+
2010 Malawi July 1 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Malawi February 27 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Malawi June 14 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Malawi March 5  <br>
+
2013 Malawi March 5  <br>
+
|-
+
| Mali
+
|2010 Mali July 1 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Mali January 31 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Mali October 28 Philadelphia <br>
+
|-
+
|Mauritania
+
|2009  Atlanta <br>
+
|-
+
|Mexico
+
|2010 Mexico August 17 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Mexico March 14 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Mexico August 29 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Mexico August 25 <br>
+
2014 Mexico March 17 <br>
+
|-
+
|Micronesia and Palau
+
|2010 Micronesia and Palau September 1 Honolulu <br>
+
2013 Micronesia and Palau June 4 <br>
+
|-
+
|Moldova
+
|2010 Moldova June 8 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Moldova June 7 Philadelphia <br>
+
2013 Moldova June 4 <br>
+
2014 Moldova June 4 <br>
+
|-
+
|Mongolia
+
|2010 Mongolia June 3 San Francisco <br>
+
2011 Mongolia June 2 San Francisco <br>
+
2012 Mongolia June 1 San Francisco <br>
+
2013 Mongolia June 1 <br>
+
2014 Mongolia May 29<br>
+
|-
+
|Morocco
+
|2010 Morocco March 1 Philadelphia <br>
+
2010 Morocco September 13 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Morocco March 14 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Morocco September 12 <br>
+
2012 Morocco March 19 <br>
+
2013 Morocco January 14 <br>
+
2014 Morocco January 13 <br>
+
|-
+
|Mozambique
+
|2010 Mozambique September 27 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Mozambique June 2 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Mozambique September 30 <br>
+
2013 Mozambique May 29 <br>
+
2013 Mozambique September 24 Philadelphia <br>
+
2014 Mozambique May 28<br>
+
|-
+
|Namibia
+
|2010 Namibia February 16 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Namibia August 17 Washington, DC<br>
+
2011 Namibia February 18 Washington, DC<br>
+
2011 Namibia August 18 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Namibia March 11 <br>
+
2013 Namibia July 22 <br>
+
2014 Namibia March 10 <br>
+
|-
+
|Nepal
+
|2014 Nepal September 5 <br>
+
|-
+
|Nicaragua
+
|2010 Nicaragua January 19 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Nicaragua May 11 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Nicaragua August 31 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Nicaragua January 11 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Nicaragua May 10 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Nicaragua August 30 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Nicaragua January 10 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Nicaragua March 15 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Nicaragua August 13 <br>
+
2014 Nicaragua March 4 <br>
+
2014 Nicaragua August 12 <br>
+
|-
+
|Niger
+
|2010 Niger July 7 Philadelphia <br>
+
2010 Niger October 18 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011
+
|-
+
|Panama
+
|2010 Panama April 20 Miami <br>
+
2010 Panama August 17 Miami <br>
+
2011 Panama January 11 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Panama April 26 Washington, DC<br>
+
2012 Panama January 10 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Panama May 1 <br>
+
2013 Panama February 19 <br>
+
2013 Panama June 18 <br>
+
2014 Panama February 18 <br>
+
2014 Panama June 17 <br>
+
|-
+
|Paraguay
+
|2010 Paraguay February 8 Miami <br>
+
2010 Paraguay June 1 Miami        <br>
+
2010 Paraguay September 29 Miami <br>       
+
2011 Paraguay February 2 Miami <br>
+
2011 Paraguay May 25 Miami <br>
+
2011 Paraguay September 27 Miami <br>
+
2012 Paraguay February 8 Miami <br>
+
2012 Paraguay September 22 Miami <br>
+
2013 Paraguay February 13 Miami <br>
+
2013 Paraguay May 29 <br>
+
2013 Paraguay September 25 Miami G43 <br>
+
2014 Paraguay January 29 <br>
+
2014 Paraguay September 17 <br>
+
2015 Paraguay March 06
+
|-
+
|Peru
+
|2010 Peru June 10 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Peru September 16 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Peru June 9 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Peru June 7 <br>
+
2013 Peru September 12 Washington, DC <br>
+
2014 Peru September 11 Washington, DC <br>
+
2015 Peru May 6 Washington, DC <br>
+
|-
+
|Philippines
+
|2010 Philippines August 19 Los Angeles <br>
+
2011 Philippines July 1 Los Angeles <br>
+
2013 Philippines July 5 Los Angeles <br>
+
|-
+
|Romania
+
|2010 Romania May 18 Chicago <br>
+
2011 Romania April 26 Chicago <br>
+
|-
+
|Rwanda
+
|2010 Rwanda February 23  <br>     
+
2010 Rwanda October 19 <br>
+
2011 Rwanda May 4 <br>
+
2011 Rwanda September 12 <br>
+
2013 Rwanda June 11 <br>
+
2013 Rwanda September 10 <br>
+
2014 Rwanda September 9 <br>
+
|-
+
|Samoa
+
|2010 Samoa October 5 Los Angeles<br>
+
|-
+
|Senegal
+
|2010 Senegal March 8 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Senegal August 9 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Senegal March 7 Washington, DC <br>       
+
2011 Senegal June 13 Washington, DC <br>       
+
2011 Senegal August 29 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Senegal March 5 Washington, DC<br>
+
2013 Senegal September 24 <br>
+
2014 Senegal March 3 <br>
+
2014 Senegal Sepetember 19 Philadelphia <br>     
+
  |-
+
|Sierra Leone
+
|2010 Sierra Leone June 2 <br>
+
2011 Sierra Leone June 1  <br>
+
2013 Sierra Leone June 18  <br>     
+
2013 Sierra Leone July 17 Philadelphia <br>
+
|-
+
|South Africa
+
|2010 South Africa January 28 Washington, DC <br>       
+
2010 South Africa July 12 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 South Africa January 24 Washington, DC <br>       
+
2011 South Africa July 5 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 South Africa January 23 Washington, DC  <br>
+
2013 South Africa January 24  <br>
+
2013 South Africa July 4 Washington, DC SA28 <br>
+
2014 South Africa January 22  <br>     
+
|-
+
|Suriname
+
|2011 Suriname May 3 Miami <br>
+
|-
+
|Swaziland
+
|2010 Swaziland June 25 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Swaziland June 2 Washington, DC <br>
+
2012 Swaziland June 5 Washington, DC <br>
+
2013 Swaziland June 25 <br>
+
|-
+
|Tanzania
+
|2010 Tanzania June 14 Philadelphia <br>
+
2010 Tanzania September 20 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Tanzania June 13 Philadelphia<br>
+
2011 Tanzania October 10 <br>
+
2012 Tanzania June 11 <br>
+
2013 Tanzania July 3 <br>
+
2014 Tanzania February 12 <br>
+
|-
+
|Thailand
+
|2010 Thailand January 16 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Thailand January 8 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Thailand January 8 Detroit <br>
+
2013 Thailand January 11 Detroit <br>
+
2014 Thailand January 10 Washington DC<br>
+
|-
+
|Togo
+
|2010 Togo June 3 <br>
+
2010 Togo September 16 <br>
+
2011 Togo June 2 <br>
+
2011 Togo September 15 <br>
+
2013 Togo June 5 <br>
+
2013 Togo June 10 <br>
+
|-
+
|Tonga
+
|2010 Tonga October 5 Los Angeles <br>
+
2013 Tonga September 3 <br>
+
2014 Tonga September 4 <br>
+
|-
+
|Turkmenistan
+
|2010 Turkmenistan March 23 <br>
+
2010 Turkmenistan September 30 <br>
+
|-
+
|Uganda
+
|2010 Uganda February 8 <br>
+
2010 Uganda August 9 <br>
+
2011 Uganda February 9 <br>
+
2011 Uganda August 3 <br>
+
2012 Uganda April 24 <br>
+
2013 Uganda March 23 <br>
+
2013 Uganda April 24 <br>
+
2013 Uganda November 11 <br>
+
2014 Uganda June 3 <br>
+
|-
+
|Ukraine
+
|2010 Ukraine March 29 <br>
+
2010 Ukraine September 17 <br>
+
2010 Ukraine September 24 <br>
+
2011 Ukraine March 21 <br>
+
2011 Ukraine September 19 <br>
+
2011 Ukraine September 21 <br>
+
2012 Ukraine March 12 <br>
+
2013 Ukraine March 25 <br>
+
2013 Ukraine August 15 <br>
+
2013 Ukraine September 16 <br>
+
|-
+
|Vanuatu
+
|2010 Vanuatu September 10 Los Angeles <br>
+
2011 Vanuatu October 07 Los Angeles <br>
+
2014 Vanuatu January 23 <br>
+
2015 Vanuatu January 23 <br>
+
|-
+
|Zambia
+
|2010 Zambia February 17 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Zambia July 19 Washington, DC <br>
+
2010 Zambia July 19 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Zambia January 31 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Zambia February 14 Washington, DC <br>
+
2011 Zambia July 18 Philadelphia <br>
+
2011 Zambia August 1 Philadelphia <br>
+
2012 Zambia January 24 <br>
+
2012 Zambia February 29 <br>
+
2013 Zambia February 11 <br>
+
2013 Zambia June 11 <br>
+
2014 Zambia February 4 <br>
+
2014 Zambia June 10 <br>
+
|}
+
|<div style="font-size: 13pt">'''Other Resources'''</div>
+
{| width=20%
+
| width=20% | [http://peacecorpswiki.org/Timeline?title=Timeline&action=edit edit]
+
| width=20% |             
+
| width=20% |             
+
|}
+
-----
+
<!-- *********************** Other Resources ***************** -->             
+
Additional pages relating to the application:<br>
+
*[[Timeline Archive]]<br>
+
*[[Application Timelines]]<br>
+
*[[Advice for applicants]]<br>
+
*[[Departures by month]]<br>
+
*[[Staging Cities]]<br>
+
*[[Calculator|Placement Calculator]]<br>
+
*'''Other information:'''<br>
+
**'''[[Blogger | Show new stories]] on your own blog in real-time<br>
+
'''More [[resources]]<br>'''
+
*[[Volunteer discounts]]
+
*[[Volunteer Surveys]]<br>
+
*[[Interview Questions]]
+
*[[Forms]]
+
*[[Educational requirements for volunteers]]
+
*[[Phone Directory]]
+
*[[Peace Corps offices by country]]
+
<br>
+
-----
+

Latest revision as of 12:12, 8 December 2015

Country Resources

The Peace Corps’ highest priority is maintaining the good health and safety of every Volunteer. Peace Corps medical programs emphasize the preventive, rather than the curative, approach to disease. Peace Corps/Armenia maintains a clinic with two full-time medical officers, who take care of Volunteers’ primary healthcare needs. Additional medical services, such as testing and basic treatment, are also available at local hospitals. If you become seriously ill, you will be transported to the United States.

Health Issues in Armenia[edit]

Major health problems among Peace Corps Volunteers in Armenia are rare and are often the result of a Volunteer’s not taking preventive measures to stay healthy. The most common health problems in Armenia are minor ones that are also found in the Unites States, such as colds, diarrhea, constipation, sinus infections, skin infections, headaches, dental problems, minor injuries, STDs, emotional problems, and alcohol abuse. These problems may be more frequent or compounded by living in Armenia because certain environmental factors raise the risk or exacerbate the severity of illnesses and injuries.

Helping You Stay Healthy[edit]

The Peace Corps will provide you with all the necessary inoculations, medications, and information to stay healthy. Upon your arrival in Armenia, you will receive a medical handbook and a medical kit (described later in this chapter).

During training, you will have access to basic medical supplies through the medical officer. However, you will be responsible for your own supply of prescription drugs and any other specific medical supplies you require, as the Peace Corps will not order these items during training. You must bring a three-month supply of any prescription drugs you use, since they may not be available in Armenia and it may take months for shipments to arrive.

You will have physicals at the mid-service conference and at the end of your service. If you develop a serious medical problem during your service, the medical officer in Armenia will consult with the Office of Medical Services in Washington, D.C. If it is determined that your condition cannot be treated in Armenia, you may be sent out of the country for further evaluation and care.

Maintaining Your Health[edit]

As a Peace Corps Volunteer, you must accept considerable responsibility for your own health. Proper precautions will significantly reduce your risk of contracting a serious illness or sustaining a serious injury. The old adage, “An ounce of prevention equals a pound of cure,” becomes extremely important in areas where diagnostic and treatment facilities are not up to the standards of the United States. The most important of your responsibilities in Armenia is to take the following preventive measures:

Many illnesses that afflict Volunteers worldwide are entirely preventable if proper food and water precautions are taken. Your medical officer will discuss specific standards for water and food preparation in Armenia during pre-service training.

Abstinence is the only certain choice for preventing infection with HIV and other STDs. You are taking risks if you choose to be sexually active. To lessen risk, use a condom every time you have sex. Whether your partner is a host country citizen, a fellow Volunteer, or anyone else, do not assume this person is free of HIV/AIDS or other STDs. You will receive more information from the medical officer about this important issue.

Volunteers are expected to adhere to an effective means of birth control to prevent an unplanned pregnancy. Your medical officer can help you decide on the most appropriate method to suit your individual needs. Contraceptive methods are available without charge from the medical officer.

Volunteers are required to wear a protective helmet when riding a bicycle and to wear a seat belt when riding in Peace Corps vehicles. Failure to comply with this regulation will result in immediate administrative separation from the Peace Corps. This means you will be sent home; there is no appeal.

It is critical to your health that you promptly report to the medical office or other designated facility for scheduled immunizations, and that you let the medical officer know immediately of significant illnesses and injuries. In addition, you are expected to comply with any therapies recommended by the medical office or referral facility.

Women’s Health Information[edit]

Pregnancy is treated in the same manner as other Volunteer health conditions that require medical attention but also have programmatic ramifications. The Peace Corps is responsible for determining the medical risk and the availability of appropriate medical care if the Volunteer remains in-country. Given the circumstances under which Volunteers live and work in Peace Corps countries, it is rare that the Peace Corps’ medical and programmatic standards for continued service during pregnancy can be met.

Tampons are provided by the Peace Corps medical officer in Armenia. Sanitary napkins are available for purchase at local markets.

Your Peace Corps Medical Kit[edit]

The Peace Corps medical officer provides Volunteers with a medical kit that contains basic items necessary to prevent and treat illnesses that may occur during service. The medical officer will provide additional items when appropriate for your individual situation. Kit items are intended for your own use and can be periodically restocked at the medical office.

Medical Kit Contents[edit]

Ace bandages
Adhesive tape
American Red Cross First Aid & Safety Handbook
Antacid tablets (Tums)
Antibiotic ointment (Bacitracin/Neomycin/Polymycin B)
Antiseptic antimicrobial skin cleaner (Hibiclens)
Band-Aids
Butterfly closures
Calamine lotion
Cepacol lozenges
Condoms
Dental floss
Diphenhydramine HCL 25 mg (Benadryl)
Insect repellent stick (Cutter’s)
Iodine tablets (for water purification)
Lip balm (Chapstick)
Oral rehydration salts
Oral thermometer (Fahrenheit)
Pseudoephedrine HCL 30 mg (Sudafed)
Robitussin-DM lozenges (for cough)
Scissors
Sterile gauze pads
Tetrahydrozaline eyedrops (Visine)
Tinactin (antifungal cream)
Tweezers

Before You Leave: A Medical Checklist[edit]

The Peace Corps’ Office of Medical Services must complete a final review of your health records prior to your pre-departure orientation (staging). It is your responsibility to ensure that all medical and dental work and reports have been completed prior to staging. You will not be allowed to attend unless you have final medical and dental clearance.

If there has been any change in your health—physical, mental, or dental—since you submitted your examination reports to the Peace Corps, you must immediately notify the Office of Medical Services. Failure to disclose new illnesses, injuries, allergies, or pregnancy can endanger your health and may jeopardize your eligibility to serve.

If your dental exam was done more than a year ago, or if your physical exam is more than two years old, contact the Office of Medical Services to find out whether you need to update your records. If your dentist or Peace Corps dental consultant has recommended that you undergo dental treatment or repair, you must complete that work and make sure your dentist sends requested confirmation reports or X-rays to the Office of Medical Services.

If you wish to avoid having duplicate vaccinations, contact your physician’s office, obtain a copy of your immunization record, and bring it to your pre-departure orientation. If you have had any immunizations prior to Peace Corps service, the Peace Corps cannot reimburse you for their cost. The Peace Corps will provide all the immunizations necessary for your overseas assignment shortly after you arrive in Armenia.

Bring a three-month supply of any prescription or over-thecounter medication you use on a regular basis, including birth control pills. Although the Peace Corps cannot reimburse you for this three-month supply, it will order refills during your service. While awaiting shipment—which can take several months—you will be dependent on your own medication supply. The Peace Corps will not pay for herbal or nonprescribed medications, such as St. John’s wort, glucosamine, selenium, or antioxidant supplements.

You are encouraged to bring copies of medical prescriptions signed by your physician. This is not a requirement, but they might come in handy if you are questioned in transit about carrying a three-month supply of prescription drugs.

If you wear eyeglasses, bring two pairs with you—a pair and a spare. If a pair breaks, the Peace Corps will replace it, using the information your doctor in the United States provided on the eyeglasses form during your examination. The Peace Corps discourages you from using contact lenses during your service because the necessary solutions are not available in-country and the Peace Corps does not supply them.

If you are eligible for Medicare, are more than 50 years of age, or have a health condition that may restrict your future participation in healthcare plans, you may wish to consult an insurance specialist about unique coverage needs before your departure. The Peace Corps will provide all necessary healthcare from the time you leave for your pre-departure orientation until you complete your service. When you finish, you will be entitled to the post-service healthcare benefits described in the Peace Corps Volunteer Handbook. You may wish to keep an existing health plan in effect during your service if you think age or preexisting conditions might prevent you from reenrolling in your current plan when you return home.

Safety and Security—Our Partnership[edit]

Serving as a Volunteer overseas entails certain safety and security risks. Living and traveling in an unfamiliar environment, a limited understanding of the local language and culture, and the perception of being a wealthy American are some of the factors that can put a Volunteer at risk. Property thefts and burglaries are not uncommon. Incidents of physical and sexual assault do occur, although almost all Volunteers complete their two years of service without serious personal safety problems. In addition, more than 84 percent of Volunteers surveyed in the 2004 Peace Corps Volunteer Survey say they would join the Peace Corps again.

The Peace Corps approaches safety and security as a partnership with you. This Welcome Book contains sections on: Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyle; Peace Corps Training; and Your Health Care and Safety. All of these sections include important safety and security information.

The Peace Corps makes every effort to give Volunteers the tools they need to function in the safest and most secure way possible, because working to maximize the safety and security of Volunteers is our highest priority. Not only do we provide you with training and tools to prepare for the unexpected, but we teach you to identify and manage the risks you may encounter.

Factors that Contribute to Volunteer Risk[edit]

There are several factors that can heighten a Volunteer’s risk, many of which are within the Volunteer’s control. Based on information gathered from incident reports worldwide in 2004, the following factors stand out as risk characteristics for assaults. Assaults consist of personal crimes committed against Volunteers, and do not include property crimes (such as vandalism or theft).

  • Location: Most crimes occurred when Volunteers were in public areas (e.g., street, park, beach, public buildings). Specifically, 43 percent of assaults took place when Volunteers were away from their sites.
  • Time of day: Assaults usually took place on the weekend during the evening between 5:00 p.m. and 2:00 a.m.— with most assaults occurring around 1:00 a.m.
  • Absence of others: Assaults usually occurred when the Volunteer was unaccompanied. In 82 percent of the sexual assaults the Volunteer was unaccompanied and in 55 percent of physical assaults the Volunteer was unaccompanied.
  • Relationship to assailant: In most assaults, the Volunteer did not know the assailant.
  • Consumption of alcohol: Forty percent of all assaults involved alcohol consumption by Volunteers and/or assailants.

Summary Strategies to Reduce Risk[edit]

Before and during service, your training will address these areas of concern so that you can reduce the risks you face.

For example, here are some strategies Volunteers employ:

Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of theft:

  • Know the environment and choose safe routes/times for travel
  • Avoid high-crime areas per Peace Corps guidance
  • Know the vocabulary to get help in an emergency
  • Carry valuables in different pockets/places
  • Carry a “dummy” wallet as a decoy Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of burglary:
  • Live with a local family or on a family compound
  • Put strong locks on doors and keep valuables in a lock box or trunk
  • Leave irreplaceable objects at home in the U.S.
  • Follow Peace Corps guidelines on maintaining home security Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of assault:
  • Make local friends
  • Make sure your appearance is respectful of local customs; don’t draw negative attention to yourself by wearing inappropriate clothing
  • Get to know local officials, police, and neighbors
  • Travel with someone whenever possible
  • Avoid known high crime areas
  • Limit alcohol consumption

Support from Staff[edit]

In March 2003, the Peace Corps created the Office of Safety and Security with its mission to “foster improved communication, coordination, oversight, and accountability of all Peace Corps’ safety and security efforts.” The new office is led by an Associate Director for Safety and Security who reports to the Peace Corps Director and includes the following divisions: Volunteer Safety and Overseas Security; Information and Personnel Security; Emergency Preparedness, Plans, Training and Exercise; and Crime Statistics and Analysis.

The major responsibilities of the Volunteer Safety and Overseas Security Division are to coordinate the office’s overseas operations and direct the Peace Corps’ safety and security officers who are located in various regions around the world that have Peace Corps programs. The safety and security officers conduct security assessments; review safety trainings; train trainers and managers; train Volunteer safety wardens, local guards, and staff; develop security incident response procedures; and provide crisis management support.

If a trainee or Volunteer is the victim of a safety incident, Peace Corps staff is prepared to provide support. All Peace Corps posts have procedures in place to respond to incidents of crime committed against Volunteers. The first priority for all posts in the aftermath of an incident is to ensure that the Volunteer is safe and receiving medical treatment as needed. After assuring the safety of the Volunteer, Peace Corps staff provide support by reassessing the Volunteer’s work site and housing arrangements and making any adjustments, as needed. In some cases, the nature of the incident may necessitate a site or housing transfer. Peace Corps staff will also assist Volunteers with preserving their rights to pursue legal sanctions against the perpetrators of the crime. It is very important that Volunteers report incidents as they occur, not only to protect their peer Volunteers, but also to preserve the future right to prosecute. Should Volunteers decide later in the process that they want to proceed with the prosecution of their assailant, this option may no longer exist if the evidence of the event has not been preserved at the time of the incident.

The country-specific data chart below shows the incidence rates and the average number of incidents of the major types of safety incidents reported by Peace Corps Volunteers/ trainees in Armenia as compared to all other Europe, Mediterranean, and Asia (EMA) region programs as a whole, from 2001–2005. It is presented to you in a somewhat technical manner for statistical accuracy.

To fully appreciate the collected data below, an explanation of the graph is provided as follows:

The incidence rate for each type of crime is the number of crime events relative to the Volunteer/trainee population. It is expressed on the chart as a ratio of crime to Volunteer and trainee years (or V/T years, which is a measure of 12 full months of V/T service) to allow for a statistically valid way to compare crime data across countries. An “incident” is a specific offense, per Peace Corps' classification of offenses, and may involve one or more Volunteer/trainee victims. For example, if two Volunteers are robbed at the same time and place, this is classified as one robbery incident.

The chart is separated into eight crime categories. These include vandalism (malicious defacement or damage of property); theft (taking without force or illegal entry);

burglary (forcible entry of a residence); robbery (taking something by force); minor physical assault (attacking without a weapon with minor injuries); minor sexual assault (fondling, groping, etc.); aggravated assault (attacking with a weapon, and/or without a weapon when serious injury results); and rape (sexual intercourse without consent).

When anticipating Peace Corps Volunteer service, you should review all of the safety and security information provided to you, including the strategies to reduce risk. Throughout your training and Volunteer service, you will be expected to successfully complete all training competencies in a variety of areas including safety and security. Once in-country, use the tools and information shared with you to remain as safe and secure as possible.

What If You Become a Victim of a Violent Crime?[edit]

Few Peace Corps Volunteers are victims of violent crimes. The Peace Corps will give you information and training in how to be safe. But, just as in the U.S., crime happens, and Volunteers can become victims. When this happens, the investigative team of the Office of Inspector General (OIG) is charged with helping pursue prosecution of those who perpetrate a violent crime against a Volunteer. If you become a victim of a violent crime, the decision to prosecute or not to prosecute is entirely yours, and one of the tasks of the OIG is to make sure that you are fully informed of your options and help you through the process and procedures involved in going forward with prosecution should you wish to do so. If you decide to prosecute, we are here to assist you in every way we can.

Crimes that occur overseas, of course, are investigated and prosecuted by local authorities in local courts. Our role is to coordinate the investigation and evidence collection with the regional security officers (RSOs) at the U.S. embassy, local police, and local prosecutors and others to ensure that your rights are protected to the fullest extent possible under the laws of the country. OIG investigative staff has extensive experience in criminal investigation, in working sensitively with victims, and as advocates for victims. We also, may, in certain limited circumstances, arrange for the retention of a local lawyer to assist the local public prosecutor in making the case against the individual who perpetrated the violent crime.

If you do become a victim of a violent crime, first, make sure you are in a safe place and with people you trust and second, contact the country director or the Peace Corps medical officer. Immediate reporting is important to the preservation of evidence and the chances of apprehending the suspect. Country directors and medical officers are required to report all violent crimes to the Inspector General and the RSO. This information is protected from unauthorized further disclosure by the Privacy Act. Reporting the crime also helps prevent your further victimization and protects your fellow Volunteers.

In conjunction with the RSO, the OIG does a preliminary investigation of all violent crimes against Volunteers regardless of whether the crime has been reported to local authorities or of the decision you may ultimately make to prosecute. If you are a victim of a crime, our staff will work with you through final disposition of the case. OIG staff is available 24 hours-a-day, 7 days-a-week. We may be contacted through our 24-hour violent crime hotline via telephone at 202.692.2911, or by e-mail at violentcrimehotline@peacecorps.gov.

Security Issues in Armenia[edit]

When it comes to your safety and security in the Peace Corps, you have to be willing to adapt your behavior and lifestyle to minimize the potential for being a target of crime. As with anywhere in the world, crime does exist in Armenia. Trainees and Volunteers are always responsible for taking care of themselves and their possessions. You can reduce your risk by avoiding situations that make you feel uncomfortable and by taking precautions. Some safety concerns in Armenia follow.

Motor vehicle accidents. Using local transportation and crossing the street safely are the greatest safety risks in Armenia. Volunteers are discouraged from traveling at night and when road conditions are bad, especially in the winter. Public transportation is usually by minivans, many of which are old and in poor condition. Seat belts in cars and vans are nonexistent. Pedestrians in cities have to be especially cautious; although crosswalks exist, they are not usually recognized by drivers. Also, it is common for drivers to not turn on headlights at night, making it difficult to see oncoming traffic.

Robbery/burglary. The homes of some Volunteers have been robbed in the past, so you will need to take the same precautions you would take in the United States. The Peace Corps will advise you on home safety during training and will reimburse you for the costs of installing peepholes, proper door locks, and hallway lighting. Do not bring valuables with you to Armenia.

Border conflicts. Since the cease-fire agreement with Azerbaijan in 1994, border incidents have been rare. Volunteers are placed near some border areas, but only after these areas have been free from incidents for several years. There are occasional reports of incidents along the “line of contact” (an area within Azerbaijan) between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces.

Harassment. Volunteers have reported varying levels of harassment, such as having objects thrown at them by teenagers, being called derogatory names, and overt sexual comments. Strategies for coping with harassment will be discussed during pre-service training.

Alcohol abuse. Making toasts with alcohol is a prevalent social custom in Armenia. Male Volunteers, especially, may be pressured to drink at social gatherings and even during normal daily activities such as community meetings. Strategies for avoiding drinking and drinking responsibly will be discussed during pre-service training.

Threat of sexual assault. Volunteers have been targets of sexual assault in Armenia, which is often associated with cross-cultural differences in gender relations and alcohol consumption. Volunteers who take seriously the safety training provided by the Peace Corps can minimize their risk.

Staying Safe: Don’t Be a Target for Crime[edit]

You must be prepared to take a large degree of responsibility for your own safety. Only you can make yourself less of a target, ensure that your house is secure, and develop relations in your community that will make you an unlikely victim of crime. In coming to Armenia, do what you would do if you moved to a large city in the United States: Be cautious, check things out, ask questions, learn about your neighborhood, know where the more risky locations are, use common sense, and be aware. You can reduce your vulnerability to crime by integrating into your community, learning the local language, acting responsibly, and abiding by Peace Corps policies and procedures. Serving safely and effectively in Armenia may require that you accept some restrictions on your current lifestyle.

Volunteers attract a lot of attention both in large cities and at their sites, but they are likely to receive more negative attention in highly populated centers than at their sites, where “family,” friends, and colleagues look out for them. While whistles and exclamations are fairly common on the street, this behavior can be reduced if you dress conservatively, avoid eye contact, and do not respond to unwanted attention. In addition, keep your money out of sight by using an undergarment money pouch (the kind that hangs around your neck and stays hidden under your shirt or inside your coat). Do not keep your money in outside pockets of backpacks, in coat pockets, or in fanny packs. And always walk with a companion at night.

Preparing for the Unexpected: Safety Training and Volunteer Support in Armenia[edit]

The Peace Corps’ approach to safety is a five-pronged plan to help you stay safe during your two-year service and includes the following: information sharing, Volunteer training, site selection criteria, a detailed emergency action plan, and protocols for addressing safety and security incidents. Armenia’s in-country safety program is outlined below.

The Peace Corps/Armenia office will keep Volunteers apprised of any issues that may impact Volunteer safety through information sharing. Regular updates will be provided in Volunteer newsletters and in memorandums from the country director. In the event of a critical situation or emergency, Volunteers will be contacted through the emergency communication network.

Volunteer training will include sessions to prepare you for specific safety and security issues in Armenia. This training will prepare you to adopt a culturally appropriate lifestyle and exercise judgment that promotes safety and reduces risk in your home, at work, and while traveling. Safety training is offered throughout your two-year service and is integrated into the language, cross-cultural, health, and other components of training.

Certain site selection criteria are used to determine safe housing for Volunteers before their arrival. The Peace Corps staff works closely with host communities and counterpart agencies to help prepare them for a Volunteer’s arrival and to establish expectations of their respective roles in supporting the Volunteer. Each site is inspected before a Volunteer’s arrival to ensure placement in appropriate, safe, and secure housing and work sites. Site selection is based in part on any relevant site history; access to medical, banking, postal, and other essential services; availability of communications, transportation, and markets; housing options and living arrangements; and other Volunteer support needs.

You will also learn about Peace Corps/Armenia’s detailed emergency action plan, which is implemented in the event of civil or political unrest or a natural disaster. When you arrive at your site, you will complete and submit a site locator form with your address, contact information, and a map to your house. If there is a security threat, Volunteers in Armenia will gather at predetermined locations until the situation is resolved or the Peace Corps decides to evacuate.

Finally, in order for the Peace Corps to be fully responsive to the needs of Volunteers, it is imperative that Volunteers immediately report any security incident to the Peace Corps safety and security coordinator or medical officer. The Peace Corps has established protocols for addressing safety and security incidents in a timely and appropriate manner, and it collects and evaluates safety and security data to track trends and develop strategies to minimize risks to future Volunteers.