Madagascar

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Right here is a list of the most typical laser eye surgery dangers, and complications.
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|Countryname= Madagascar
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|status= [[ACTIVE]]
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|Flag= Flag_of_Madagascar.svg
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|Welcomebooklink = http://www.peacecorps.gov/welcomebooks/mgwb684.pdf
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|Region= [[Africa]]
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|CountryDirector= [[Steve Wisecarver]]
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|Sectors= [[Education]]<br> ([[APCD]]: [[Xavier Louis]])<br> [[Environment]] <br>([[APCD]]: [[Leif Davenport]])<br> [[Health]] <br>([[APCD]]: [[Boda Ranjeva]])
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|ProgramDates= [[1993]] - [[Present]]
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|CurrentlyServing= 141
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|TotalVolunteers= 733
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|Languages= [[Malagasy]], [[Antanosy]], [[Bara]], [[French]], [[Malagasy]], [[Sakalava]], [[Betsimisaraka]]
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|Map= Ma-map.gif
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}}
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In order to realize the complications, there has to be a simple understanding of the procedure of Lasik eye s...
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Peace Corps Volunteers in Madagascar are teaching English, conducting health education and child survival activities, and working on natural resource management and community development.
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Most sufferers who undergo refractive surgery are delighted with the outcomes. Nonetheless, just like any other surgical process, there are also some risks that come with it. This is why it is extremely critical to be conscious of the possible complications, effects and laser eye surgery risks.
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Here is a list of the most common laser eye surgery dangers, and complications.
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==Peace Corps History==
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In order to recognize the complications, there has to be a simple understanding of the procedure of Lasik eye surgery. Lasik eye surgery entails the cutting of a modest flap in the front covering of the eye or cornea. The flap is lifted so that the laser could reshape the eye and then the flap is replaced as a variety of bandage.
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''Main article: [[History of the Peace Corps in Madagascar]]''
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The flap is reduce using a type of bladed instrument called a microkeratome or else with a laser. The surgeons preference determines what technology is employed. Making use of a laser to carry out this portion of the process permits for far more precision and, consequently, fewer complications are likely to arise.
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Despite political and economic reform measures, Madagascar continues to face many development challenges. The education system is burdened by overcrowded classrooms, poorly trained teachers, and a severe shortage of teaching materials. Widespread poverty, a poorly educated population, food insecurity, unsafe water supplies, and inadequate health services have resulted in a high rate of infant mortality. Madagascar has one of the highest levels of biodiversity on Earth, but its natural resource base is severely threatened by deforestation, soil erosion, and the decline in overall land productivity. Peace Corps Volunteers in Madagascar teach English, train teachers, conduct health and HIV/AIDS education, and work on natural resources management and community development.
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Now, if the flap is not cut properly it might fail to form effectively to the surface of the eye. The flap may possibly also be cut as well tiny or thin, which would trigger wrinkling upon the try to adhere the flap to the surface of the eye. These complications can lead to an irregularly shaped eye surface and in time may lead to astigmatism or blurry vision.
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The first 10 Peace Corps Volunteers arrived in Madagascar in September 1993 to initiate the teacher training project, which eventually became the English education project. In August 1994, the environmental project kicked off with the arrival of 13 trainees. The health project began in September 1995. Since reopening in 2002, the Peace Corps has been providing approximately 75 new Volunteers per year in this country. Since the beginning, the program has had a close working relationship with the government of Madagascar.
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Vision Loss
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Soon after the procedure, a very tiny percentage of all individuals experience a vision loss which can not be corrected with glasses, contacts or a second surgery. This is a very rare, but very critical laser eye surgery risk.
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==Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyles==
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Debilitating Visual Symptoms
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''Main article: [[Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyles in Madagascar]]''
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Some individuals experience halos, glare or double vision right after surgery. This causes critical evening vision problems. Even if they have a great vision on the vision chart, they might not see properly at night, in fog or in other circumstances of low contrast. They might even see worse in these conditions than they did before remedy.
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Volunteers are posted throughout the country. Housing conditions here vary from mud houses with thatched roofs to modern cement houses with running water and electricity. Your project, the area of the country, and the availability of housing all have a role in the type of home you will have. Many Volunteers have only a pit toilet and a thatched shed for taking bucket showers. Environmental Volunteers tend to live in more remote areas (near the national parks and protected areas), while education and health Volunteers generally live in areas of greater population density.
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Beneath Treatment or Over Treatment
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During training, you will live with and have most of your meals with a host family. A homestay is considered one of the most important aspects of the training program and is required for this period. Trainees generally stay in a village with three or four other trainees and one or two staff members. Volunteers often form strong and lasting friendships with their host families.  
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This is a really frequent laser eye surgery risk. Only a small percentage of individuals obtain 20/20 vision following surgery with no glasses or contacts. You might want added treatment to boost vision, but this is not constantly achievable. Even if you utilized to put on really weak prescription glasses prior to therapy, you may nonetheless need to have glasses or get in touch with lenses afterwards. If you used to put on reading glasses ahead of, you may possibly nevertheless need them following surgery.
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Extreme Dry Eye Syndrome
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==Training==
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One more laser eye surgery risk is to create serious dry eye syndrome. Soon after surgery, your eyes may well not be in a position to create sufficient tears for maintaining moist. This not only produces discomfort, by can also minimize good quality vision due to permanent blurring and other difficulties. This eye situation might be permanent. It is generally treated with intensive eye drop therapy, but other procedures can also be employed.
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''Main article: [[Training in Madagascar]]''
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Outcomes Diminishing with Age
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Pre-service training will provide you with the essential skills needed to successfully complete your service in Madagascar. During training, you will learn what you need to know to integrate into your community and to develop and implement an appropriate work plan with your community and counterparts. Training has five major components:
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Yet another laser eye surgery risk is for final results to lower over time, specially in sufferers with farsighted vision. If your manifest refraction (an exam with lenses ahead of employing dilating drops) differs from your cyclopegic refraction (an additional exam with lenses following applying dilating drops), the probabilities of getting this side effect are higher.
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Technical training, cross-cultural training, language instruction, personal health and safety training, and the role of the Volunteer in development.
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For newer technologies, there is not enough study information available. As some of them have been developed only a couple of years ago, long-term effectiveness and security cannot be determined yet. Even although they are far more sophisticated, they may possibly have some unknown long-term side effects.
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The training in Madagascar is community-based, which means that the bulk of it takes place in the community instead of at a training center. Community-based training is a more difficult training model in some respects, as the learning environment is real, not artificial. Most of your time will be spent in villages similar to the one in which you will be placed as a Volunteer, living with a Malagasy family and working in village schools. The learning environment is designed to provide you with experiences and meetings that will help you develop the knowledge and skills you need in your work as a Volunteer.
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As with any surgical process, there are a selection of complications. Care must be taken to select the correct Lasik eye surgeon for your particular requirements and also to decide of Lasik eye surgery is the appropriate procedure for you. The most essential issue in productive surgery is to find an experienced surgeon, who will monitor your comply with up care, and be there with you if you locate your self obtaining any of these complications. [http://strykerhipfailure.personalinjurycures.com/ intangible]
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==Your Health Care and Safety==
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''Main article: [[Health Care and Safety in Madagascar]]''
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The Peace Corps’ highest priority is maintaining the good health and safety of every Volunteer. Peace Corps medical programs emphasize the preventive, rather than the curative, approach to disease. Peace Corps/Madagascar maintains its own health unit with two medical officers, who are responsible for the medical care of trainees and Volunteers in Antananarivo as well as at their sites. The Peace Corps has further medical support from the area medical officer based in Kenya and from the Office of Medical Services in Washington. In case of severe illness, you will be evacuated to a nearby country or the United States for medical care.
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==Diversity and Cross-Cultural Issues==
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''Main article: [[Diversity and Cross-Cultural Issues in Madagascar]]''
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In Madagascar, as in other Peace Corps host countries, Volunteers’ behavior, lifestyles, background, and beliefs will be judged in a cultural context very different from our own. Certain personal perspectives or characteristics commonly accepted in the United States may be quite uncommon, unacceptable, or even repressed in Madagascar.
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Outside of Madagascar’s capital, residents of rural communities have had relatively little direct exposure to other cultures, races, religions, and lifestyles. What is viewed as “typical” cultural behavior or norms may be a narrow and selective interpretation, such as the perception in some countries that all Americans are rich and have blond hair and blue eyes. The people of Madagascar are justly known for their generous hospitality to foreigners; however, members of the community in which you will live may display a range of reactions to differences that you present.  
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* Possible Issues for Female Volunteers
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* Possible Issues for Volunteers of Color
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* Possible Issues for Senior Volunteers
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* Possible Issues for Gay, Lesbian, or Bisexual Volunteers
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* Possible Religious Issues for Volunteers
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* Possible Issues for Volunteers With Disabilities
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==Frequently Asked questions==
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''Main article: [[FAQs about Peace Corps in Madagascar]]''
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* How much luggage will I be allowed to bring to Madagascar?
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* What is the electric current in Madagascar?
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* How much money should I bring?
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* When can I take vacation and have people visit me?
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* Will my belongings be covered by insurance?
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* Do I need an international driver’s license?
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* What should I bring as gifts for Malagasy friends and my host family?
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* Where will my site assignment be when I finish training and how isolated will I be?
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* How can my family contact me in an emergency?
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* Can I call home from Madagascar?
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* Should I bring a cellular phone with me?
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* Will there be e-mail and Internet access? Should I bring my computer?
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==Packing List==
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''Main article: [[Packing List for Madagascar]]''
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This list has been compiled by Volunteers serving in Madagascar and is based on their experience. Use it as an informal guide in making your own list, bearing in mind that experience is individual. There is no perfect list! You obviously cannot bring everything we mention, so consider those items that make the most sense to you personally and professionally. You can always have things sent to you later. As you decide what to bring, keep in mind that you have a 100-pound weight restriction on baggage. (Luggage should be tough, lightweight, lockable, and easy to carry.) And remember, you can get almost everything you need in Madagascar.
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* General Clothing
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* Shoes
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* Personal Hygiene and Toiletry Items
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* Miscellaneous
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==Peace Corps News==
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Current events relating to Peace Corps are also available by [[News | country of service]] or [[News by state|your home state]]
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''The following is automatic RSS feed of Peace Corps news for this country.''<br><rss title=on desc=off>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&ned=us&scoring=n&q=%22peace+corps%22+%22madagascar%22&output=rss</rss>
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==See also==
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* [[Volunteers who served in Madagascar]]
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* [[List of resources for Madagascar]]
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* [[Pre-Departure Checklist]]
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* [[Inspector General Reports]]
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==External links==
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* [http://www.peacecorpsjournals.com/ma.html Peace Corps Journals - Madascar]
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[[Category:Madagascar]] [[Category:Africa]]
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[[Category:Country]]
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Latest revision as of 06:35, 22 April 2013

Right here is a list of the most typical laser eye surgery dangers, and complications.

In order to realize the complications, there has to be a simple understanding of the procedure of Lasik eye s...

Most sufferers who undergo refractive surgery are delighted with the outcomes. Nonetheless, just like any other surgical process, there are also some risks that come with it. This is why it is extremely critical to be conscious of the possible complications, effects and laser eye surgery risks.

Here is a list of the most common laser eye surgery dangers, and complications.

In order to recognize the complications, there has to be a simple understanding of the procedure of Lasik eye surgery. Lasik eye surgery entails the cutting of a modest flap in the front covering of the eye or cornea. The flap is lifted so that the laser could reshape the eye and then the flap is replaced as a variety of bandage.

The flap is reduce using a type of bladed instrument called a microkeratome or else with a laser. The surgeons preference determines what technology is employed. Making use of a laser to carry out this portion of the process permits for far more precision and, consequently, fewer complications are likely to arise.

Now, if the flap is not cut properly it might fail to form effectively to the surface of the eye. The flap may possibly also be cut as well tiny or thin, which would trigger wrinkling upon the try to adhere the flap to the surface of the eye. These complications can lead to an irregularly shaped eye surface and in time may lead to astigmatism or blurry vision.

Vision Loss

Soon after the procedure, a very tiny percentage of all individuals experience a vision loss which can not be corrected with glasses, contacts or a second surgery. This is a very rare, but very critical laser eye surgery risk.

Debilitating Visual Symptoms

Some individuals experience halos, glare or double vision right after surgery. This causes critical evening vision problems. Even if they have a great vision on the vision chart, they might not see properly at night, in fog or in other circumstances of low contrast. They might even see worse in these conditions than they did before remedy.

Beneath Treatment or Over Treatment

This is a really frequent laser eye surgery risk. Only a small percentage of individuals obtain 20/20 vision following surgery with no glasses or contacts. You might want added treatment to boost vision, but this is not constantly achievable. Even if you utilized to put on really weak prescription glasses prior to therapy, you may nonetheless need to have glasses or get in touch with lenses afterwards. If you used to put on reading glasses ahead of, you may possibly nevertheless need them following surgery.

Extreme Dry Eye Syndrome

One more laser eye surgery risk is to create serious dry eye syndrome. Soon after surgery, your eyes may well not be in a position to create sufficient tears for maintaining moist. This not only produces discomfort, by can also minimize good quality vision due to permanent blurring and other difficulties. This eye situation might be permanent. It is generally treated with intensive eye drop therapy, but other procedures can also be employed.

Outcomes Diminishing with Age

Yet another laser eye surgery risk is for final results to lower over time, specially in sufferers with farsighted vision. If your manifest refraction (an exam with lenses ahead of employing dilating drops) differs from your cyclopegic refraction (an additional exam with lenses following applying dilating drops), the probabilities of getting this side effect are higher.

For newer technologies, there is not enough study information available. As some of them have been developed only a couple of years ago, long-term effectiveness and security cannot be determined yet. Even although they are far more sophisticated, they may possibly have some unknown long-term side effects.

As with any surgical process, there are a selection of complications. Care must be taken to select the correct Lasik eye surgeon for your particular requirements and also to decide of Lasik eye surgery is the appropriate procedure for you. The most essential issue in productive surgery is to find an experienced surgeon, who will monitor your comply with up care, and be there with you if you locate your self obtaining any of these complications. intangible

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