Difference between pages "Training in Cameroon" and "History of the Peace Corps in Peru"

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{{Training_by_country}}===Overview of Pre-Service Training ===
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{| cellpadding="1" cellspacing="5" style="border: 1px solid #9866FF; background-color: #f3f3ff" width="300"
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| align="center" | '''<big>Country Resources</big>'''
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| width="50%" |
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*[[Packing lists by country]]
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*[[Training by country]] 
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*[[Living conditions and volunteer lifestyles by country]]
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*[[Health care and safety by country]]
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*[[Diversity and cross-cultural issues by country]]
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*[[FAQs by country]]
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*[[History of the Peace Corps by country]] 
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|}
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</div>
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The Peace Corps first opened a program in Peru in 1962.  Over the next 13 years, some 2,600 Volunteers worked in health and nutrition, city planning, social work, agricultural extension, agricultural cooperatives, savings and loan associations, elementary and secondary education, community development, and earthquake reconstruction (after the severe earthquake and landslide of 1970). The Peace Corps had a main office in Lima and regional offices in Puno, Cuzco, Chimbote, and Arequipa. Peace Corps’ departure from Peru in 1975 was due to political and economic instability.
  
Pre-service training lasts from 10 to 11 weeks, depending on the project, and follows a community-based training methodology. This means that you will live in a Cameroonian village or town with a small group of other trainees and periodically come together in a common location for sessions with the members of your training class. While in training, you will conduct individual research and have formal language classes. Although pre-service training can be stressful as you try to learn new skills in a different and often confusing environment, a highly experienced training staff is available to help you.  
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In 2001, then-President Alejandro Toledo invited the Peace Corps to return. As well as seeing Peace Corps as part of his development plan for the country, President Toledo had a personal relationship with the Peace Corps. When he was young, his family had hosted a Volunteer in their home in Chimbote. Volunteers taught him English and were instrumental in his attending college and graduate school in the United States. President Toledo also worked at the Peace Corps training center in California, teaching Spanish while he was going to college.  
  
====Technical Training====
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Teams from Peace Corps headquarters made assessment visits to Peru in late 2001 and early 2002, and a country agreement was signed in Lima on March 23, 2002. The Peace Corps was represented by its then-director, Gaddi Vasquez. Staff was deployed to Lima in May 2002. The first four Volunteers, third-year transferees from other Latin American countries, arrived in August 2002. They were followed by the first new group of Volunteers, who arrived for training in November and were sworn-in in February 2003. A second group arrived in September 2003. Since then, two new groups of trainees arrive to serve in Peru each year.
  
Technical training will prepare you to work in Cameroon by building on the skills you already have and helping you develop new skills in a manner appropriate to the needs of the country. Peace Corps staff, Cameroonian experts, and current Volunteers will conduct the training program. Training places great emphasis on learning how to transfer the skills you have to the community in which you will serve as a Volunteer.
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===History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in Peru ===
  
Technical training will include sessions on the general economic and political environment in Cameroon and strategies for working within such a framework. You will review your technical sector’s goals and will meet with the Cameroonian agencies and organizations that invited the Peace Corps to assist them. You will be supported and evaluated by the training staff throughout the training to build the confidence and skills you need to undertake your project activities and be a productive member of your community.  
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Peru is a poor country with significant development challenges.  According to USAID, 48 percent of the population lives below the official poverty line (U.S. $58 per month), with 18 percent living in extreme poverty (under U.S. $32 per month).  Peru is plagued by high unemployment (around 10 percent) and underemployment (estimated at 43 percent). Health indicators show that large sectors of the population suffer from nutritional deficiencies (24 percent of children are chronically malnourished), a high infant mortality rate (43 per 1,000 in rural areas), and limited access to basic healthcare services.  
  
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Although Peruvians take pride in their country’s rich biodiversity, in practice there is little environmental ethic. Few activities are being implemented to preserve natural resources, and in some cases severe degradation is taking place.
  
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Youth are seriously affected by Peru’s economic situation.  Many children are sent to the streets to sell candy or find other ways to earn a few coins a day. Facilities that serve orphaned, abandoned, or abused children provide little more than food and shelter, and the residents become instantly unemployed when they leave at age 18. Even among less disadvantaged low-income youth, there is often a feeling of hopelessness and low self-esteem that can lead to drug abuse and crime.
  
====Language Training====
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Based upon these realities, the Peace Corps program in Peru is focused on four sectors: small business development, community health, youth development, and environmental awareness. All Peace Corps activities are directed toward providing people at the community level with the knowledge, tools, and capacities to help them improve their own lives.
  
As a Peace Corps Volunteer, you will find that language skills are the key to personal and professional satisfaction during your service. These skills are critical to your job performance, they help you integrate into your community, and they can ease your personal adaptation to the new surroundings.  Therefore, language training is the heart of the training program, and you must successfully meet minimum language requirements to complete training and become a VolunteerExperienced Cameroonian language instructors teach formal language classes five days a week in small groups of four to five people. French, pidgin, and other local languages are also introduced in the health, cultural, and technical components of training.  
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In the small business development project, Volunteers help agricultural associations, artisan groups, and other small business owners improve their net incomes by enhancing their marketing links to urban and export markets, and by strengthening their management and accounting practicesVolunteers also look for creative ways to integrate information technology into small business management.  
  
Your language training will incorporate a community-based approach. In addition to classroom time, you will be given assignments to work on outside of the classroom and with your host family. The goal is to get you to a point of basic social communication skills so that you can practice and develop language skills further on your own. Prior to being sworn in as a Volunteer, you will work on strategies to continue language studies during your two years of service. You would be well-served to begin building your French skills now. Among the books Peace Corps/Cameroon uses is Essential French Grammar by Seymour Resnick (Dover, 1979).  
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In the community health project, Volunteers promote preventive healthcare practices. They train and work side-by-side with community health promoters, health post staff, parents, and community members. Preventive healthcare practices include basic hygiene, nutrition education (including promoting family gardens), disease prevention, and maternal and infant care.  
  
====Cross-Cultural Training====
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In the youth development project, Volunteers work with orphanages, centers for street-children, schools, health posts, and other youth-serving organizations in programs to develop vocational skills, self-esteem, life skills, and components of good citizenship.
  
As part of your pre-service training, you will live with a Cameroonian host family. This experience is designed to ease your transition to life at your site. Families go through an orientation conducted by Peace Corps staff to explain the purpose of pre-service training and to assist them in helping you adapt to living in Cameroon. Many Volunteers form strong and lasting friendships with their host families.  
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In the environmental awareness project, Volunteers work in small towns and rural communities on environmental education, recycling campaigns, and conservation of protected areas.  
  
Cross-cultural and community development training will help you improve your communication skills and understand your role as a facilitator of development. You will be exposed to topics such as community mobilization, conflict resolution, gender and development, nonformal and adult education strategies, and political structures.  
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In all its projects, the Peace Corps works closely with Peruvian counterpart agencies to help the agencies achieve their goals. These agencies include government ministries, local municipalities, and a variety of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).
  
====Health Training====
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==Assignment History==
  
During pre-service training, you will be given basic medical training and information. You will be expected to practice preventive health care and to take responsibility for your own health by adhering to all medical policies. Trainees are required to attend all medical sessions. The topics include preventive health measures and minor and major medical issues that you might encounter while in Cameroon. Nutrition, mental health, safety and security, setting up a safe living compound, and how to avoid HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are also covered.
 
  
====Safety Training====
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{| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
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|-
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| align="center" | '''[[Sector]]''' || '''[[Assignment]]''' || '''[[Beg. Yr]]''' || '''[[End. Yr]]'''
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|-
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| rowspan="4" align="center"| '''[[Agriculture]]'''
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| [[Ag Economics]]
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| [[2002]]
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| [[2003]]
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|-
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| [[Ag Extension]]
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| [[2002]]
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| [[2005]]
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|-
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| [[Apiculture]]
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| [[1973]]
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| [[1973]]
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|-
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| [[Crop Extension]]
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| [[1962]]
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| [[1974]]
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|-
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| rowspan="4" align="center"| '''[[Business]]'''
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| [[Business Advising]]
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| [[1971]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| [[Computer Science]]
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| [[2004]]
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| [[2006]]
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|-
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| [[Cooperatives]]
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| [[1968]]
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| [[1968]]
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|-
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| [[Urban and Regional Planning]]
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| [[1964]]
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| [[1964]]
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|-
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| rowspan="4" align="center"| '''[[Education]]'''
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| [[English Teacher]]
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| [[1966]]
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| [[1966]]
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|-
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| [[Gen. Construction]]
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| [[1964]]
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| [[1964]]
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|-
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| [[Industrial Arts]]
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| [[1967]]
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| [[1971]]
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|-
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| [[Voc. Trainer]]
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| [[1970]]
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| [[1970]]
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|-
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| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Environment]]'''
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| [[Environmental Ed.]]
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| [[2005]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| rowspan="4" align="center"| '''[[Health]]'''
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| [[Envir. and Water Resource]]
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| [[1974]]
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| [[1974]]
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|-
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| [[Health Degreed]]
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| [[2002]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| [[Health Extension]]
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| [[2002]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| [[Hygiene Ed/Sanitation]]
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| [[2002]]
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| [[2002]]
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|-
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| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Other]]'''
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| [[Flexible App]]
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| [[1970]]
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| [[1974]]
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|-
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| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Youth and Community Development]]'''
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| [[Commun. Serv/Deg.]]
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| [[1963]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| [[Road Const/Engin.]]
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| [[1973]]
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| [[1973]]
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|-
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| [[Youth Development]]
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| [[2004]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
 +
|}
  
During the safety training sessions, you will learn how to adopt a lifestyle that reduces your risks at home, at work, and during your travels. You will also learn appropriate, effective strategies for coping with unwanted attention and about your individual responsibility for promoting safety throughout your service.
 
  
Additional Trainings During Volunteer Service
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[[Category:Peru]]
 
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In its commitment to institutionalize quality training, the Peace Corps has implemented a training system that provides Volunteers with continual opportunities to examine their commitment to Peace Corps service while increasing their technical and cross-cultural skills. During your service, there are usually three training events. The titles and objectives for those trainings are as follows:
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* In-service training: Provides an opportunity for Volunteers to upgrade their technical, language, and project development skills while sharing their experiences and reaffirming their commitment after having served for three to six months.
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* Midterm conference (done in conjunction with technical sector in-service): Assists Volunteers in reviewing their first year, reassessing their personal and project objectives, and planning for their second year of service.
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* Close-of-service conference: Prepares Volunteers for the future after Peace Corps service and reviews their respective projects and personal experiences.
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The number, length, and design of these trainings are adapted to country-specific needs and conditions. The key to the training system is that training events are integrated and interrelated, from the pre-departure orientation through the end of your service, and are planned, implemented, and evaluated cooperatively by the training staff, Peace Corps staff, and Volunteers.
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[[Category:Cameroon]]
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[[Category:Training|Cameroon]]
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Revision as of 11:11, 8 December 2015

Country Resources

The Peace Corps first opened a program in Peru in 1962. Over the next 13 years, some 2,600 Volunteers worked in health and nutrition, city planning, social work, agricultural extension, agricultural cooperatives, savings and loan associations, elementary and secondary education, community development, and earthquake reconstruction (after the severe earthquake and landslide of 1970). The Peace Corps had a main office in Lima and regional offices in Puno, Cuzco, Chimbote, and Arequipa. Peace Corps’ departure from Peru in 1975 was due to political and economic instability.

In 2001, then-President Alejandro Toledo invited the Peace Corps to return. As well as seeing Peace Corps as part of his development plan for the country, President Toledo had a personal relationship with the Peace Corps. When he was young, his family had hosted a Volunteer in their home in Chimbote. Volunteers taught him English and were instrumental in his attending college and graduate school in the United States. President Toledo also worked at the Peace Corps training center in California, teaching Spanish while he was going to college.

Teams from Peace Corps headquarters made assessment visits to Peru in late 2001 and early 2002, and a country agreement was signed in Lima on March 23, 2002. The Peace Corps was represented by its then-director, Gaddi Vasquez. Staff was deployed to Lima in May 2002. The first four Volunteers, third-year transferees from other Latin American countries, arrived in August 2002. They were followed by the first new group of Volunteers, who arrived for training in November and were sworn-in in February 2003. A second group arrived in September 2003. Since then, two new groups of trainees arrive to serve in Peru each year.

History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in Peru

Peru is a poor country with significant development challenges. According to USAID, 48 percent of the population lives below the official poverty line (U.S. $58 per month), with 18 percent living in extreme poverty (under U.S. $32 per month). Peru is plagued by high unemployment (around 10 percent) and underemployment (estimated at 43 percent). Health indicators show that large sectors of the population suffer from nutritional deficiencies (24 percent of children are chronically malnourished), a high infant mortality rate (43 per 1,000 in rural areas), and limited access to basic healthcare services.

Although Peruvians take pride in their country’s rich biodiversity, in practice there is little environmental ethic. Few activities are being implemented to preserve natural resources, and in some cases severe degradation is taking place.

Youth are seriously affected by Peru’s economic situation. Many children are sent to the streets to sell candy or find other ways to earn a few coins a day. Facilities that serve orphaned, abandoned, or abused children provide little more than food and shelter, and the residents become instantly unemployed when they leave at age 18. Even among less disadvantaged low-income youth, there is often a feeling of hopelessness and low self-esteem that can lead to drug abuse and crime.

Based upon these realities, the Peace Corps program in Peru is focused on four sectors: small business development, community health, youth development, and environmental awareness. All Peace Corps activities are directed toward providing people at the community level with the knowledge, tools, and capacities to help them improve their own lives.

In the small business development project, Volunteers help agricultural associations, artisan groups, and other small business owners improve their net incomes by enhancing their marketing links to urban and export markets, and by strengthening their management and accounting practices. Volunteers also look for creative ways to integrate information technology into small business management.

In the community health project, Volunteers promote preventive healthcare practices. They train and work side-by-side with community health promoters, health post staff, parents, and community members. Preventive healthcare practices include basic hygiene, nutrition education (including promoting family gardens), disease prevention, and maternal and infant care.

In the youth development project, Volunteers work with orphanages, centers for street-children, schools, health posts, and other youth-serving organizations in programs to develop vocational skills, self-esteem, life skills, and components of good citizenship.

In the environmental awareness project, Volunteers work in small towns and rural communities on environmental education, recycling campaigns, and conservation of protected areas.

In all its projects, the Peace Corps works closely with Peruvian counterpart agencies to help the agencies achieve their goals. These agencies include government ministries, local municipalities, and a variety of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).

Assignment History

Sector Assignment Beg. Yr End. Yr
Agriculture Ag Economics 2002 2003
Ag Extension 2002 2005
Apiculture 1973 1973
Crop Extension 1962 1974
Business Business Advising 1971 2007
Computer Science 2004 2006
Cooperatives 1968 1968
Urban and Regional Planning 1964 1964
Education English Teacher 1966 1966
Gen. Construction 1964 1964
Industrial Arts 1967 1971
Voc. Trainer 1970 1970
Environment Environmental Ed. 2005 2007
Health Envir. and Water Resource 1974 1974
Health Degreed 2002 2007
Health Extension 2002 2007
Hygiene Ed/Sanitation 2002 2002
Other Flexible App 1970 1974
Youth and Community Development Commun. Serv/Deg. 1963 2007
Road Const/Engin. 1973 1973
Youth Development 2004 2007