Difference between pages "History of the Peace Corps in Azerbaijan" and "History of the Peace Corps in East Timor"

From Peace Corps Wiki
(Difference between pages)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (1 revision)
 
 
Line 5: Line 5:
  
  
The government of Azerbaijan has expressed keen interest in having a Peace Corps program since 1997. However, because of intense lobbying efforts by anti-Azerbaijani Armenian-Americans, the Freedom Support Act of 1992 contained a special provision (Section 907) that banned U.S. foreign assistance to Azerbaijan without presidential approval. This act effectively blocked any initiative by the Peace Corps until 2002, when President George W. Bush lifted the provision.  
+
East Timor (more correctly known as Timor Loro sa’e, or “Timor of the Rising Sun”) was the first new Peace Corps program of the 21st century. The invitation to the Peace Corps to work in East Timor originated with the provisional government and was transmitted to senior government and Peace Corps officials in the United States. President George W. Bush, in his State of the Union address in January 2002, specifically mentioned East Timor in the context of a growing Peace Corps presence throughout the world.  
  
Shortly thereafter, Vilayat Guliev, minister of foreign affairs for the government of Azerbaijan, formally requested a Peace Corps presence. This was strongly supported by the U.S.  embassy staff in Baku (Azerbaijan’s capital), and in April 2002, the Peace Corps began an assessment. The assessment team declared Azerbaijan “highly suitable for a new Peace Corps program,” citing the enthusiastic support of the U.S. embassy, Azerbaijani ministry officials, local government officials, Azerbaijani students and teachers, and local and international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). On the strength of this assessment and the U.S. president’s declared interest in increasing the size of the Peace Corps and enabling citizens in predominantly Muslim countries to interact with Americans, the Peace Corps director approved the establishment of a program in Azerbaijan for 2003.  
+
Peace Corps staff worked to establish the fledgling Peace Corps program before the official independence of the new country on May 20, 2002. On May 21, former President Bill Clinton congratulated the Peace Corps on its entry into East Timor during his speech in the country’s capital as he officially opened the U.S. embassy and the U.S. mission in the country.  The diplomatic note formally establishing the Peace Corps program was signed soon afterward by Nobel Peace Laureate and East Timorese Minister of Foreign Affairs José Ramos-Horta.  
  
 +
The first group of 19 Volunteers arrived in East Timor on June 21, 2002, as third-year extending Volunteers, representing more than 10 countries where Peace Corps Volunteers served.
  
==Future of Peace Corps Programming in Azerbaijan==
+
As experienced Volunteers, they were able to prepare a foundation for the future. The first group of new Volunteers arrived in April 2003 to work in local governance and community health services promotion.Two more groups arrived in 2004 and one group in 2005, with Volunteers serving in both health promotion and rural community development.
  
Based upon the expressed wishes of the government of Azerbaijan, the first program focused on teaching English as a foreign language. About 95 English teaching Volunteers have been placed in the Azerbaijani education system throughout the country, except in the capital, Baku. Volunteers teach students at the secondary level and a few train teachers at the university level. Students in secondary education programs in Azerbaijan range from 7 to 17 years of age. Each year, approximately 25 new English-teaching Volunteers join the English-teaching program.  
+
As a new program, Peace Corps/East Timor is in an ongoing learning process about the country and its needs. As such, our two projects, community development and health promotion, continue to evolve. This means as new Peace Corps Volunteers you should expect that your project may change during your service, and that assignments may not precisely follow original formal job descriptions.  
  
In 2005, a second program, which focuses on community economic development, was piloted with 11 Volunteers. Volunteers work with intermediary organizations engaged in small- and micro-enterprise development and community development outside of Baku. Some community economic development Volunteers are placed in organizations that play a role in the agribusiness sector. Peace Corps/Azerbaijan plans to maintain between 30 and 35 economic development Volunteers in-country.
+
[http://www.sociology-papers.com/essay-on-racism.html Sociology essay on Racism]
 +
===History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in East Timor ===
  
Plans are underway for the opening of a third program in 2007 in the area of youth development. Azerbaijanis feel strongly that the hope for their future lies in strengthening the education, marketable skills, civic participation, and productive engagement of young people. A first group of 15 youth development Volunteers will pilot this program.  
+
Administratively, East Timor is divided into 13 districts, each with a district capital where district administrations are located. Each district encompasses a number of subdistricts, much like counties in the United States. Within each subdistrict are villages and hamlets governed by either or both traditional and elected village chiefs. Since the start of Peace Corps in East Timor, we have been working to meet the basic community development needs in areas such as organizational development, health promotion, small-scale agriculture, water and sanitation, nutrition, environment, HIV/AIDs, and women’s and youth development. Peace Corps/East Timor’s community development project is integrated around several objectives:
  
The Peace Corps/Azerbaijan program for the next two years could be summarized in the following programmatic and functional terms: Maintaining the size but expanding the geographic scope of the English language program, establishing and expanding the community economic development program, and introducing the youth development program. Volunteers provide English language knowledge and communications skills to Azerbaijani students and teachers so that they can participate in the international community of nations. Volunteers provide business, organizational, management, and economic and community development skills to Azerbaijani communities so that they can create more jobs, generate more income, strengthen the economic and social infrastructure of communities, and improve the quality and availability of opportunities for individuals throughout the country. It is anticipated that Volunteers working in the youth development program will motivate young people to become productive and engaged members of society through transferring marketable skills and organizing service groups to address relevent local issues.
+
* Increased participation of rural communities and community-based organizations in defining, implementing, and managing grass-roots project activities;
 +
* Enhancement of traditional food and livelihood security strategies through training and orientation in gardening, small-income generation, and nutrition; 
 +
* Greater and more significant participation of women and youth in all facets of community-level projects and development activities; and
 +
* An emphasis on collaborative projects and activities that link communities and organizations and promote self-reliance and decreased dependency on outside donors.  The 13 administrative districts also host district health management centers, village clinics, and mobile clinics. These provide preventive and treatment services. While the main job of district health management teams is responding to immediate health needs, Volunteers help these teams with preventive health education and promotion activities.  Volunteers target community members, especially youth, women, and children because these sectors of the population are usually the most in need and the benefits that accrue are typically the most dramatic, long-term, and sustainable.  
  
  
==Assignment History==
+
 
 +
Volunteers also focus on capacity-building with health service providers. In East Timor, the legacy of the Indonesian occupation means that most current service providers have never done health extension work and often face many other challenges in the management of their everyday work.
 +
 
 +
In addition to community development and health promotion, Peace Corps/East Timor focuses on “global initiatives” that cut across project lines and provide secondary work opportunities for Volunteers in all project areas. These initiatives include information and communications technology, HIV/AIDS education and prevention, girls’ education, and the environment. Other areas that may be avenues for Peace Corps support in the future include agroforestry and cooperative/small business promotion.
 +
 
 +
The development needs in rural East Timor are enormous and cover a wide range of project areas. Volunteers are encouraged to identify “secondary projects” in their communities that address real needs as well as tap into their own particular interests and backgrounds.
 +
 
 +
Most Volunteers work with youth—supporting and training youth groups, doing geography projects, and developing after-school activities such as sports clubs. Other popular secondary project areas are teaching English and computer skills, especially to women and youth. Several Volunteers are strengthening small community groups, from women’s clubs to a pottery cooperative. Still others are doing small-scale demonstration gardening and dry-land permaculture.
 +
 
 +
===Assignment History===
 +
 
  
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
Line 28: Line 43:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Agriculture]]'''
 
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Agriculture]]'''
| [[Ag Economics]]
+
| [[Ag Extension]]
| [[2005]]
+
| [[2002]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[2004]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Crop Extension]]
 
| [[Crop Extension]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[2004]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[2005]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Business]]'''
 
| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Business]]'''
 
| [[Business Advising]]
 
| [[Business Advising]]
| [[2005]]
+
| [[2002]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[2002]]
|-
+
| [[Business Development]]
+
| [[2005]]
+
| [[2007]]
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[NGO Advising]]
 
| [[NGO Advising]]
| [[2005]]
+
| [[2002]]
| [[2007]]
+
|-
+
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Education]]'''
+
| [[English Teacher]]
+
 
| [[2003]]
 
| [[2003]]
| [[2007]]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| [[English Teacher Trainer]]
+
| [[Urban and Regional Planning]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 
| [[2003]]
 
| [[2003]]
| [[2007]]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[UNV]]'''
+
| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Education]]'''
| [[United Nations Volunteer]]
+
| [[English Teacher]]
 
| [[2002]]
 
| [[2002]]
 
| [[2002]]
 
| [[2002]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Fisheries Fresh]]
 +
| [[2004]]
 +
| [[2004]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Prim-Ed/Teach Trn]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Environment]]'''
 +
| [[Environmental Ed.]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
| [[2004]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Forestry]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Health]]'''
 +
| [[Health Degreed]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Health Extension]]
 +
| [[2002]]
 +
| [[2005]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Hygiene Ed/Sanitation]]
 +
| [[2003]]
 +
| [[2005]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Other]]'''
 +
| [[Unique Skill]]
 +
| [[2005]]
 +
| [[2005]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Youth and Community Development]]'''
 
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Youth and Community Development]]'''
 
| [[Commun. Serv/Deg.]]
 
| [[Commun. Serv/Deg.]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[2002]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[2005]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Youth Development]]
 
| [[Youth Development]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[2004]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[2004]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
[[Category:Azerbaijan]]
+
[[Category:East Timor]]

Revision as of 09:01, 9 December 2011

History of the Peace Corps
vvZFOeV9RWw|250}}
Since 1960, when then Senator John F. Kennedy challenged students at the University of Michigan to serve their country in the cause of peace by living and working in developing countries, more than 182,000 Peace Corps Volunteers have served in 138 countries all over the globe.

See also:



East Timor (more correctly known as Timor Loro sa’e, or “Timor of the Rising Sun”) was the first new Peace Corps program of the 21st century. The invitation to the Peace Corps to work in East Timor originated with the provisional government and was transmitted to senior government and Peace Corps officials in the United States. President George W. Bush, in his State of the Union address in January 2002, specifically mentioned East Timor in the context of a growing Peace Corps presence throughout the world.

Peace Corps staff worked to establish the fledgling Peace Corps program before the official independence of the new country on May 20, 2002. On May 21, former President Bill Clinton congratulated the Peace Corps on its entry into East Timor during his speech in the country’s capital as he officially opened the U.S. embassy and the U.S. mission in the country. The diplomatic note formally establishing the Peace Corps program was signed soon afterward by Nobel Peace Laureate and East Timorese Minister of Foreign Affairs José Ramos-Horta.

The first group of 19 Volunteers arrived in East Timor on June 21, 2002, as third-year extending Volunteers, representing more than 10 countries where Peace Corps Volunteers served.

As experienced Volunteers, they were able to prepare a foundation for the future. The first group of new Volunteers arrived in April 2003 to work in local governance and community health services promotion.Two more groups arrived in 2004 and one group in 2005, with Volunteers serving in both health promotion and rural community development.

As a new program, Peace Corps/East Timor is in an ongoing learning process about the country and its needs. As such, our two projects, community development and health promotion, continue to evolve. This means as new Peace Corps Volunteers you should expect that your project may change during your service, and that assignments may not precisely follow original formal job descriptions.

Sociology essay on Racism

History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in East Timor

Administratively, East Timor is divided into 13 districts, each with a district capital where district administrations are located. Each district encompasses a number of subdistricts, much like counties in the United States. Within each subdistrict are villages and hamlets governed by either or both traditional and elected village chiefs. Since the start of Peace Corps in East Timor, we have been working to meet the basic community development needs in areas such as organizational development, health promotion, small-scale agriculture, water and sanitation, nutrition, environment, HIV/AIDs, and women’s and youth development. Peace Corps/East Timor’s community development project is integrated around several objectives:

  • Increased participation of rural communities and community-based organizations in defining, implementing, and managing grass-roots project activities;
  • Enhancement of traditional food and livelihood security strategies through training and orientation in gardening, small-income generation, and nutrition;
  • Greater and more significant participation of women and youth in all facets of community-level projects and development activities; and
  • An emphasis on collaborative projects and activities that link communities and organizations and promote self-reliance and decreased dependency on outside donors. The 13 administrative districts also host district health management centers, village clinics, and mobile clinics. These provide preventive and treatment services. While the main job of district health management teams is responding to immediate health needs, Volunteers help these teams with preventive health education and promotion activities. Volunteers target community members, especially youth, women, and children because these sectors of the population are usually the most in need and the benefits that accrue are typically the most dramatic, long-term, and sustainable.


Volunteers also focus on capacity-building with health service providers. In East Timor, the legacy of the Indonesian occupation means that most current service providers have never done health extension work and often face many other challenges in the management of their everyday work.

In addition to community development and health promotion, Peace Corps/East Timor focuses on “global initiatives” that cut across project lines and provide secondary work opportunities for Volunteers in all project areas. These initiatives include information and communications technology, HIV/AIDS education and prevention, girls’ education, and the environment. Other areas that may be avenues for Peace Corps support in the future include agroforestry and cooperative/small business promotion.

The development needs in rural East Timor are enormous and cover a wide range of project areas. Volunteers are encouraged to identify “secondary projects” in their communities that address real needs as well as tap into their own particular interests and backgrounds.

Most Volunteers work with youth—supporting and training youth groups, doing geography projects, and developing after-school activities such as sports clubs. Other popular secondary project areas are teaching English and computer skills, especially to women and youth. Several Volunteers are strengthening small community groups, from women’s clubs to a pottery cooperative. Still others are doing small-scale demonstration gardening and dry-land permaculture.

Assignment History

Sector Assignment Beg. Yr End. Yr
Agriculture Ag Extension 2002 2004
Crop Extension 2004 2005
Business Business Advising 2002 2002
NGO Advising 2002 2003
Urban and Regional Planning 2002 2003
Education English Teacher 2002 2002
Fisheries Fresh 2004 2004
Prim-Ed/Teach Trn 2002 2002
Environment Environmental Ed. 2002 2004
Forestry 2002 2002
Health Health Degreed 2002 2002
Health Extension 2002 2005
Hygiene Ed/Sanitation 2003 2005
Other Unique Skill 2005 2005
Youth and Community Development Commun. Serv/Deg. 2002 2005
Youth Development 2004 2004