Difference between pages "Training in Costa Rica" and "History of the Peace Corps in Sierra Leone"

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{{Training_by_country}}
+
{{History_of_the_Peace_Corps_by_country}}
Pre-service training, which follows a community-based training model, lasts for 11 weeks. Training communities are selected based on whether they meet certain safety and health requirements and allow trainees to carry out activities that help prepare them for their work. Approximately three to five trainees are placed in each of several communities around the capital city, San José, where they live with a host family. A language and cultural facilitator works closely with each group of trainees, providing formal language classes in trainees’ homes or in another suitable space in the community and practice-based instruction outside of the classroom. Advanced or native Spanish speakers participate in an alternative program that accommodates their particular needs.
+
  
All trainees are assigned integrated training activities, to be completed independently or with assistance from the language and cultural facilitators or members of the community. Trainees are responsible for scheduling the activities and determining what kind of support and resources they need in order to complete them. This neighborhood-based, experiential training is complemented by classroom-based technical, cultural, and health and safety training. On Fridays and some Saturdays, all trainees and staff meet at the Peace Corps office for seminars on the particular training “theme” that serves as a framework for determining weekly activities and as a guide for language instruction.  
+
The Peace Corps program in Sierra Leone began in January
 +
1962 as one of the first countries entered after Peace
 +
Corps’ launch in March 1961. In fact, Peace Corps signed an
 +
agreement with the new government of Sierra Leone just
 +
nine months after the country became independent from the
 +
United Kingdom.
  
The training program include a group field trip to observe functioning projects, a visit to a Volunteer’s site, and one trip to trainees’ future sites, during which trainees begin planning for their future assignments.  
+
The first group of Peace Corps Volunteers to arrive in Sierra
 +
Leone were 37 secondary school teachers in January 1962.
 +
They were joined by another 70 Volunteers in August 1962.
 +
For much of the 1960s, PC/Sierra Leone (SL) concentrated on
 +
education, with Volunteers involved in teaching at many levels
 +
and throughout the country. From the late 1960s to the early
 +
1990s PC/SL branched out into the sectors of agriculture,
 +
community development, design-construction manpower
 +
development, and health.
  
 +
In the early 1990s political turmoil and civil unrest in the
 +
region engulfed Sierra Leone and Peace Corps was forced
 +
to evacuate its 82 Volunteers as a result of a bloodless coup
 +
d’état that took place in Freetown on April 29, 1992. In July
 +
1992 Peace Corps staff returned to reopen the program, with
 +
15 former Volunteers; another 11 new agriculture trainees
 +
arrived in August 1992. Projects in Health, Education and
 +
Agriculture were re-established in areas not immediately
 +
affected by the civil conflict, but growing violence soon
 +
made it difficult for Peace Corps to continue. Following the
 +
evacuation of the remaining Volunteers, the program was
 +
finally closed in October 1994. More than 5,900 Volunteers
 +
served in Sierra Leone up until this closure.
  
 +
Peace Corps conducted a partial assessment in 2001, hoping
 +
to utilize Peace Corps Response Volunteers. Agency finances
 +
did not allow a return, but full assessments were conducted in
 +
2003 and 2007, both recommending that the security situation
 +
in-country was conducive to Peace Corps’ return and that
 +
there was a tremendous need for, and goodwill toward, the
 +
Peace Corps. With the availability of funding in 2009, the
 +
agency made the decision to re-enter Sierra Leone with a
 +
group of 40 Volunteers.
  
====Technical Training====
+
====History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in Sierra Leone====
  
Technical training prepares you to work in Costa Rica by building on the skills you already have and helping you develop new skills in a manner appropriate to the needs of the country. The Peace Corps staff, Costa Rican experts, and current Volunteers conduct the training program. Training places great emphasis on learning how to transfer the skills you have to the community in which you will serve as a Volunteer. Training staff will observe your informal presentations to community groups as part of your preparation.  
+
In Sierra Leone Peace Corps begun in Sierra Leone with an educational
 +
project, but Volunteers have worked in many program
 +
sectors, including agriculture, education, fisheries, health,
 +
parks management, rural development, and small-scale food
 +
production/processing.
  
Technical training will include sessions on the general economic and political environment in Costa Rica and strategies for working within such a framework. You will review your technical sector’s goals and will meet with the Costa Rican agencies and organizations that invited the Peace Corps to assist them. You will be supported and evaluated throughout the training to build the confidence and skills you need to undertake your project activities and be a productive member of your community.  
+
Throughout its history, Peace Corps has enjoyed a significant
 +
amount of support from the government of Sierra Leone
 +
(GOSL) and the population at-large. This strong support still
 +
exists and was very evident during the many meetings held
 +
with ministerial level officials during the re-entry assessment
 +
visit, as well as during tours of the nation.
 +
Education, environment/agriculture, health, and small
 +
business development are areas in which the government has
 +
expressed strong interest in having Peace Corps assistance
 +
and support. Strengthening local organizational capacities,
 +
food security, and income generation are explicitly advocated
 +
as major goals of many national development initiatives. All of
 +
the initial activities proposed for Peace Corps fall within the
 +
scope of government priorities and will systematically adhere
 +
to the strategic policy of decentralization and building local
 +
capacities in GOSL’s overall development plan.
  
====Language Training====
+
Soon after the war ended in Sierra Leone, education emerged
 +
as a national priority. The Ministry of Education, Science, and
 +
Technology (now Ministry of Education, Sports, and Youth)
 +
developed a comprehensive education sector assistance plan
 +
for 2007-2015. Sierra Leone’s educational system has been
 +
transitioning from post-conflict resolution to sustainable
 +
development. To strengthen the educational system, the
 +
government of Sierra Leone and its partners are collaborating
 +
in every facet of the system to provide quality and affordable
 +
education. In response to this national priority, the Peace
 +
Corps’ initial return to Sierra Leone has focused on secondary
 +
education Volunteers teaching English, math, and science.
  
As a Peace Corps Volunteer, you will find that language skills are the key to personal and professional satisfaction during your service. These skills are critical to your job performance, they help you integrate into your host community, and they can ease your personal adaptation to the new surroundings.  
+
The focus for future programming in Sierra Leone is strong
 +
and strategic growth. In 2011, a second project area is
 +
expected to be added to complement the existing secondary
 +
education project and Peace Corps will more than double
 +
the number of Volunteers in-country. Peace Corps will also
 +
place Response Volunteers. These are returned Peace Corps
 +
Volunteers who undertake more narrowly focused and shorterterm
 +
assignments. Future programming expansion will likely
 +
focus on agriculture, community development, food security,
 +
and health education, in keeping with GOSL priorities.
  
Therefore, language training is the heart of the training program, and you must successfully meet minimum language requirements to complete training and be sworn-in as a Volunteer. Costa Rican language instructors teach formal language classes three or four mornings a week in small groups of three to five trainees. In the afternoons, trainees receive individual assistance and carry out activities in the community. The language facilitators rotate among trainee groups so that they receive instruction from different facilitators over the 11-week period.  
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | '''[[Sector]]''' || '''[[Assignment]]''' || '''[[Beg. Yr]]''' || '''[[End. Yr]]'''
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="8" align="center"| '''[[Agriculture]]'''
 +
| [[Ag Economics]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1993]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Ag Education]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1986]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Ag Extension]]
 +
| [[1971]]
 +
| [[1993]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Animal Husband]]
 +
| [[1980]]
 +
| [[1982]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Animal Husband Lg]]
 +
| [[1980]]
 +
| [[1993]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Crop Extension]]
 +
| [[1961]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Fisheries Marine]]
 +
| [[1982]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Soil Science]]
 +
| [[1970]]
 +
| [[1970]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Business]]'''
 +
| [[Business Advising]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Cooperatives]]
 +
| [[1972]]
 +
| [[1986]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Crisis Corps]]'''
 +
| [[Crisis Corps]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="15" align="center"| '''[[Education]]'''
 +
| [[Bus. Ed/Sectl Skl]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[English Teacher]]
 +
| [[1966]]
 +
| [[1988]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Fisheries Fresh]]
 +
| [[1979]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Gen. Construction]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1989]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Home Economics]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1993]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Industrial Arts]]
 +
| [[1985]]
 +
| [[1989]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Phys. Ed/Youth Wk]]
 +
| [[1987]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Prim-Ed/Teach Trn]]
 +
| [[1966]]
 +
| [[1993]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Science Ed/Gen.]]
 +
| [[1979]]
 +
| [[1982]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Secondary-Ed Math]]
 +
| [[1964]]
 +
| [[1993]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Secondary-Ed Sci.]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1993]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Special Ed/Blind]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1982]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Special Ed/Deaf]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1982]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Special Ed/Gen.]]
 +
| [[1979]]
 +
| [[1979]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Voc. Trainer]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="4" align="center"| '''[[Environment]]'''
 +
| [[Comm Forestry Ext]]
 +
| [[1988]]
 +
| [[1993]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Environmental Ed.]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Forestry]]
 +
| [[1980]]
 +
| [[1993]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Protected Areas Management]]
 +
| [[1986]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="9" align="center"| '''[[Health]]'''
 +
| [[Disease Control]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Envir. and Water Resource]]
 +
| [[1961]]
 +
| [[1982]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Health Degreed]]
 +
| [[1981]]
 +
| [[1993]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Health Extension]]
 +
| [[1980]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Home Econ/Ext.]]
 +
| [[1984]]
 +
| [[1989]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Hygiene Ed/Sanitation]]
 +
| [[1982]]
 +
| [[1989]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Med. Technician]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Nursing]]
 +
| [[1980]]
 +
| [[1993]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Physical Therapy]]
 +
| [[1985]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" align="center"| '''[[Other]]'''
 +
| [[Flexible App]]
 +
| [[1974]]
 +
| [[1975]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Unique Skill]]
 +
| [[1966]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[UNV]]'''
 +
| [[United Nations Volunteer]]
 +
| [[1985]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="4" align="center"| '''[[Youth and Community Development]]'''
 +
| [[Appropriate Tech.]]
 +
| [[1982]]
 +
| [[1987]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Commun. Serv/Deg.]]
 +
| [[1966]]
 +
| [[1992]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Mechanics]]
 +
| [[1983]]
 +
| [[1990]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Rural Youth Dev.]]
 +
| [[1984]]
 +
| [[1984]]
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
The goal is to get you to a point of basic social communication skills so that you can practice and develop language skills further on your own. Prior to being sworn in as a Volunteer, you will work on strategies to continue language studies during your two years of service.
 
  
====Cross-Cultural Training====
+
See also: [[Sierra Leone]]
 
+
The experience of living with a Costa Rican host family during training is designed to ease your transition to life at your site.  Families go through an orientation conducted by Peace Corps staff to explain the purpose of pre-service training and to assist them in helping you adapt to living in Costa Rica. Many Volunteers form strong and lasting friendships with their host families.
+
 
+
Cross-cultural and community development training will help you improve your communication skills and understand your role as a facilitator of development. You will be exposed to topics such as community mobilization, conflict resolution, gender and development, nonformal and adult education strategies, cultural diversity, and political structures.
+
 
+
====Health Training====
+
 
+
During pre-service training, you will be given basic medical training and information. You will be expected to practice preventive healthcare and to take responsibility for your own health by adhering to all medical policies. Trainees are required to attend all medical sessions. The topics include preventive health measures and minor and major medical issues that you might encounter while in Costa Rica.
+
 
+
Nutrition, mental health, safety and security, setting up a safe living compound, and how to avoid HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are also covered.
+
 
+
====Safety Training====
+
 
+
During the safety training sessions, you will learn how to adopt a lifestyle that reduces risk in your home, at work, and during your travels. You will also learn appropriate, effective strategies for coping with unwanted attention and about your individual responsibility for promoting safety throughout your service.
+
 
+
Additional Trainings During Volunteer Service
+
 
+
In its commitment to institutionalize quality training, the Peace Corps has implemented a training system that provides Volunteers with continual opportunities to evaluate their commitment to Peace Corps service while increasing their technical and cross-cultural skills. During service, there are usually three training events. The titles and objectives for those trainings are as follows:  
+
 
+
* In-service training: Provides an opportunity for Volunteers to upgrade their technical, language, and project development skills while sharing their experiences and reaffirming their commitment after serving for three months and again after serving for six months.
+
* Midterm conference: Assists Volunteers in reviewing their first year, reassessing their personal and project objectives, and planning for their second year of service.
+
* Close of service conference: Prepares Volunteers for the future after Peace Corps service and reviews their respective projects and personal experiences. 
+
 
+
The number, length, and design of these trainings are adapted to country-specific needs and conditions. The key to the training system is that training events are integrated and interrelated, from the pre-departure orientation through the end of your service, and are planned, implemented, and evaluated cooperatively by the training staff, Peace Corps staff, and Volunteers.
+
 
+
[[Category:Costa Rica]]
+
[[Category:Training|Costa Rica]]
+

Latest revision as of 08:18, 21 May 2014

History of the Peace Corps
vvZFOeV9RWw|250}}
Since 1960, when then Senator John F. Kennedy challenged students at the University of Michigan to serve their country in the cause of peace by living and working in developing countries, more than 182,000 Peace Corps Volunteers have served in 138 countries all over the globe.

See also:

The Peace Corps program in Sierra Leone began in January 1962 as one of the first countries entered after Peace Corps’ launch in March 1961. In fact, Peace Corps signed an agreement with the new government of Sierra Leone just nine months after the country became independent from the United Kingdom.

The first group of Peace Corps Volunteers to arrive in Sierra Leone were 37 secondary school teachers in January 1962. They were joined by another 70 Volunteers in August 1962. For much of the 1960s, PC/Sierra Leone (SL) concentrated on education, with Volunteers involved in teaching at many levels and throughout the country. From the late 1960s to the early 1990s PC/SL branched out into the sectors of agriculture, community development, design-construction manpower development, and health.

In the early 1990s political turmoil and civil unrest in the region engulfed Sierra Leone and Peace Corps was forced to evacuate its 82 Volunteers as a result of a bloodless coup d’état that took place in Freetown on April 29, 1992. In July 1992 Peace Corps staff returned to reopen the program, with 15 former Volunteers; another 11 new agriculture trainees arrived in August 1992. Projects in Health, Education and Agriculture were re-established in areas not immediately affected by the civil conflict, but growing violence soon made it difficult for Peace Corps to continue. Following the evacuation of the remaining Volunteers, the program was finally closed in October 1994. More than 5,900 Volunteers served in Sierra Leone up until this closure.

Peace Corps conducted a partial assessment in 2001, hoping to utilize Peace Corps Response Volunteers. Agency finances did not allow a return, but full assessments were conducted in 2003 and 2007, both recommending that the security situation in-country was conducive to Peace Corps’ return and that there was a tremendous need for, and goodwill toward, the Peace Corps. With the availability of funding in 2009, the agency made the decision to re-enter Sierra Leone with a group of 40 Volunteers.

History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in Sierra Leone[edit]

In Sierra Leone Peace Corps begun in Sierra Leone with an educational

project, but Volunteers have worked in many program sectors, including agriculture, education, fisheries, health, parks management, rural development, and small-scale food production/processing.

Throughout its history, Peace Corps has enjoyed a significant amount of support from the government of Sierra Leone (GOSL) and the population at-large. This strong support still exists and was very evident during the many meetings held with ministerial level officials during the re-entry assessment visit, as well as during tours of the nation. Education, environment/agriculture, health, and small business development are areas in which the government has expressed strong interest in having Peace Corps assistance and support. Strengthening local organizational capacities, food security, and income generation are explicitly advocated as major goals of many national development initiatives. All of the initial activities proposed for Peace Corps fall within the scope of government priorities and will systematically adhere to the strategic policy of decentralization and building local capacities in GOSL’s overall development plan.

Soon after the war ended in Sierra Leone, education emerged as a national priority. The Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (now Ministry of Education, Sports, and Youth) developed a comprehensive education sector assistance plan for 2007-2015. Sierra Leone’s educational system has been transitioning from post-conflict resolution to sustainable development. To strengthen the educational system, the government of Sierra Leone and its partners are collaborating in every facet of the system to provide quality and affordable education. In response to this national priority, the Peace Corps’ initial return to Sierra Leone has focused on secondary education Volunteers teaching English, math, and science.

The focus for future programming in Sierra Leone is strong and strategic growth. In 2011, a second project area is expected to be added to complement the existing secondary education project and Peace Corps will more than double the number of Volunteers in-country. Peace Corps will also place Response Volunteers. These are returned Peace Corps Volunteers who undertake more narrowly focused and shorterterm assignments. Future programming expansion will likely focus on agriculture, community development, food security, and health education, in keeping with GOSL priorities.

Sector Assignment Beg. Yr End. Yr
Agriculture Ag Economics 1981 1993
Ag Education 1981 1986
Ag Extension 1971 1993
Animal Husband 1980 1982
Animal Husband Lg 1980 1993
Crop Extension 1961 1992
Fisheries Marine 1982 1991
Soil Science 1970 1970
Business Business Advising 1981 1992
Cooperatives 1972 1986
Crisis Corps Crisis Corps 1992 1992
Education Bus. Ed/Sectl Skl 1981 1990
English Teacher 1966 1988
Fisheries Fresh 1979 1990
Gen. Construction 1981 1989
Home Economics 1981 1993
Industrial Arts 1985 1989
Phys. Ed/Youth Wk 1987 1992
Prim-Ed/Teach Trn 1966 1993
Science Ed/Gen. 1979 1982
Secondary-Ed Math 1964 1993
Secondary-Ed Sci. 1981 1993
Special Ed/Blind 1981 1982
Special Ed/Deaf 1981 1982
Special Ed/Gen. 1979 1979
Voc. Trainer 1981 1991
Environment Comm Forestry Ext 1988 1993
Environmental Ed. 1991 1991
Forestry 1980 1993
Protected Areas Management 1986 1992
Health Disease Control 1981 1981
Envir. and Water Resource 1961 1982
Health Degreed 1981 1993
Health Extension 1980 1992
Home Econ/Ext. 1984 1989
Hygiene Ed/Sanitation 1982 1989
Med. Technician 1991 1992
Nursing 1980 1993
Physical Therapy 1985 1990
Other Flexible App 1974 1975
Unique Skill 1966 1990
UNV United Nations Volunteer 1985 1992
Youth and Community Development Appropriate Tech. 1982 1987
Commun. Serv/Deg. 1966 1992
Mechanics 1983 1990
Rural Youth Dev. 1984 1984


See also: Sierra Leone