Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation Community Outreach Antigua and Barbuda Red Cross

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Project was named::Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation Community Outreach Antigua and Barbuda Red Cross{{#if:Barbados|

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See Appropriate technology information on Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation Community Outreach Antigua and Barbuda Red Cross at:Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation Community Outreach Antigua and Barbuda Red Cross at Appropedia.

Info about the Project was named::Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation Community Outreach Antigua and Barbuda Red Cross {{#if:Barbados||}} {{#if:Antigua||}} {{#if:2008||}} {{#if:2008||}} {{#if:Piggotts||}} {{#if:Yorks||}} {{#if:Bathlodge||}} {{#if:Cashew Hill||}} {{#if:Antigua and Barbuda Red Cross||}} {{#if:Crisis Corps||}} {{#if:|[[category:{{{projectsector}}}]]|}} {{#if:|[[category:{{{projectsector2}}}]]|}} {{#if:|[[category:{{{state}}}]]|}} {{#if:|[[category:{{{state}}} volunteer projects]]|}} {{#if:|[[category:{{{uscity}}}]]|}} {{#if:||}} {{#if:||}} {{#if:unknown||}}

Project Background:

Antigua and Barbuda are warm and sunny islands, and the inhabitants tend to live and build houses catering for a warm and sunny environment. However, flash flood areas exist, with improper or no drainage, where inhabitants do dwell happily in dry weather- all to suffer or even die in times of disasters. These flood hazards can be natural or man made hazards and should receive greater prevention and mitigation attention, especially from members within the community. They must learn how to lessen, manage and cope with threatening hazards.

The islands’ communities are geographically within districts that are within parishes. In relation to disaster preparedness, the country is divided into seventeen divisions, each with a voluntary community disaster manager operating under the National Office of Disaster Services (NODS).

In a 2006 the European Commission sponsored a Disaster Management project called DiPECHO V, the Antigua and Barbuda Red Cross (hereafter called the Red Cross) identified the communities of Piggotts, Yorks, Bathlodge/Cashew Hill area, and Barbuda as vulnerable to flooding. Thus these four communities were chosen by the Red Cross for the implementation of a project to lessen their vulnerability. These communities:

  • are located in low lying flash flood areas,
  • experience severe flooding
  • accede to sub-standard constructed houses that are prone to flooding.

Direct beneficiaries of the project: This table below indicates the population of each community.

Community: MalesFemalesTotal

Barbuda 6876381,325

Piggotts community 6847861,490

Yorks 9769021,878

Bathlodge/Cashew Hill6066261,232

Total direct beneficiaries5,925

Hurricane Lenny was one of the most severe hurricanes in recent history, stalling over Antigua and Barbuda for 3 days resulting in the worst flooding ever.

Partner Background:

Antigua and Barbuda Red Cross

The Antigua and Barbuda Red Cross was established as a branch of the British Red Cross on the 20th of October 1941, and gained full autonomy when the country became independent from Britain in November 1981. By an act of Parliament in August 1983 it became a National Society. In November 1992, the Antigua and Barbuda Red Cross was recognized as a member of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

Most services by the Red Cross are centralized at the headquarters in the capital of St. John’s. The Antigua and Barbuda Red Cross also established a branch on the island of Barbuda. The services offered by the Red Cross are:a) Audiology services,

b) Tracing/Uniting families,

c) HIV/AIDS Education,

d) First Aid,

e) First Aid services,

f) Swimming/Water safety,

g) Lifeguard training,

h) Medical equipment loan,

i) Welfare services,

j) Blood services,

k) Disaster response,


i) Operating a thrift shop.The Red Cross disaster program forms part of the

  • “Government of Antigua and Barbuda National Disaster Committee”,
  • “Government of Antigua and Barbuda National Executive Committee”
  • “National Operations Centre- National Office of Disaster Services (NODS)”
Project Description:

The European Commission’s sponsored DiPECHO V Community-Based Disaster Management project (2006) worked through the Red Cross to conduct community vulnerability assessment trainings. It was concluded that the areas of need in the four target communities (Piggotts, Yorks, Bathlodge/ Cashew Hill area, and Barbuda) are to lessen their susceptibility to flooding hazards and to train community members in how to mitigate such hazards. Therefore, this project is to assist the communities in generating mappings and data collection information on hazardous areas within their own communities.

The DiPECHO V project in 2006 also revealed that it is necessary for the Red Cross to establish branches in the communities which will facilitate and encourage togetherness and volunteerism. This is Red Cross’ effort to sustain its disaster response volunteer teams, since the Red Cross must continuously train and re-train its volunteers in every programme area that it offers. The CCV’s role will assist the Red Cross, in collaboration with the National Office for Disaster Services, in developing a stronger well-trained disaster response team.

The CCV will train the community volunteer disaster teams on how to prepare a community profile seasonal calendar, and a community historical calendar; to prepare community maps: threats and risks, capacity and risks; and to identify the difference in prevention, preparation, and mitigation activities necessary for the implementation of their community plan. Project Goal:

To empower the target communities to build their capacity to lessen or avoid risks caused by hazards/disasters.

Duties & Responsibilities:

  • Assist the Coordinator in developing a plan of action on how to help the four target communities
  • Assist the Coordinator in collaborating disaster-training efforts with the National Office of Disaster Services
  • Co-facilitate disaster training meetings with members of the four target communities; help them identify their disaster needs and how to address them
  • Advise the Community Disaster Response teams on how to effectively reduce and avoid natural disaster risks, specifically by training them on how to create and maintain hazard maps
  • Coordinate with the Red Cross Office in relation to required/necessary information that may assist in the facilitation of the project.


At the end of the six month service, the CCV is expected to:

  • Have action plans developed for all four target communities
  • Prepare and/or update community hazard maps for the target communities
  • Trained key members in each of the four communities on how to implement their action plan
Mandatory Qualifications:
  • Training and facilitation skills, especially in the area of disaster preparedness to local communities
  • Ability to produce community hazard maps and teach beneficiaries how to produce one
  • Knowledge of disaster vulnerabilities in the Caribbean region
  • Research skills, especially in knowledge of disaster-related topics
  • Experience in project management with NGOs especially where capacity building was imperative
  • The ability to respect cultural differences and to view these differences as an education.

Desired Qualifications:

  • RPCV Caribbean or Latin America
  • Experience with flood disasters
  • Written working knowledge in English, Spanish spoken is a plus.
Working Conditions:

The geographical parameters for which the Volunteer will be responsible are within the St. John’s Parish, and the island of Barbuda. The Red Cross will be responsible for the travel fares and over night board to Barbuda when necessary.

The Red Cross office at the headquarters in St. Johns is available for use by volunteers. It is equipped with telephone and basic stationeries. A lap top will be useful to the volunteer, since the office computer is usually shared and can impede convenient computing tasks. Red Cross is responsible for some work-related transportation, but public transportation to and from work is to be the responsibility of the volunteer. The volunteer will be accompanied by a Red Cross official in the field. There is no project vehicle.

The Volunteer may need to overcome the challenge of understanding the English dialect. But it will be understood by keen observation very quickly.

Red Cross Staff –

  1. Three paid staff: Director General, Welfare Officer, and Janitor,
  2. Volunteer-base Trainers for: HIV/AIDS Education Programme, First Aid and First Aid Services, Swimming/Water Safety, Lifeguard training, Disaster Response
  3. Other Special volunteer services for: Audiology service, Welfare service, Communication, Tracing and others.
  4. Temporary consultant and coordinator contracts when sponsored.

There are no other PCVs nor CCVs currently assigned to the Red Cross.

Supervision & Reporting Requirements:

The immediate supervisor will be the Red Cross Disaster Coordinator. The Director General of Red Cross will be the CCV’s ultimate, on-site supervisor. The CCV will, in addition, report to the Peace Corps Country Director as a Peace Corps Volunteer and will be expected to abide by Peace Corps rules and regulations while working as a Crisis Corps Volunteer in association with Red Cross.

Peace Corps/Eastern Caribbean requires monthly progress reports, a final report, evaluations, and Description of Service. Red Cross is required to provide Crisis Corps with a copy of any materials the CCV develops.

Housing & Living Conditions:

Accommodations will be arranged by the local Peace Corps support office in Antigua.  Peace Corps will provide secure accommodation, approved by the Regional Security Officer based at the American Embassy as well as the Safety and Security Coordinator based at Post.  Typically CCVs live in furnished apartments with running water, electricity and flushing toilet. The apartment will be located within a few minutes walk from a bus stop. Public transport is readily available for most locations on the weekdays until about 7 pm and on the Saturdays until about 8 pm. There will be other CCVs and PCVs posted in the island. Food markets and grocery stores are located mainly in the capital of St. Johns, which can be reached easily from any part of the island by bus under an hour. There are internet cafes in St. Johns, and the internet is available at the Peace Corps office in St. Johns. For an additional cost, the CCV can establish a LAN line into their home. The island of Antigua is relatively well modernized with most conveniences of the USA available, albeit at high prices.

The weather in Antigua and Barbuda is mostly hot and humid. The CCV will be working during the months prior to the rainy, hurricane season. Despite the weather, the CCV is expected to dress professionally and respectfully at all times. Some of the areas where the CCV will be working are quite conservative. Women and men should be sensitive to local practices and should wear long pants and shirts when working in these areas.


The CCV will be provided with a three part orientation that will span over 5-6 days, starting at the Peace Corps regional office in St. Lucia. The orientation will include the following sessions: medical, administrative policies and procedures, introduction to Peace Corps staff, project specific information, the necessary culture and language introduction, safety and security, including inclusion in the Peace Corps Emergency Action Plan, and swearing-in. The second part will be in Antigua, which will consist of opening a bank account, settling into the CCV housing, orientation of site, cultural orientation, and transportation training.

The CCV will then receive an orientation by Red Cross Staff. The induction will include administrative, security and program information relevant to their assignment.

Safety and Security:

Antigua & Barbuda is a beautiful country, and most people who work and travel here do not experience threats to their safety. Certain areas of Antigua can be dangerous, particularly after dark. Care must be taken to reduce risk. For example, taking taxis to and from points of interest while staying in the larger cities is highly recommended, and keeping valuable belongings like cameras out of sight will reduce the chances of getting mugged. In general, traveling at night can be dangerous.

The CCV will receive a comprehensive safety and security briefing during orientation in St. Lucia. It is critical that CCVs use caution and common sense and follow the security guidelines developed by Peace Corps. Volunteers who violate safety and security protocols may be administratively separated.

Shirley Triano
Recruitment and Placement Specialist
1111 20th Street, NW, 7th Floor
Washington, DC 20526
1-800-424-8580, ext 2260 or 202-692-2260
Fax: 202-692-2251