Difference between pages "History of the Peace Corps in Madagascar" and "History of the Peace Corps in Jamaica"

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Despite political and economic reform measures, Madagascar continues to face many development challenges. The education system is burdened by overcrowded classrooms, poorly trained teachers, and a severe shortage of teaching materials. Widespread poverty, a poorly educated population, food insecurity, unsafe water supplies, and inadequate health services have resulted in a high rate of infant mortality. Madagascar has one of the highest levels of biodiversity on Earth, but its natural resource base is severely threatened by deforestation, soil erosion, and the decline in overall land productivity. Peace Corps Volunteers in Madagascar teach English, train teachers, conduct health and HIV/AIDS education, and work on natural resources management and community development.
+
The Peace Corps was first asked to work in Jamaica in 1962, and Volunteers worked in cities, towns and the countryside as teachers, agricultural extensionists, health educators, and rural development workers. In the mid-1970s, Volunteers were assigned to schools, hospitals, health clinics, and other government ministry offices as teachers, nurses, and loan officers.  
  
The first 10 Peace Corps Volunteers arrived in Madagascar in September 1993 to initiate the teacher training project, which eventually became the English education project. In August 1994, the environmental project kicked off with the arrival of 13 trainees. The health project began in September 1995Since reopening in 2002, the Peace Corps has been providing approximately 75 new Volunteers per year in this country. Since the beginning, the program has had a close working relationship with the government of Madagascar.
+
The most recent shift in approach to development was conceived in 1989 and is now a reality. Current assignments are part of a uniform plan that has a significant community development core. While each project plan has specific tasks and skill requirements, Peace Corps/Jamaica assignments generally involve facilitating the growth and development of communities and their members in a way that empowers them to make and carry out better decisions about their own livesNot all Volunteers are placed in small rural communities. Sites also exist in small towns, peri-urban centers, inner cities, and tourist cities such as Montego Bay, Negril, and Ocho Rios. No Volunteers are assigned to Kingston (the capital) or Spanish Town.  
  
===History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in Madagascar===
+
An age-old dilemma in development work involves charity and dependency versus facilitation and empowerment. It has been—and still is—easier to give and to “do things yourself” than to be the facilitator and help others to grow and learn on their own. But such charity-based practices have proven to be short-lived, unsustainable, and not desirable in many developing countries, including Jamaica. Therefore, you will learn how to build capacity and empower people to improve their own living conditions, thus making development more fulfilling and sustainable. A successful development specialist gives ownership of a development or project to the entire community. When everyone strives to reach a common goal, the effort is conceived, implemented, and achieved with a much greater sense of ownership, accomplishment and satisfaction. This sense of ownership by all is the key to success and sustainability when working in community development.
  
Peace Corps/Madagascar focuses on three main areas of vital need: health, education, and natural resources management.  These projects have evolved over the years based on the needs of the government and the communities with which we work.
 
  
Volunteers in the community health project help communities address health issues through behavioral change methodologies and the effective dissemination of health messages. Volunteers work to promote prevention of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), prevention of childhood illnesses, family life skills, and reproductive health. Volunteers also work with community leaders and organizations to disseminate health messages that are critical to mother and child survival.
+
===History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in Jamaica ===
  
Volunteers in the English as a foreign language (EFL) project are posted to underserved rural communities and work with students, teachers, and the larger community to improve their capacity to speak English. In 2005, President Ravalomanana stated that he wanted English to become the second offical language of this country. In collaboration with central and regional curriculum professionals, Volunteers support the government’s initiatives to raise the standards of teaching, develop teaching resources, and strengthen the links between schools and their communities. Using the community-content-based instructional approach as well as project design and management training, Peace Corps/ Madagascar Volunteers model the belief that teachers, by definition, are community development workers. As such, Peace Corps teachers and their counterparts use English as a vehicle to promote awareness of community issues, to encourage using schools as a base for community activities, and to develop the future community development workers of Madagascar—its young, school-age population.
+
More than 3,500 Volunteers have served in this hospitable country of loving and dynamic people struggling for success. Jamaica’s population faces the same struggles as those of many other island nations. There are many areas where people still practice subsistence agriculture. Many youth are without jobs or lack the skills to contribute to the development of their communities. In addition, a wealth of biodiversity exists in the country, and protecting its valuable natural resources, while benefiting from tourism, is essential to Jamaica’s economy.  
  
Madagascar has several national parks and protected natural areas. Volunteers in the natural resources management project provide training for managers of protected areas, community members, and groups to improve conservation in these areas. Volunteers are engaged in environmental education, income-generation activities, trail construction, ecotourism, ecological monitoring, community development, construction of fuel-conserving stoves, forestry, and gardening. Their goals are to reduce the degradation of natural resources, to develop the capacity of local individuals and institutions, and to enhance the management capabilities of responsible governmental and nongovernmental organizations.
+
Volunteers are engaged in development work that is essential to the Jamaican people at the grassroots level. They are working to conserve natural resources, to promote hygiene and healthy living, helping to fight the HIV/AIDS pandemic, to promote information technology and small business, and to help youth gain the skills and education they need for their future.
 +
 
 +
Peace Corps/Jamaica has three primary sectors or projects: youth as-promise, community environmental health, and environmental awareness. All three sectors/projects are fully integrated with small business and information and communication technology (ICT). These two cross-cutting areas are critical to all Peace Corps projects in Jamaica and more generally to the development of the country. All Volunteers are trained in basic small business development, HIV/AIDS prevention, and ICT instructional techniques. They are able to integrate ICT into their projects as appropriate and to train counterparts and community members in ICT integration.
 +
 
 +
One of Jamaica’s primary concerns is marginalized youth, defined as young men and women ages 10 to 25 who are not in school and have few skills or opportunities for employment.  In helping the government of Jamaica address these critical issues, the youth as-promise project focuses on youth development, HIV/AIDS education, prevention and support, ICT, and small business development.
 +
 
 +
Volunteers assigned to “The Green Initiative,” or environmental education project, focus on increasing awareness of issues such as solid-waste management and recycling, watershed protection, overfishing, coral reef conservation, and appropriate farming practices. Volunteers work with environmental organizations, schools, and community groups to promote knowledge and skills that will foster environmental conservation.
 +
 
 +
Waste management and water quality are key issues in Jamaica as the demands of tourism and a large population, coupled with unhealthy practices, pressure the country’s water supply. Some Volunteers in community environmental health serve at the national and regional levels influencing policies by government agencies to support the development of sustainable water treatment systems. Other Volunteers serve in rural, peri-urban, and urban squatter settlements, assisting communities in health hygiene and implementing water sanitation projects.
  
 
===Assignment History===
 
===Assignment History===
 
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align="center" | '''[[Sector]]''' || '''[[Assignment]]''' || '''[[Beg. Yr]]''' || '''[[End. Yr]]'''
 
| align="center" | '''[[Sector]]''' || '''[[Assignment]]''' || '''[[Beg. Yr]]''' || '''[[End. Yr]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Agriculture]]'''
+
| rowspan="10" align="center"| '''[[Agriculture]]'''
 +
| [[Ag Economics]]
 +
| [[1982]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Ag Education]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1995]]
 +
|-
 
| [[Ag Extension]]
 
| [[Ag Extension]]
| [[1999]]
+
| [[1981]]
| [[2008]]
+
| [[1995]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Animal Husband]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1983]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Animal Husband Lg]]
 +
| [[1979]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Apiculture]]
 +
| [[1980]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Crop Extension]]
 
| [[Crop Extension]]
| [[2003]]
+
| [[1962]]
| [[2006]]
+
| [[1994]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Farm Mechanics]]
 +
| [[1982]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Fisheries Marine]]
 +
| [[1985]]
 +
| [[1985]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Soil Science]]
 +
| [[1985]]
 +
| [[1985]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="6" align="center"| '''[[Business]]'''
 +
| [[Accounting]]
 +
| [[1970]]
 +
| [[1993]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Archictecture]]
 +
| [[1989]]
 +
| [[1989]]
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Business]]'''
 
 
| [[Business Advising]]
 
| [[Business Advising]]
 +
| [[1970]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
| [[2007]]
| [[2008]]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| [[NGO Advising]]
+
| [[Computer Science]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[1995]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Urban and Regional Planning]]
+
| [[Cooperatives]]
| [[2002]]
+
| [[1970]]
| [[2002]]
+
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[NGO Advising]]
 +
| [[1998]]
 +
| [[1998]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Crisis Corps]]'''
 
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Crisis Corps]]'''
 
| [[Crisis Corps]]
 
| [[Crisis Corps]]
| [[1997]]
+
| [[1991]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[2008]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="21" align="center"| '''[[Education]]'''
 +
| [[Bus. Ed/Sectl Skl]]
 +
| [[1985]]
 +
| [[1994]]
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="4" align="center"| '''[[Education]]'''
 
 
| [[English Teacher]]
 
| [[English Teacher]]
| [[1997]]
+
| [[1966]]
| [[2007]]
+
| [[2003]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[English Teacher Trainer]]
 
| [[English Teacher Trainer]]
 +
| [[1966]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Fisheries Fresh]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1988]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Home Economics]]
 +
| [[1980]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Industrial Arts]]
 +
| [[1970]]
 +
| [[1994]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Library Science]]
 +
| [[1984]]
 +
| [[1986]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Literacy Ed.]]
 +
| [[1995]]
 +
| [[1995]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Math Teacher Trainer]]
 
| [[1993]]
 
| [[1993]]
| [[1998]]
+
| [[1994]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Occupat. Therapy]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1994]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Phys. Ed/Youth Wk]]
 +
| [[1979]]
 +
| [[1995]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Prim-Ed/Teach Trn]]
 
| [[Prim-Ed/Teach Trn]]
| [[2002]]
+
| [[1981]]
| [[2002]]
+
| [[2007]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Science Ed/Gen.]]
 +
| [[1973]]
 +
| [[1973]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Science Teacher Trainer]]
 +
| [[1982]]
 +
| [[1994]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Secondary-Ed Math]]
 +
| [[1984]]
 +
| [[1994]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Secondary-Ed Sci.]]
 +
| [[1985]]
 +
| [[1994]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Special Ed/Blind]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Special Ed/Deaf]]
 +
| [[1979]]
 +
| [[1983]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Special Ed/Gen.]]
 +
| [[1980]]
 +
| [[1995]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Speech Therapy]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1994]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Voc. Trainer]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1983]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Univ. English Teaching]]
+
| rowspan="4" align="center"| '''[[Environment]]'''
| [[1993]]
+
| [[Comm Forestry Ext]]
| [[1993]]
+
| [[1990]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Environment]]'''
 
 
| [[Environmental Ed.]]
 
| [[Environmental Ed.]]
| [[1998]]
+
| [[1991]]
| [[2008]]
+
| [[2007]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Forestry]]
 
| [[Forestry]]
| [[1994]]
+
| [[1981]]
| [[2008]]
+
| [[2000]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Protected Areas Management]]
 
| [[Protected Areas Management]]
 +
| [[1988]]
 
| [[1994]]
 
| [[1994]]
| [[2008]]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="4" align="center"| '''[[Health]]'''
+
| rowspan="8" align="center"| '''[[Health]]'''
 
| [[Envir. and Water Resource]]
 
| [[Envir. and Water Resource]]
| [[2006]]
+
| [[1996]]
| [[2008]]
+
| [[2007]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Health Degreed]]
 
| [[Health Degreed]]
| [[1995]]
+
| [[1981]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Health Extension]]
 
| [[Health Extension]]
 +
| [[1977]]
 +
| [[2007]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Home Econ/Ext.]]
 +
| [[1986]]
 
| [[1995]]
 
| [[1995]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Hygiene Ed/Sanitation]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
| [[2007]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Hygiene Ed/Sanitation]]
+
| [[Med. Technician]]
| [[2002]]
+
| [[1967]]
| [[2002]]
+
| [[1994]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Nursing]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1995]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Physical Therapy]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1995]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Other]]'''
 +
| [[Flexible App]]
 +
| [[1983]]
 +
| [[1983]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Unique Skill]]
 +
| [[1977]]
 +
| [[2004]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[UNV]]'''
 +
| [[United Nations Volunteer]]
 +
| [[1974]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="6" align="center"| '''[[Youth and Community Development]]'''
 +
| [[Appropriate Tech.]]
 +
| [[1979]]
 +
| [[1985]]
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Youth and Community Development]]'''
 
 
| [[Commun. Serv/Deg.]]
 
| [[Commun. Serv/Deg.]]
| [[2002]]
+
| [[1979]]
| [[2002]]
+
| [[2007]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Mechanics]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1996]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Road Const/Engin.]]
 +
| [[1985]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Rural Youth Dev.]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1986]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Youth Development]]
 +
| [[1996]]
 +
| [[2007]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
[[Category:Madagascar]]
+
 
 +
[[Category:Jamaica]]

Revision as of 01:53, 13 March 2009

History of the Peace Corps
vvZFOeV9RWw|250}}
Since 1960, when then Senator John F. Kennedy challenged students at the University of Michigan to serve their country in the cause of peace by living and working in developing countries, more than 182,000 Peace Corps Volunteers have served in 138 countries all over the globe.

See also:



The Peace Corps was first asked to work in Jamaica in 1962, and Volunteers worked in cities, towns and the countryside as teachers, agricultural extensionists, health educators, and rural development workers. In the mid-1970s, Volunteers were assigned to schools, hospitals, health clinics, and other government ministry offices as teachers, nurses, and loan officers.

The most recent shift in approach to development was conceived in 1989 and is now a reality. Current assignments are part of a uniform plan that has a significant community development core. While each project plan has specific tasks and skill requirements, Peace Corps/Jamaica assignments generally involve facilitating the growth and development of communities and their members in a way that empowers them to make and carry out better decisions about their own lives. Not all Volunteers are placed in small rural communities. Sites also exist in small towns, peri-urban centers, inner cities, and tourist cities such as Montego Bay, Negril, and Ocho Rios. No Volunteers are assigned to Kingston (the capital) or Spanish Town.

An age-old dilemma in development work involves charity and dependency versus facilitation and empowerment. It has been—and still is—easier to give and to “do things yourself” than to be the facilitator and help others to grow and learn on their own. But such charity-based practices have proven to be short-lived, unsustainable, and not desirable in many developing countries, including Jamaica. Therefore, you will learn how to build capacity and empower people to improve their own living conditions, thus making development more fulfilling and sustainable. A successful development specialist gives ownership of a development or project to the entire community. When everyone strives to reach a common goal, the effort is conceived, implemented, and achieved with a much greater sense of ownership, accomplishment and satisfaction. This sense of ownership by all is the key to success and sustainability when working in community development.


History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in Jamaica

More than 3,500 Volunteers have served in this hospitable country of loving and dynamic people struggling for success. Jamaica’s population faces the same struggles as those of many other island nations. There are many areas where people still practice subsistence agriculture. Many youth are without jobs or lack the skills to contribute to the development of their communities. In addition, a wealth of biodiversity exists in the country, and protecting its valuable natural resources, while benefiting from tourism, is essential to Jamaica’s economy.

Volunteers are engaged in development work that is essential to the Jamaican people at the grassroots level. They are working to conserve natural resources, to promote hygiene and healthy living, helping to fight the HIV/AIDS pandemic, to promote information technology and small business, and to help youth gain the skills and education they need for their future.

Peace Corps/Jamaica has three primary sectors or projects: youth as-promise, community environmental health, and environmental awareness. All three sectors/projects are fully integrated with small business and information and communication technology (ICT). These two cross-cutting areas are critical to all Peace Corps projects in Jamaica and more generally to the development of the country. All Volunteers are trained in basic small business development, HIV/AIDS prevention, and ICT instructional techniques. They are able to integrate ICT into their projects as appropriate and to train counterparts and community members in ICT integration.

One of Jamaica’s primary concerns is marginalized youth, defined as young men and women ages 10 to 25 who are not in school and have few skills or opportunities for employment. In helping the government of Jamaica address these critical issues, the youth as-promise project focuses on youth development, HIV/AIDS education, prevention and support, ICT, and small business development.

Volunteers assigned to “The Green Initiative,” or environmental education project, focus on increasing awareness of issues such as solid-waste management and recycling, watershed protection, overfishing, coral reef conservation, and appropriate farming practices. Volunteers work with environmental organizations, schools, and community groups to promote knowledge and skills that will foster environmental conservation.

Waste management and water quality are key issues in Jamaica as the demands of tourism and a large population, coupled with unhealthy practices, pressure the country’s water supply. Some Volunteers in community environmental health serve at the national and regional levels influencing policies by government agencies to support the development of sustainable water treatment systems. Other Volunteers serve in rural, peri-urban, and urban squatter settlements, assisting communities in health hygiene and implementing water sanitation projects.

Assignment History

Sector Assignment Beg. Yr End. Yr
Agriculture Ag Economics 1982 1991
Ag Education 1981 1995
Ag Extension 1981 1995
Animal Husband 1981 1983
Animal Husband Lg 1979 1992
Apiculture 1980 1991
Crop Extension 1962 1994
Farm Mechanics 1982 1991
Fisheries Marine 1985 1985
Soil Science 1985 1985
Business Accounting 1970 1993
Archictecture 1989 1989
Business Advising 1970 2007
Computer Science 1995 2007
Cooperatives 1970 1992
NGO Advising 1998 1998
Crisis Corps Crisis Corps 1991 2008
Education Bus. Ed/Sectl Skl 1985 1994
English Teacher 1966 2003
English Teacher Trainer 1966 1991
Fisheries Fresh 1981 1988
Home Economics 1980 1990
Industrial Arts 1970 1994
Library Science 1984 1986
Literacy Ed. 1995 1995
Math Teacher Trainer 1993 1994
Occupat. Therapy 1981 1994
Phys. Ed/Youth Wk 1979 1995
Prim-Ed/Teach Trn 1981 2007
Science Ed/Gen. 1973 1973
Science Teacher Trainer 1982 1994
Secondary-Ed Math 1984 1994
Secondary-Ed Sci. 1985 1994
Special Ed/Blind 1981 1981
Special Ed/Deaf 1979 1983
Special Ed/Gen. 1980 1995
Speech Therapy 1981 1994
Voc. Trainer 1981 1983
Environment Comm Forestry Ext 1990 1990
Environmental Ed. 1991 2007
Forestry 1981 2000
Protected Areas Management 1988 1994
Health Envir. and Water Resource 1996 2007
Health Degreed 1981 2007
Health Extension 1977 2007
Home Econ/Ext. 1986 1995
Hygiene Ed/Sanitation 1981 2007
Med. Technician 1967 1994
Nursing 1981 1995
Physical Therapy 1981 1995
Other Flexible App 1983 1983
Unique Skill 1977 2004
UNV United Nations Volunteer 1974 1991
Youth and Community Development Appropriate Tech. 1979 1985
Commun. Serv/Deg. 1979 2007
Mechanics 1981 1996
Road Const/Engin. 1985 1990
Rural Youth Dev. 1981 1986
Youth Development 1996 2007