Costa Rica

From Peace Corps Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
m
 
Line 1: Line 1:
-
{{CountryboxAlternative
+
'''R. Sargant Shriver'''<br>
-
|Countryname= Costa Rica
+
Appointed by: President Kennedy<br>
-
|status= [[ACTIVE]]
+
March 22, 1961 - February 28, 1966<br>
-
|Flag= Flag_of_Costa_Rica.svg
+
On March 1, 1961, President Kennedy signed an executive order establishing the Peace Corps. Three days later, Shriver became its first director. Deployment was rapid: Volunteers arrived in five countries during 1961. In just under six years, Shriver developed programs in 55 countries with more than 14,500 Volunteers.  
-
|Welcomebooklink = http://www.peacecorps.gov/welcomebooks/crwb515.pdf
+
-
|Region= [[Central America and Mexico]]
+
-
|CountryDirector= [[Terry Grumley]]
+
-
|Sectors= [[Rural Community Development]]<br> ([[APCD]]: [[Silvia Araya]])<br> [[Youth Development]] <br>([[APCD]]: [[Daniel Baker]])<br> [[Micro-Enterprise Development]] <br>([[APCD]]: [[Luis Mata]])
+
-
|ProgramDates= [[1963]] - [[Present]]
+
-
|CurrentlyServing= 112
+
-
|TotalVolunteers= 3148
+
-
|Languages= [[Spanish]]
+
-
|Map= Cs-map.gif
+
-
}}
+
-
Since 1963, Peace Corps Volunteers have served in Costa Rica in a variety of projects including health, education, environment, agriculture, small business development, and youth development. During Peace Corps' history in Costa Rica, its projects have changed to respond and adapt to the needs and challenges of Costa Rica and its people.
 
-
In many respects, Costa Rica has attained impressive levels of social and economic development, manifesting a high level of material progress. However, under this surface, growing social ills threaten to diminish the country's gains in education, democracy, and healthcare. Peace Corps' presence in Costa Rica focuses on addressing the needs of the most vulnerable populations throughout the country strengthening agencies and communities to serve these populations.
+
'''Jack Vaughn'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Johnson<br>
 +
March 1, 1966 - April 30, 1969<br>
 +
Vaughn took steps to improve Peace Corps marketing, programming, and Volunteer support as large numbers of former Volunteers joined the Peace Corps staff. He also promoted Volunteer assignments in conservation, natural resource management, and community development.  
-
Costa Rica has three projects functioning at this time, rural community development, children, youth, and families, and micro enterprise development. The youth project aims to increase educational and training opportunities for youth, youth organizations, and community volunteers by strengthening the institutional capacity and community outreach of Costa Rica's Ministry of Child Welfare, PANI (Patronato Nacional de la Infancia). The rural community development project focuses on: organizational strengthening of local associations, development committees and other groups; increasing economic opportunities in the rural areas, especially for women's groups and rural youth; on educational enrichment activities with children, youth and adults in collaboration with the National Office of Community Development.
 
 +
'''Joseph Blatchford'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Nixon<br>
 +
May 1, 1969 - July 1, 1971<br>
 +
Blatchford served as head of the new ACTION agency, which encompassed U.S. domestic and foreign volunteer service programs including the Peace Corps. He created the Office of Returned Volunteers to help Volunteers serve in their communities at home, and initiated New Directions, a program emphasizing Volunteer skills.
-
==Peace Corps History==
+
'''Kevin O'Donnell'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Nixon<br>
 +
July 1, 1971 - September 30, 1972<br>
 +
O'Donnell's appointment was the first for a former country director (Korea, 1966-70). He worked tirelessly to save the Peace Corps from budget cuts. He believed strongly in a non-career Peace Corps and resigned as director exactly six years after first joining the Peace Corps.
-
''Main article: [[History of the Peace Corps in Costa Rica]]''
 
-
Since 1963, more than 2,200 Peace Corps Volunteers have served in Costa Rica in a variety of projects in the areas of health, education, the environment, community development, agriculture, small business development, and youth development. Throughout the program’s existence in Costa Rica, Volunteers have been consistently well received by the Costa Rican people and local counterpart agencies.
+
'''Donald Hess'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Nixon<br>
 +
August 11, 1972 - September 30, 1973<br>
 +
Hess initiated training of Volunteers in the host country where they would eventually serve. With this came the greater utilization of host country nationals in the training programs. The training provided more realistic preparation, and costs dropped for the agency. Hess also sought to end the down-sizing of the Peace Corps.  
-
The children, youth, and families project was the primary sector of the Peace Corps/Costa Rica program from 1998 through 2002. In 2003, a second project in rural community development began; it focuses on the poorest rural communities in the country. And now in 2005, we are opening a third project in the area of micro-enterprise development to address the needs of a mostly rural population.
 
 +
'''Nicholas Craw'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Nixon<br>
 +
October 1, 1973 - September 1, 1974<br>
 +
Craw sought to increase the number of Volunteers in the field and to stabilize the agency's future. He introduced a goal-setting measurement plan, the Country Management Plan, which gave a firm foundation for increased Congressional support and for improved resource allocation across all Peace Corps' countries.
-
==Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyles==
 
-
''Main article: [[Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyles in Costa Rica]]''
+
'''John Dellenback'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Ford<br>
 +
April 28, 1975 - May 13, 1977<br>
 +
Dellenback worked to make the best possible health care available to Volunteers. He also placed great emphasis on recruiting generalists. He believed in taking committed applicants without specific development skills and providing concentrated training to prepare them for service.
-
Currently, there are Volunteers in all parts of the country: the Central Valley, Limón on the Caribbean coast, Puntarenas on the Pacific coast, as far north as Los Chiles near the Nicaraguan border, and as far south as Paso Canoas on the Panama border. While sites vary in size, climate, and distance to downtown San José (from 20 minutes to eight hours by bus), each has been preselected by the Peace Corps in consultation with relevant host country agencies as being a community where a Volunteer will find plenty of work opportunities and support.
 
-
Volunteers in the children, youth, and families project live in urban, semi-urban, or rural communities. While Volunteers in the community development and micro-enterprise development projects will live in rural/semi-rural communities. Volunteers in urban sites usually have access via a short bus ride to services such as banks, post offices, and hospitals. Volunteers in more rural areas have to take a longer bus ride to the nearest large town to mail letters or cash checks. Some sites are converted squatter settlements made up of a combination of tin and wood shacks, but most sites have recently built two- or three-room cement block buildings with corrugated steel roofs. All Volunteer houses have cold running water and electricity, and most have phones. In all communities, you will find a church, a school, and general stores (pulperías) that sell staples such as rice, black beans, tuna, soap, soft drinks, and snack food.
+
'''Carolyn R. Payton'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Carter<br>
 +
October 11, 1977 - December 18, 1978<br>
 +
Payton was the first female Director of the Peace Corps, and the first African American. As Director, she believed strongly in reflecting America's diversity in the corps of Volunteers and worked tirelessly to convince young people that Peace Corps service would enrich their lives.  
-
During training, you will live with a family selected by the training staff in one of several training communities. During your first year of service, you are also required to live with a family in your assigned community. This promotes your integration into the community, increases your language skills, and helps ensure your safety. The families are recommended by community leaders and approved by your program manager. Requests to live independently during the second year are approved on a case-by-case basis.
 
-
The family you stay with, which is likely to include children, will probably have a home modest in size and comfort. While the Peace Corps requests that Volunteers be given their own room, you may find that its walls do not reach the ceiling or are very thin. It is important to remember that the concept of individual space in Costa Rica is different from that in America. While some Volunteers find living with a family frustrating at times, they also concede that it is an enriching way to experience a new culture and develop an awareness of its values.
+
'''Richard F. Celeste'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Carter<br>
 +
April 27, 1979 - January 20, 1981<br>
 +
Celeste focused on the role of women in development and was successful in involving women and minorities in the agency, particularly for staff positions. He invested heavily in training, including the development of a worldwide core curriculum, so that all Volunteers had a common context in which to work.  
-
While you will find most Costa Rican people to be kind and good, communities also have members with a variety of problems, including substance abuse and alcoholism, low income, single parenthood, child abuse, high unemployment, and delinquency. Therefore your safety is of major concern, and you will have to adjust and conform to different norms of behavior and take continual precautions to maximize your safety. (The Health Care and Safety chapter provides more information on this important issue.)
 
 +
'''Loret Miller Ruppe'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Reagan<br>
 +
May 6, 1981 - April 20, 1989<br>
 +
Ruppe was the longest-serving Director and a champion of women in development. She launched the Competitive Enterprise Development program to promote business-oriented projects. She established the Caribbean Basin Initiative, the Initiative for Central America, and the African Food Systems Initiative to help address regional challenges.
-
==Training==
 
-
''Main article: [[Training in Costa Rica]]''
+
'''Paul D. Coverdell'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Bush<br>
 +
April 20, 1989 - October 1, 1991<br>
 +
Coverdell established two programs with a domestic focus. World Wise Schools enabled U.S. students to correspond with Volunteers serving overseas in an effort to promote international awareness and cross-cultural understanding. Fellows/USA assisted returned Volunteers in pursuing graduate studies while serving local communities in the U.S.
-
Pre-service training, which follows a community-based training model, lasts for 11 weeks. Training communities are selected based on whether they meet certain safety and health requirements and allow trainees to carry out activities that help prepare them for their work. Approximately three to five trainees are placed in each of several communities around the capital city, San José, where they live with a host family. A language and cultural facilitator works closely with each group of trainees, providing formal language classes in trainees’ homes or in another suitable space in the community and practice-based instruction outside of the classroom. Advanced or native Spanish speakers participate in an alternative program that accommodates their particular needs.
 
-
All trainees are assigned integrated training activities, to be completed independently or with assistance from the language and cultural facilitators or members of the community. Trainees are responsible for scheduling the activities and determining what kind of support and resources they need in order to complete them. This neighborhood-based, experiential training is complemented by classroom-based technical, cultural, and health and safety training. On Fridays and some Saturdays, all trainees and staff meet at the Peace Corps office for seminars on the particular training “theme” that serves as a framework for determining weekly activities and as a guide for language instruction.
+
'''Elaine Chao'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Bush<br>
 +
October 8, 1991 - November 13, 1992<br>
 +
Chao was the first Asian American to serve as Director of the Peace Corps. She expanded the Peace Corps' presence in Eastern Europe and Central Asia by establishing the first Peace Corps programs Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and other newly independent countries.  
-
The training program include a group field trip to observe functioning projects, a visit to a Volunteer’s site, and one trip to trainees’ future sites, during which trainees begin planning for their future assignments.
 
-
==Your Health Care and Safety==
+
'''Carol Bellamy'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Clinton<br>
 +
October 7, 1993 - May 1, 1995<br>
 +
Bellamy was the first returned Volunteer (Guatemala 1963-65) to be confirmed by the Senate as Director of the Peace Corps.
-
''Main article: [[Health Care and Safety in Costa Rica]]''
 
-
The Peace Corps’ highest priority is maintaining the good health and safety of every Volunteer. Peace Corps medical programs emphasize the preventive, rather than the curative, approach to disease. The Peace Corps in Costa Rica maintains a health unit with a full-time medical officer, who takes care of Volunteers’ primary healthcare needs. Medical services may include hospitalization at authorized facilities that are located in the capital city. If you become seriously ill or the resources in-country are insufficient, the Office of Medical Services at Peace Corps headquarters may decide to medically evacuate you to the United States for further care or treatment.
+
'''Mark D. Gearan'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Clinton<br>
 +
September 26, 1995 - August 11, 1999<br>
 +
Gearan established the Crisis Corps, a program that allows returned Peace Corps Volunteers to help overseas communities recover from natural disasters and humanitarian crises. He supported expanding the corps of Volunteers and opened new Volunteer programs in South Africa, Jordan, Bangladesh, and Mozambique.  
-
==Diversity and Cross-Cultural Issues==
+
'''Mark L. Schneider'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Clinton<br>
 +
December 23, 1999 - January 20, 2001<br>
 +
Schneider was the second returned Volunteer (El Salvador, 1966-68) to head the agency. He launched an initiative to increase Volunteers' participation in helping prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa, and he also sought Volunteers to work on information technology projects to enhance development of overseas communities.
-
''Main article: [[Diversity and Cross-Cultural Issues in Costa Rica]]''
 
-
In Costa Rica, as in other Peace Corps host countries, Volunteers’ behavior, lifestyle, background, and beliefs are judged in a cultural context very different from their own. Certain personal perspectives or characteristics commonly accepted in the United States may be quite uncommon, unacceptable, or even repressed in Costa Rica.
+
'''Gaddi H. Vasquez'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Bush<br>
 +
January 23, 2002 - September 7, 2006<br>
 +
The first Hispanic American director, Gaddi Vasquez focused the recruitment program to attract a more diversity and oversaw a 30-year high in the Volunteers. He opened an historic program in Mexico, enhanced the worldwide safety and security systems, and initiated programs under the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief.  
-
Outside of Costa Rica’s capital, residents of rural communities have had relatively little direct exposure to other cultures, races, religions, and lifestyles. What people view as typical American behavior or norms may be a misconception, such as the belief that all Americans are rich and have blond hair and blue eyes. The people of Costa Rica are justly known for their generous hospitality to foreigners; however, members of the community in which you will live may display a range of reactions to cultural differences that you present.
 
-
To ease the transition and adapt to life in Costa Rica, you may need to make some temporary, yet fundamental compromises in how you present yourself as an American and as an individual. For example, female trainees and Volunteers may not be able to exercise the independence available to them in the United States; political discussions need to be handled with great care; and some of your personal beliefs may best remain undisclosed. You will need to develop techniques and personal strategies for coping with these and other limitations. The Peace Corps staff will lead diversity and sensitivity discussions during your pre-service training and will be on call to provide support, but the challenge ultimately will be your own.  
+
'''Ronald A. Tschetter'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President George W. Bush<br>
 +
September 26, 2006 – January 16, 2009<br>
 +
Tschetter is a returned Peace Corps Volunteer who served with his wife, Nancy, in India from 1966-1968 in community health. As Director, he focused on expanding the number of Peace Corps Volunteers age 50 plus, measuring success and impact of the agency, and promoting volunteerism.
-
* Possible Issues for Female Volunteers
 
-
* Possible Issues for Male Volunteers
 
-
* Possible Issues for Volunteers of Color
 
-
* Possible Issues for Senior Volunteers
 
-
* Possible Issues for Gay, Lesbian, or Bisexual Volunteers
 
-
* Possible Religious Issues for Volunteers
 
-
* Possible Issues for Volunteers With Disabilities
 
-
==Frequently Asked questions==
+
'''Aaron S. Williams'''<br>
 +
Appointed by: President Barack Obama<br>
 +
August 24, 2009 – September 17, 2012<br>
 +
A returned Peace Corps Volunteer who served in the Dominican Republic from 1967 to 1970, Williams during his first year as Director, oversaw the historic re-opening of Peace Corps programs in Colombia, Sierra Leone, and Indonesia.  In recognition of the agency's 50th anniversary in 2011, Director Williams encouraged all Americans to consider being part of the Peace Corps' legacy of public service and benefit from its life-defining leadership experience.
-
''Main article: [[FAQs about Peace Corps in Costa Rica]]''
+
==External Links==
 +
*[http://www.peacecorps.gov/index.cfm?shell=learn.whatispc.history.Pastdir Past Directors] Official US Peace Corps Website
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_Corps#Directors List of Directors on Wikipedia]
-
* How much luggage am I allowed to bring to Costa Rica?
 
-
* What is the electric current in Costa Rica?
 
-
* How much money should I bring?
 
-
* When can I take vacation and have people visit me?
 
-
* Will my belongings be covered by insurance?
 
-
* Do I need an international driver’s license?
 
-
* What should I bring as gifts for Costa Rican friends and my host family?
 
-
* Where will my site assignment be when I finish training and how isolated will I be?
 
-
* How can my family contact me in an emergency?
 
-
* Can I call home from Costa Rica?
 
-
* Should I bring a cellular phone with me?
 
-
* Will there be e-mail and Internet access? Should I bring my computer?
 
-
 
+
[[Category:History of the Peace Corps]]
-
==Packing List==
+
-
 
+
-
''Main article: [[Packing List for Costa Rica]]''
+
-
 
+
-
This list has been compiled by Volunteers serving in Costa Rica and is based on their experience. Use it as an informal guide in making your own list, bearing in mind that experience is individual. There is no perfect list! You obviously cannot bring everything we mention, so consider those items that make the most sense to you personally and professionally. You can always purchase some things locally and have other things sent to you later. As you decide what to bring, keep in mind that you have an 80-pound weight restriction on baggage. And remember, you can get almost everything you need in Costa Rica.
+
-
 
+
-
* General Clothing
+
-
* Shoes
+
-
* Personal Hygiene and Toiletry Items
+
-
* Peace Corps does not provide for these items
+
-
* Miscellaneous
+
-
* Items You Do Not Need to Bring
+
-
 
+
-
==Peace Corps News==
+
-
 
+
-
Current events relating to Peace Corps are also available by [[News | country of service]] or [[News by state|your home state]]
+
-
 
+
-
''The following is automatic RSS feed of Peace Corps news for this country.''<br><rss title=on desc=off>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&ned=us&scoring=n&q=%22peace+corps%22+%22costa+rica%22&output=rss</rss>
+
-
 
+
-
 
+
-
==See also==
+
-
* [[Volunteers who served in Costa Rica]]
+
-
* [[Pre-Departure Checklist]]
+
-
* [[List of resources for Costa Rica]]
+
-
 
+
-
==External links==
+
-
* [http://www.peacecorpsjournals.com/cs.html Peace Corps Journals - Costa Rica]
+
-
 
+
-
[[Category:Costa Rica]] [[Category:Central America and Mexico]]
+
-
[[Category:Country]]
+

Latest revision as of 03:55, 15 October 2013

R. Sargant Shriver
Appointed by: President Kennedy
March 22, 1961 - February 28, 1966
On March 1, 1961, President Kennedy signed an executive order establishing the Peace Corps. Three days later, Shriver became its first director. Deployment was rapid: Volunteers arrived in five countries during 1961. In just under six years, Shriver developed programs in 55 countries with more than 14,500 Volunteers.


Jack Vaughn
Appointed by: President Johnson
March 1, 1966 - April 30, 1969
Vaughn took steps to improve Peace Corps marketing, programming, and Volunteer support as large numbers of former Volunteers joined the Peace Corps staff. He also promoted Volunteer assignments in conservation, natural resource management, and community development.


Joseph Blatchford
Appointed by: President Nixon
May 1, 1969 - July 1, 1971
Blatchford served as head of the new ACTION agency, which encompassed U.S. domestic and foreign volunteer service programs including the Peace Corps. He created the Office of Returned Volunteers to help Volunteers serve in their communities at home, and initiated New Directions, a program emphasizing Volunteer skills.


Kevin O'Donnell
Appointed by: President Nixon
July 1, 1971 - September 30, 1972
O'Donnell's appointment was the first for a former country director (Korea, 1966-70). He worked tirelessly to save the Peace Corps from budget cuts. He believed strongly in a non-career Peace Corps and resigned as director exactly six years after first joining the Peace Corps.


Donald Hess
Appointed by: President Nixon
August 11, 1972 - September 30, 1973
Hess initiated training of Volunteers in the host country where they would eventually serve. With this came the greater utilization of host country nationals in the training programs. The training provided more realistic preparation, and costs dropped for the agency. Hess also sought to end the down-sizing of the Peace Corps.


Nicholas Craw
Appointed by: President Nixon
October 1, 1973 - September 1, 1974
Craw sought to increase the number of Volunteers in the field and to stabilize the agency's future. He introduced a goal-setting measurement plan, the Country Management Plan, which gave a firm foundation for increased Congressional support and for improved resource allocation across all Peace Corps' countries.


John Dellenback
Appointed by: President Ford
April 28, 1975 - May 13, 1977
Dellenback worked to make the best possible health care available to Volunteers. He also placed great emphasis on recruiting generalists. He believed in taking committed applicants without specific development skills and providing concentrated training to prepare them for service.


Carolyn R. Payton
Appointed by: President Carter
October 11, 1977 - December 18, 1978
Payton was the first female Director of the Peace Corps, and the first African American. As Director, she believed strongly in reflecting America's diversity in the corps of Volunteers and worked tirelessly to convince young people that Peace Corps service would enrich their lives.


Richard F. Celeste
Appointed by: President Carter
April 27, 1979 - January 20, 1981
Celeste focused on the role of women in development and was successful in involving women and minorities in the agency, particularly for staff positions. He invested heavily in training, including the development of a worldwide core curriculum, so that all Volunteers had a common context in which to work.


Loret Miller Ruppe
Appointed by: President Reagan
May 6, 1981 - April 20, 1989
Ruppe was the longest-serving Director and a champion of women in development. She launched the Competitive Enterprise Development program to promote business-oriented projects. She established the Caribbean Basin Initiative, the Initiative for Central America, and the African Food Systems Initiative to help address regional challenges.


Paul D. Coverdell
Appointed by: President Bush
April 20, 1989 - October 1, 1991
Coverdell established two programs with a domestic focus. World Wise Schools enabled U.S. students to correspond with Volunteers serving overseas in an effort to promote international awareness and cross-cultural understanding. Fellows/USA assisted returned Volunteers in pursuing graduate studies while serving local communities in the U.S.


Elaine Chao
Appointed by: President Bush
October 8, 1991 - November 13, 1992
Chao was the first Asian American to serve as Director of the Peace Corps. She expanded the Peace Corps' presence in Eastern Europe and Central Asia by establishing the first Peace Corps programs Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and other newly independent countries.


Carol Bellamy
Appointed by: President Clinton
October 7, 1993 - May 1, 1995
Bellamy was the first returned Volunteer (Guatemala 1963-65) to be confirmed by the Senate as Director of the Peace Corps.


Mark D. Gearan
Appointed by: President Clinton
September 26, 1995 - August 11, 1999
Gearan established the Crisis Corps, a program that allows returned Peace Corps Volunteers to help overseas communities recover from natural disasters and humanitarian crises. He supported expanding the corps of Volunteers and opened new Volunteer programs in South Africa, Jordan, Bangladesh, and Mozambique.


Mark L. Schneider
Appointed by: President Clinton
December 23, 1999 - January 20, 2001
Schneider was the second returned Volunteer (El Salvador, 1966-68) to head the agency. He launched an initiative to increase Volunteers' participation in helping prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa, and he also sought Volunteers to work on information technology projects to enhance development of overseas communities.


Gaddi H. Vasquez
Appointed by: President Bush
January 23, 2002 - September 7, 2006
The first Hispanic American director, Gaddi Vasquez focused the recruitment program to attract a more diversity and oversaw a 30-year high in the Volunteers. He opened an historic program in Mexico, enhanced the worldwide safety and security systems, and initiated programs under the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief.


Ronald A. Tschetter
Appointed by: President George W. Bush
September 26, 2006 – January 16, 2009
Tschetter is a returned Peace Corps Volunteer who served with his wife, Nancy, in India from 1966-1968 in community health. As Director, he focused on expanding the number of Peace Corps Volunteers age 50 plus, measuring success and impact of the agency, and promoting volunteerism.


Aaron S. Williams
Appointed by: President Barack Obama
August 24, 2009 – September 17, 2012
A returned Peace Corps Volunteer who served in the Dominican Republic from 1967 to 1970, Williams during his first year as Director, oversaw the historic re-opening of Peace Corps programs in Colombia, Sierra Leone, and Indonesia. In recognition of the agency's 50th anniversary in 2011, Director Williams encouraged all Americans to consider being part of the Peace Corps' legacy of public service and benefit from its life-defining leadership experience.

[edit] External Links

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Tell Your Friends
Navigation
Peace Corps News
Timelines
Country Information
Groups
Help
About
Toolbox